Presentations - By Category

A (more or less) complete list of my presentations. Currently 500 or so presentations are listed. Most have embedded slides, most talks have embedded audio recordings, and some have video. Audio, video and slide downloads are included.

Keynote Addresses

  1. The Next Generation of MOOCs
    May 20, 2022. Iranian Conference of Health Professions Education (ICHPE), Education and Development Center of the Ministry of Health, Tehran, Iran, by Zoom (Keynote). In this presentation I outline the development of MOOCs, discuss the impact of the pandemic, and suggest several ways MOOCs will grow and develop in the future, including through the use of web3 technologies, live linked data, artificial intelligence, and the metaverse.

  2. Learning and Teaching in a Pandemic: Opportunities, Challenges and Lessons Learned
    Sept 14, 2021. TILT Annual Learning and Teaching Conference (ALTC) 2021, Nottingham Trent University, Online, to Nottingham, UK, via MS Teams (Keynote). In this presentation I draw on my experience and coverage of stories of learning and teaching in the pandemic to bring together the best of what we learned over the last two years. From the perspective of three conference themes: 1. Active, Collaborative Learning, 2. Digital Tools and Technologies, and 3. Learning Communities, I look at where academics and universities excelled, where they struggled, and where they adopted new practises that may have a more lasting impact. I summarise these into ten core lessons we learned about learning and teaching during the pandemic, three challenges facing us as we leverage these into a better 'new normal', and three concrete opportunities for action we can take to facilitate improvements in learning, based on these lessons.

  3. Being Online: Facing the Digital Future Together
    Nov 28, 2020. Professional Development, LINC Home Study, Toronto, Online via Zoom (Keynote). Over the last few months, we have all become much more experienced with working and learning online. As we look to the future, we will no doubt carry on with a certain measure of digital teaching and collaboration. What will this new experience look like? Stephen Downes looks at our recent experiences using online learning and conferencing and paints a picture of what the longer-term future is likely to look like. He'll talk about what technologies worked, what didn't, and what we've learned about navigating the online environment.

  4. Ethics, Analytics and the Duty of Care
    Nov 29, 2019. XVI Congresso Brasileiro de Ensino Superior a Distância (ESUD) e o V Congresso Internacional de Educação Superior a Distância (CIESUD) 2019, Associação Universidade em Rede (UniRede), Teresina, Brazil (Keynote). Through the last few decades we have been subject to increasingly complex definitions of ethical behaviour with respect to learning, data, and analytics. But there ought to be more than rules. There ought to be humanity, life. This talk is about a way to redefine ethics, drawing from the moral intuitions of philosophers, feminists, practitioners and teachers. It embraces the idea that morality and ethics are not requirements, not ways in which we judge each other, but opportunities, ways of letting us know how we can do good in this world, and a little bit about why. Notes for the talk are here.

  5. The Third Wave: the Next Generation of Distributed Learning Technology
    May 22, 2019. Canadan Network for Innovation in Education, CNIE, Vancouver, British Columbia (Keynote). Stephen Downes argues that we are entering a new generation of distributed web technologies that will change how we view the development and delivery of online learning. In a talk that blends some of the underlying themes from artificial intelligence, blockchain and cloud technologies Downes builds on his previous work developing network-based MOOCs to describe new types of content-addressable learning resources, new activity-driven models of assessment, consensus-based communities, and a model of learning based on identity, voice and opportunity. Livestreaming video:

  6. Future Learning in an Advanced Decentralized Learning Ecosystem
    May 10, 2019. Individual Training and Education (IT&E) Symposium, Canadian Armed Forces, Canadian Forces Base Borden (Keynote). The U.S. Advanced Distributed Learning Initiative (ADL) has historically emphasized interoperability in decentralized learning ecosystems, supporting such things as the Personal Assistant for Learning (PAL) and Open Social Learning Models (OSLM). Similar challenges are being faced in the wider internet community. Developers have responded with new approaches supporting decentralized networks, such as open social applications (for example, micropub), distributed ledger technology (for example, blockchain), and cloud container networks. These will support new learning application such as virtual reality, artificial intelligence, and personal assistants. This presentation will provide an overview of this emerging infrastructure, describe key points of contact with training and development services, and outline the impact on future learning programs and systems.

  7. Vision 2030: Redesigning Education for the Future
    Nov 06, 2018. Asbar World Forum 2018, Asbar, Riyadh, Saudia Arabia (Keynote). In this presentation I outline three ways education needs to adapt to the future, by becoming more relevant, engaging and personal, and then describe the technologies and approaches we will need to develop and use in order to support this. (Note that long portions of the video are blocked by a camera operator sitting down in front of my camera and doing nothing in particular).

  8. How Open Education Can Change the World (Reprise)
    Apr 26, 2018. Educacion y Technologia en y Para La Diversidad, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin, Colombia (Keynote). I define and explore the application of open education and open educational resources (OER) to peace, reconciliation and development in Colombia. I describe how new technologies have made possible new ways of learning, and how we can work together as a community to teach ourselves, thus allowing each person the voice and opportunity to play a meaningful role in society. This is a more polished version of the talk given in Rionegro. HL-Z2q-sgnw

  9. How Open Education Can Change the World
    Apr 24, 2018. Educación para la Paz, Universidad Catolica de Oriente, Rionegro, Colombia (Keynote). In this presentation I explore the application of open education and open educational resources (OER) to peace, reconciliation and development in Colombia. I describe how new technologies have made possible new ways of learning, and how we can work together as a community to teach ourselves, thus allowing each person the voice and opportunity to play a meaningful role in society.

  10. Innovation in Educational Technology
    Jan 24, 2018. EIDOS64, Le département des Pyrénées atlantiques , Bayonne, France (Keynote). What are the factors that motivate innovation in educational technology, and what is the outcome that results from those factors. In this talk Stephen Downes addresses the set of commonly understood ‘drivers’, ranging from factors ranging from demographic change to economic restraint to technology development. In addition, he also examines the ‘attractors’ for innovation, defining these as the factors that define what we want to accomplish through education, factors that range from personal self-improvement to workplace training to social and cultural development. From the perspective of these factors we can comprehend not only the recent history of educational technology, but also gain perspectives on the future as well. We can also comment on what we want, need and value in an education system, and thus frame the decisions that we will need to take in the short term in order to prepare for the long term.

  11. Applications, Algorithms and Data: Open Educational Resources and the Next Generation of Virtual Learning
    Nov 30, 2017. Education Ouverte: Ressources Educatives Libres et Ingenierie de Formation, Université Virtuelle de Tunis, Hammamet, Tunisia (Keynote). The next generation of OERs will take a step beyond traditional media and classroom support and begin to take advantage of the unique properties of virtual learning. Using examples such as virtual containers and actionable data books, I sketch the future for the next generation of OERs as a distributed and interactive network of applications, algorithms and data. Video starts at 1:18:00.

  12. Online Learning and MOOCs: Visions and Pathways
    Nov 07, 2017. China International Distance Education Conference, Distance Education in China, Beijing, China (Keynote). This talk delivered in Beijing, China, traces the history of online learning from learning objects and LMSs through to open educational resources and MOOCs, then describes some trends for the future. See also here and here for conference websites. English with Chinese translation (audio, video) provided by Li Chen.

  13. Becoming Connected
    Aug 25, 2017. Konferencja Pokazać – Przekazać, Centrum Nauki Kopernik, Warsaw, Poland (Keynote). Objective: To present the core ideas of connectivism in both a learning and scientific context, in a sense unifying the ideas of discovery, interaction and education.

  14. A Model of Personal Learning (Take Two)
    Jun 20, 2017. Learning Tech Day, Ghent, Belgium (Keynote). In his talk, I look at the daily routine of a personal learner, filled with examples and demonstrations. Tagline during the whole talk will be Connectivism, the importance of a Personal Learning Network and the ARRFF model of learning activities (Aggregate Remodel Repurpose Feed Forward) . To top this off, he’ll also offer insights on some newer technologies and his personal thoughts on the future of learning. Coverage.

  15. A Model of Personal Learning
    May 16, 2017. 1er Simposium Internacional de Investigacion, Desarrolle e Innovacion en la Sociedad Digital, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico (Keynote). I look at the day-to-day routine of a personal learner with examples from my own practice and a live demonstration of learning activities. Through the presentation I explain the philosophy of Connectivism, a learning approach based on developing and growing personal learning networks, and will describe the ARRFF (Aggregate Remodel Repurpose Feed Forward) model of learning activities. Finally, he offer insights regarding some key technologies on the horizon, such as server virtualization and augmented reality, and offer thoughts on the future of online learning.

  16. Open Learning, Open Networks
    Mar 09, 2017. SUNY Open COTE 2017, Syracuse, New York (Keynote). Open online learning entered the mainstream with the growth and popularity of MOOCs, but while interest in open online courses has never been greater MOOCs represent only the first step in a broader open learning infrastructure. In this keynote Stephen Downes will describe several key innovations shaping the future of open learning: distributed social networks, cloud infrastructures and virtualization, immersive reality, and personal learning environments. The talk will outline the challenges this evolving model will pose to learning providers and educational institutions and recommend policies and processes to meet them. Link to hosted video.

  17. Trends in education: Facts, Fads and Fiction
    Nov 26, 2016. Digital trends challenging learning and training in the workplace, Belgium Network for Open and Distance Learning, Brussels, Belgium (Keynote). This talk looks at a number of current trends in online learning and sorts then according to their likelihood of success. In general, those that depend on significant human intervention - such as, for example, creating competency definitions - are expected to be failures. The distinction between learning as a path and learning as an environment is discussed. In the video, Wilfred Rubins speaks first; my talk begins at 1:01:00   After the talk, we held an afternoon workshop in the BeODL offices.

  18. Personal Learning and Assessment
    Nov 07, 2016. Regional Forum on ICTs in Higher Education of the Arab States, UNESCO, Beirut, Lebanon (Keynote). Panel discussion covering various aspects of personal learning and issues related to assessment. Talks are in English, French and Arabic. I argue against the 'gap' analysis of learning, contrast 'personalization' with an alternative based on meeting one's own objectives and goals, and describe a model of learning achievement based on sharing, contributing and co-creating.

  19. Theories of learning – epistemology of connectivism
    Nov 07, 2016. Regional Forum on ICTs in Higher Education of the Arab States, UNESCO, Beirut, Lebanon (Keynote). Presentation of major branches of epistemology, placing connectivism into this content, and then describing learning theories in this framework. This becomes a basis for a discussion of the process of learning underlying learning technologies, from which, ultimately, a learning technology value chain is presented.

  20. Learning Communities
    Oct 13, 2016. Extended Virtual Symposium , MOOCs4All, Online, Via Adobe Connect and YouTube Live (Keynote). Presented at MOOCs4All. In this discussion I discuss the thinking behind our MOOCs, personal learning environments and connectivism and consider the question of how we know whether the method is working, how we know whether it is effective. Presented online via Adobe Connect and simulcast (using xSplit) to YouTube Live. Above is the Adobe Connect recording. Also you can view the xSplit recording to YouTube Live from the presenter screen (doesn't show screen shares, because that's how Connect rolls).

  21. The MOOC Identity: Designing Learning Environments
    Sept 09, 2016. International MOOC Colloquium, U di Napoli Federico II, Anacapri, Italy (Keynote). In this presentation I place the development of the MOOC in the context of innovative and transformational change. I then describe what will need to take place in  MOOCs to support tranformational change - connectivist design, personal learning, and a distributed ecosystem.

  22. The Role of Incremental and Transformative Change in Future Prediction
    Aug 03, 2016. Campus Technology 2016, Campus Technology Magazine, Boston, Massachusetts (Keynote). This presentation addresses change, innovation and transformation from the perspective of educational technology. It examines causes and drivers of change and discusses how campus technologists can best plan for, and react to, changing technology and educational needs. This address was covered by several press outlets, including Campus Technology magazine, eCampus News, and EdSurge. 

  23. Disruptive Innovations in Learning
    Jul 27, 2016. TCU International e-Learning Conference 2016 , Thailand Cyber University, Thailand Ministry of Education, Bangkok, Thailand (Keynote). In this presentation I outline the characteristics of innovation and consider them in the light of educational technology. I survey some major innovations and question them from the perspective of idea, benefit and execution. Then I look at the changing nature of benefits in education and take learning beyond innovation and into transformation.

  24. Connectivism, MOOCs and Innovation
    Jul 25, 2016. MOOC and Innovation Conference, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand (Keynote). In this presentation I outline the major elements of connectivism as a learning theory, show how this informed the development and design of our massive open online courses (MOOCs), and then discuss the role played by open educational resources in a learning community. Video of the talk is available here.

  25. The importance of faculty in the higher education experience
    Jul 04, 2016. Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Mexico City, Mexico (Keynote). The shape of learning is changing with online learning and connective technology creating a new role for students as shapers and creators of knowledge in their own right. Now with the lecture being replaced with online videos and class discussion moving to locations like Facebook and Twitter, what role does the faculty play? How do they remain relevant in a world shaped by publishers and learning management systems? In this talk I focus on this question and offer insights about the future of online learning. View full text of speaking notes.

  26. New Trends in Online Learning
    Jun 08, 2016. Atlantic Universities and Colleges Technology Conference, Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick, via WebX (Keynote). This presentation outlines six major trends in online learning technology: machine learning and artificial intelligence; handheld and mobile computing; badges and blockchain; internet of things; games, sims and virtual reality; and translation and collaborative technology. It then assesses the impact of these new technologies on education, describing a personal, self-managed and activity-based system of learning and development.

  27. The Final Frontier: Space
    Jun 03, 2016. SALTISE, l'Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, Quebec (Keynote). I compare two metaphors for learning: first, time, as the dominant metaphor, which is a linear and ordered progression toward a goal; and second, space, which is a non-linear exploration of a domain. I also examine the sort of tools. technologies and learning supports we should be thinking about when think of learning from a space-based perspective.

  28. Extending Moodle
    May 19, 2016. Moodle CONNECT - CONNECTER Moodle, Canada School of Public Service, Gatineau, Quebec (Keynote). Discussion of some major trends of recent years, how these have impacted Moodle (including a discussion of some Moodle extensions addressing them) and some observations about future trends that will impact how Moodle developers will want to adapt the technology in the future.

  29. Personal and Personalized Learning
    Apr 21, 2016. Spring VirtCon, Discovery Education Network, Washington D.C. (Keynote). In this presentation I outline the major differences between personal and personalized learning. "In the case of personal learning, the role of the educational system is not to provide learning, it is to support learning. Meanwhile, the decisions about what to learn, how to learn, and where to learn are made outside the educational system, and principally, by the individual learners themselves."

  30. From Individual to Community: The Learning Is in the Doing
    Mar 19, 2016. World Congress on Continuing Professional Development, Society for Academic Continuing Medical Education, San Diego, California (Keynote). In this presentation I begin with the assertion that learning is personal, distinguish 'personal' from 'personalized' as being based in personal practice, describe practice in a learning network, and show how progress and evaluation through practice is based on performance in authentic communities.

  31. Virtual Worlds on the Go
    Mar 13, 2016. VWBPE16, Virtual Worlds Best Practices in Education, Online, via AvaCon (Keynote). In this presentation I speculate about the future of virtual worlds in learning when they are mixed with mobile devices and performance support systems. Presented inside a virtual world using AvaCon.

  32. The Future of Educational Media
    Mar 05, 2016. Educational Technology Summit, Eğitim Teknolojileri Zirvesi, Istanbul, Turkey (Keynote). In this talk I look at some of the common tropes of the 'future' of educational media - learning analytics, mobile, etc. - and offer criticisms and an alternative account.

  33. Programme Systèmes d’aide à l’apprentissage et au rendement (SAAR)
    Nov 20, 2015. Organisation internationale de la francophonie, Organisation internationale de la francophonie, Carthage, Tunisia (Keynote). Slides in English, audio en français. This is a brief presentation of the Learning and Performance Support program, especially with respect to MOOCs and OERs, underway at the National Research Council. I outline the concept from the perspective of the personal learning record, showing how the personal graph is created by aggregating resources and activities, and the set of tools associated with the personal graph is used to access learning opportunities such as MOOCs and open educational resources.

  34. Imagining Canada's Future
    Nov 17, 2015. SSHRC Fall Conference: Imagining Canada's Future, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC), Ottawa, Ontario (Keynote). Talk I gave at SSHRC's Fall Forum called Imaging Canada's Future. No slides for this one; I worked off a set of notes. I introduced some overall thoughts about talking about the future, described some of the 'same old ways' we think about the future and meeting future needs, and then suggests that what we should really be learning from the 21st century is that knowledge is complex, fluid, changing, and not usefully described in terms of rules, facts, principles, and outcomes. To support this I quoted from a number of the presentations attendees had just seen, including one showing that we learn language by 'learning the rhythm', and another showing that spatial skills are the best predictor of mathematical ability.

  35. Personal Learning in Virtual Environments
    Nov 13, 2015. VI Jornadas pedagógicas en tecnología e innovación educativa, Universidad Casa Grande, Guayaquil, Guayaquil, Ecuador (Keynote). Presentation in English, with translation in Spanish. In this presentation I discuss the foundation of MOOCs in an approach based in experiential learning, as opposed to more traditional content-based learning. I outline the development of the technology to support the MOOC and from this describe the architecture of the Learning and Performance Support system, along with simulations and immersive technology being developed at the National Research Council.

  36. Personal Learning in the Workplace
    Sept 07, 2015. AMEE 2015, Association of Medical Educators of Europe , Glasgow, Scotland (Keynote). In this presentation I draw the distinction between personalized learning and personal learning, arguing that the latter emphasizes environment and affordances, while the former emphasizes content and testing. I describe examples of experiential learning such as the NeuroTouch Simulator built by NRC and discuss how the same approach informs the creation of the MOOC. I conclude by explaining the development of the Learning and Performance Support system as a personal learning environment. There's a video here but I don't have the password.

  37. The MOOC Ecosystem
    Sept 06, 2015. Association of Medical Educators of Europe (AMEE) E-Learning Symposium, Association of Medical Educators of Europe, Glasgow, Scotland (Keynote). The MOOC ecosystem is presented as a series of magnitudes akin to Ray Eames's  1977 'Powers of Ten' video, beginning from the original MOOC of 2000 people, through to a MOOC world of 2 billion people, and back down to the synapse at 0.00002 people. The talk looks at the interactions between the levels and challeges the 'educationist' presumptions of reduction and representation (pace Quine).

  38. MOOCS and Social Learning Networks
    Jul 21, 2015. MOOCs Y Aprendiazaje en Redes Sociales, Escola Técnica Superior de Enxeñaría, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (Keynote). In this presentation I look at the intersection of MOOCs and social learning networks by looking at the various aspects of openness in MOOCs - open admissions, open content, open instruction, open assessment - and considering how they change when applied to networks and to social networks.

  39. Open Education and Personal Learning
    Apr 23, 2015. Open Education Global, Open Education Consortium, Banff, Alberta (Keynote). In this presentation I outline major aspects of the learning and performance support systems (LPSS) program as it relates to open education environments. In particular I focus on understanding OERs as words, aggregating and analyzing OERs, data representation, and learner production and sharing of OERs. I conclude with a number of brief case studies of how work in LPSS supports this perspective.  Full paper available here:

  40. What is Innovation in Education?
    Mar 30, 2015. ‘Education day 2015: festival of innovation in education, Artevend University College, Ghent, Belgium (Keynote). In this presentation I look at what innovation and progress in education really look like, focusing on the benefits they produce rather than elements of novelty and fads. Live Stream (Silverlight, so I can't show it on this page). Note that while the video starts without audio, the sound starts after a few minutes.

  41. Learning and Connectivism in MOOCs
    Mar 16, 2015. 1º Simpósio brasileiro sobre novas tecnologias educacionais, Hackademia, Online, to Brazil (Keynote). In this presentation I argue that learning a domain is like learning a language (as opposed to remembering facts and content) and presupposes the learning of various literacies; the talk then outlines the major literacies MOOCs are designed to support. See also this.

  42. Design Elements in a Personal Learning Environment
    Mar 04, 2015. 4th International Conference e-Learning and Distance Education, National e-Learning Center KSA, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Keynote). In this talk I address the core design elements in the development of a personal learning architecture being developed in the National Research Council's Learning and Performance Support Systems program. This program was developed and approved to address the issue of skills shortages in technical and professional industries in Canada. Please also see the supporting paper submitted for this talk. Also there are alternative PDF slides for this presentation.

  43. New Learning, New Society
    Feb 23, 2015. Chang School Talks 2015, The G. Raymond Chang School of Continuing Education, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario (Keynote). Talk given to the Chang School at Ryerson University outline the weakness of traditional models of online learning and arguing instead for a student-centered and self-organized system.

  44. Developing Personal Learning
    Dec 20, 2014. 6th IEEE International Conference on Technology for Education, Amrita University, Kerala, Kerala, India, online via A-View (Keynote). In this online presentation I discuss the evolution of personal learning technology and then itemize in more detail the elements of the NRC Learning and Performance Support Systems program, including the personal learning record, personal cloud, resource repository network, competency detection and recognition, and personal learning assistant.

  45. Beyond Borders: Global Learning in a Networked World
    Nov 02, 2014. Unbordering Education, Tumo Center for Creative Technologies, KASA Swiss Humanitarian Foundation, Yerevan, Armenia (Keynote). In this talk I address the phenomenon of open online learning, and in particular the massive open online course (MOOC), and discusses how it opens new frontiers in learning. Through their use of open educational resources and a student-centered pedagogy, MOOCs make learning accessible to people no matter where they live. This is resulting in the transformation of the global education system such that advanced and formal learning is becoming increasingly accessible and affordable. In this talk I talks about the transformation of educational systems talking place, the policy implications of open online learning, and the practical implementation of open online courses.

  46. Creating a Learning Network
    Oct 07, 2014. 20º CIAED - Congresso Internacional ABED de Educação a Distância, Associação Brasileira de Educação a Distância, Curitiba, Brazil (Keynote). In this presentation I describe in detail how I created Ed Radio, OLDaily, the first MOOCs, and how I am taking the same distributed and networked approach to develop a personal learning network known as LPSS.

  47. Personal Learning in a Connected World: Learning and Performance Support Systems
    Sept 18, 2014. Future of E-Learning Environments, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Keynote). This presentation outlines the NRC's Learning and Performance Support Systems program as an instance of a personal learning environment. It situates this program in a context where education depends on the development and refinement of critical literacies, which are in turn fostered by the interactive and communicative capacities of the PLE.

  48. Learning and Connectivism in MOOCs
    Sept 11, 2014. Desconectado IV Encuentro Internacional de Investigadores en EducaciÓn Virtual, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira , Pereira, Colombia (Keynote). In this presentation I examine the phenomenon of MOOCs as I see them, explaining how they result from and support an understanding of the world based in pattern recognition. The presentation is structured along the lines of the six major elements of the underlying literacies of network interaction.

  49. Beyond Assessment - Recognizing Achievement in a Networked World
    Jul 11, 2014. 12th ePortfolio, Open Badges and Identity Conference , University of Greenwich, Greenwich, UK (Keynote). ePortfolios and Open Badges are only the first wave in what will emerge as a wider network-based form of assessment that makes tests and reviews unnecessary. In this talk I discuss work being done in network-based automated competency development and recognition, the challenges it presents to traditional institutions, and the opportunities created for genuinely autonomous open learning.

  50. Beyond Free - Open Learning in a Networked World
    Jul 08, 2014. 12th Annual Academic Practise & Technology Conference, University of Greenwich, Greenwich, UK (Keynote). The evolution of open content and open learning are explored in this presentation that seeks to recapture the essence of what it is that a MOOC is designed to do.

  51. The Massive Course Meets the Personal Learner
    Apr 03, 2014. EDUCON2014 – IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, Bogazici University and the IEEE Education Society, Istanbul, Turkey (Keynote). In this talk I discuss the thinking behind the design of MOOCs and explain how these choices lead to the development of a personal learning environment fraework. Quite a bit of this talk is a reworking of 'The MOOC of One' and I'm trying to develop the ideas regarding pedagogy and theories of knowledge more explicitly. No slideshare yet; uploads are being interrupted every 300K or so (Filezilla just reconnects and continues, but Flickr Uploadr and Slidehare can't recover).

  52. The MOOC of One
    Mar 10, 2014. INTED 2014, International Academy of Technology, Education and Development (IATED), Valencia, Spain (Keynote). In this talk I examine the transition from the idea of the massive open online course - MOOC - to the idea of the personal learning environment. In the process of this discussion I question what it is to become 'one' - whether it be one course graduate, one citizen of the community, or one educated person. I argue that (say) 'being a doctor' isn't about having remembered the right content, not about having done the right things, not even about having the right feelings, nor about having the right mental representations - being one is about growing and developing a certain way.

  53. A Personal Learning Framework
    Feb 10, 2014. Connecting Online for Instruction and Learning 2014, WizIQ, Online, via WizIQ (Keynote). In this talk I review two major threads of our work at NRC over the last few years, MOOCs and Personal Learning Environments (PLEs). I describe the gRSShopper project and our Plearn PLE prototype development. Placing these in the context of a network theory of learning, I then outline the new Learning and Performance Support System (LPSS) program being undertaken at NRC. Alternative audio source here.

  54. MOOC – Diversity and Community in Online Learning
    Nov 27, 2013. 26e Entretiens Jacques Cartier, Centre Jacques Cartier, Lyon, France (Keynote). In this presentation I outline the major elelements of a connectivist MOOC, with particular intention to distinguish it from other models of MOOCs, and to make the point that assesssments of quality and effectiveness should be related to the goal of the MOOC model we developed. In addition, in this presentation I address the subjects of diversity and community, and explain why a MOOC should not be thought of as the same thing as a community. Additionally, there was a panel discussion, mostly in French, but with contributuons in English from myself - click here for the audio of the panel. See also this web page - I know there's video out there somewhere...

  55. Open Access and Open Learning
    Oct 25, 2013. Open Access Week, Nova Scotia Community College, Nova Scotia Community College, Online via BB Collaborate (Keynote). Over time, as resources have become more open, open learning has come to mean a form of learning where students can pick their own resources, identify their own learning goals, and set their own pace. More recently open learning has come to include concepts like open assessments and open credentials. In this talk, open learning advocate and pioneer I discuss the evolution of open learning, highlighting the vital role played by open access, and discuss current and future trends, including massive open online courses (MOOCs), learning analytics, and personal learning environments.

  56. Supporting a Distributed Online Course
    Oct 14, 2013. Information Technology Based Higher Education and Training ITHET 2013, UNESCO Chair on Mechatronics of Bogazici University, Istanbul, Antalya, Turkey (Keynote). In this presentation I summarize the major elements of a massive open online course, with an emphasis on openness, then I outline and describe the gRSShopper application used to develop and deploy the cMOOCs we have run. The presentation as a result emphasizes the differences between CMOOCs and xMOOCs. Finally, I talk a bit about technologies that will impact the development of MOOCs in the future, such as personal learning, authentication, and the personal cloud.

  57. What Are Cultures of Learning?
    Sept 12, 2013. ALT-C, Association for Learning Technologies, Nottingham, UK (Keynote). In the previous three days delegates will have explored all aspects of cultures of learning, ranging from digital literacies to learning landscapes, classroom environments, VLEs and open courses. But beyond examining the leaves and the trees, what can we say of the forest? A culture of learning – and for that matter, a learning culture – is composed of more than classes and schools and subjects, it is composed of the attitudes and enquiries of a culture of experimentation, curiosity, and quirkiness. In this closing keynote presentation, Stephen Downes will outline the framework of a culture of learning, identifying from examples and experiences the fundamental values that must be modeled and demonstrated by society's leaders, and will comment on implications to practice, research and policy.

  58. The Semantic Condition: Connectivism and Open Learning
    Jul 11, 2013. Instituto Iberoamericano de TIC y Educación – IBERTIC, Organizacion de Estados Iberoamericanos, Online via Adobe Connect to Madrid and Buenos Aires (Keynote). In this talk I talk about the four major conditions, and four major design parameters, of massive open online courses - diversity, autonomy, openness and interactivity. In particular, I respond to a paper from Jenny Mackness, Roy Williams and Sui Fai John Mak called The Ideas and Reality of Participating in a MOOC. True, the paper is three years old, but I've always felt it deserved a considered response, and it provided an excellent platform for this talk. There is also a Q&A session, which I recorded, with audio available here.

  59. Free Learning and the Wealth of Nations
    Jun 28, 2013. Encuentro Internacional de Educación 2012 - 2013, Telefonica Foundation, Caracas, Venezuela (Keynote). In ths presentation I focus on the role of teachers in MOOCs, talking about what we do, and why we do it. The talk outlines the design and construction of MOOCs, and looks at the approach to learning the use of MOOCs supports. Video features a Spanish translation. There is also audio of a question and answer session that followed.

  60. What Constitutes Student Success?
    Jun 21, 2013. Online Teaching Conference, California Community Colleges, Long Beach, California (Keynote). In this presentation I address the evaluation of student success in a MOOC environment, challenging the idea that success can be measured by such things as completion rates and test scores, and offering an alternative network-based mechanism of assessing success.

  61. MOOC - La résurgence de la communauté dans l'apprentissage en ligne
    May 30, 2013. REFAD, le Réseau d'enseignement francophone à distance du Canada, Edmunston, NB (Keynote). Downloads: full text in English, full text en français. Dans cette présentation, Stephen Downes aborde la question à savoir comment les MOOC (massive open online courses) influenceront l'avenir de la formation à distance. La présentation examine de façon détaillée la nature et l'objectif des MOOC comparativement à l'enseignement traditionnel à distance. Il soutient que les MOOC représentent la résurgence de l'apprentissage communautaire et décrira comment les institutions d'éducation à distance partageront les MOOC entre elles et renforceront les interactions en ligne grâce à des services et des ressources communautaires.

  62. Against Digital Research Methodologies
    May 10, 2013. Digital Research Methodologies, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK, via Skype (Keynote). This is a description of my approach to research, based on problems inherent in traditional descriptions of scientific method, and the ways I have adapted my own work to compensate. It is a research process more like discovery, more like learning a language, than it is about forming hypotheses and confirming theories. Please note that the video was created May 9, 2013, one day ahead of the presentation, and that the audio is from the presentation itself, May 10, 2013. Both use the same slides. This event was funded by the ESRC Digital Social Research Fund administered by the University of Oxford.

  63. We don’t need no educator: The role of the teacher in today’s online education
    Feb 15, 2013. Utdanningskonferansen 2013, HiOA Directorate, Bergen, Norway (Keynote). This presentation, delivered in Bergen, Norway, describes the changing nature of online learning with the introduction of massive open online courses, and in that context describes and explains the changing roles of the educator.

  64. MOOCs and OERs
    Feb 06, 2013. Conference Santiago de Compostela, Área de Tecnología Educativa, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, via Hangout (Keynote). Overview of some of the early MOOCs we created, along with some more extended duscussion of the design principles we employed in creating MOOCs. Video (Vimeo) is titled Videoconferencia de Stephen Downes. I Congreso Internacional "Conocimiento, tecnologías y enseñanza" and is a Spanish translation of the talk (for English listen to the audio recording) (for Spanish audio click here).

  65. The Virtual Learning Organization
    Dec 06, 2012. Ibague Primer Congreso de Pedagogía y TIC, Universidad de Ibagué, Ibague, Colombia (Keynote). I discuss the concept of the virtual learning organization from three perspectives: first, as an organization that manages virtual learning; second, as a learning organization that is virtual; and third, the virtual organization that learns. In the new world of virtual learning we need to have elements of all three. Alternative video source. More information. Local news coverage.

  66. The LMS and the MOOC
    Nov 23, 2012. MoodleMootUY, Universidad de la República Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay (Keynote). Keynote on the topic of the LMS and the MOOC model. Abstract: "With the widespread adoption of the massive open online course (MOOC) over the last year, questions are now being raised about the role of a learning management system (LMS) such as Moodle. Where previously the focus was on the management of course materials and cohorts progressing according to predefined objectives and curricula, the learning environment of the future is more open-ended and less overtly managed. In this talk Stephen Downes, one of the originators of the MOOC format, describes the differences between types of MOOCs, compares them to the LMS, and outlines the changes LMSs such as Moodle are looking at in the future." Conference report.

  67. Sustainability and MOOCs in Historical Perspective
    Nov 15, 2012. Simposio Internacional Estado Actual Y Prospectiva De La Educacion Virtual, Asociación Colombiana de Instituciones de Educación Superior con Programas a Distancia y Virtual, Bogota, Colombia (Keynote). Overview of the historical factors leading to the development of massive open online courses, and discussion of what this history can tell us of the sustainability of MOOCs in the future. Image: Dr. Mauricio Alvarado, rector de la CUN y presidente de ACESAD,  Stephen Downes, conferenciante, Dr. Luis Bengochea, conferenciante y Dr. Néstor Arboleda, director ejecutivo de ACESAD

  68. L'apprentissage ouvert et les affaires
    Nov 01, 2012. Forum sur l'économie du savoir, Université de Moncton, Edmunston, via Google Hangout (Keynote). Talk given en français on the subject of open learning, MOOCs and the lessons for small and medium businesses. Full text of the talk is available here. Sadly, the video shows only the remote audience, not the speaker and slides.

  69. The Connective Learning Environment
    Oct 08, 2012. Tele-TASK Symposium, Hasso Plattner Institut, Potsdam, Germany (Keynote). Overview of the model of learning informing the design of the first MOOCs, including a look at some aspects of the gRSShopper software we have been using to support the MOOCs. There is video on the website (but no easy way to show it here).

  70. Learning in a Digital Age: The reality and the myth
    Apr 13, 2012. Learning and Teaching in a Digital Age: Myths and Reality, Estonian e-Learning Development Centre, Tallinn, Estonia (Keynote). In this presentation I look at the positive side of myths, not focusing on the fact that they are untrue, but finding in them the way we create our own reality, project our own future, and talk to each other. If you are viewing the slides on SlideShare note that there are extensive notes on the slides.

  71. Education as Platform: The MOOC Experience and what we can do to make it better
    Mar 14, 2012. EdgeX, EDGE Forum, Delhi, India (Keynote). In this presentation I outline the motivation and design of the massive open online course (MOOC) and then outline a number of criticisms of the form as it has evolved thus far. My argument is that to the extent that a MOOC focuses on content, like a traditional course, it begins to fail. A MOOC should focus on the connections, not the content. I outline some ways of focusing on connections, using connectors. By way of an example, I discuss structured connections such as chess games and budget simulations. Full text is available: Click here.

  72. E-Learning: Générations
    Feb 14, 2012. Clair 2012, Centre d'@pprentissage du Haut-Madawaska, Clair, New Brunswick (Keynote). Presented in French / Presenté en français Ces dernières années, j'ai travaillé sur deux grands concepts: d'abord, la théorie de l'apprentissage en ligne connectivist, qui considère l'apprentissage comme un processus de réseau et, deuxièmement, le massif cours ouverts en ligne, ou MOOC, qui est une instanciation de ce processus. Ceux-ci, cependant, ne représentent que la plus récente de ce qui peut être vu comme une série de «générations» de e-learning. Dans cet exposé, je décris ces générations et je discute de la façon dont ils ont conduit à, et sont une partie de, l'œuvre le plus récente dans l'apprentissage en ligne. (In recent years I have been working on two major concepts: first, the connectivist theory of online learning, which views learning as a network process; and second, the ...

  73. Engagement and Motivation in MOOCs
    Nov 23, 2011. CQU OLT Educational Technology, Central Queensland University, Online to Queensland, via WebX (Keynote). In this presentation I look at the issues of engagement and motivation in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). I outline the development of MOOCs and some of the features that make them distinct from traditional courses. Then I look at some of the literature regarding online student engagement, and apply that with respect to MOOCs. I find that many traditional measures - such as counting attendance or page views - do not account for the sort of engagement we'd like to see, and is demonstrated for example in ds106. In addition, provision of the ability to determine one's own educational path or even to satisfy one's other motivations, may be necessary, but are not sufficient, to support motivation in MOOCs. In the end I consider the example of how motivation is created in gaming environments, and wonder whether MOOCs need challenges and the possibility of failure in order to stimulate student engagement. Please note that the video is a short 5-minute promo, and is not the ...

  74. We don’t need no educator: The role of the teacher in today’s online education
    Nov 13, 2011. NFF konferansen: Utdanning i bevegelse, Norsk forbund for fjernundervisning og fleksibel utdanning, Oslo, Norway (Keynote). How often do we read about the importance of teachers in education? It must be every day, it seems. We are told about "strong empirical evidence that teachers are the most important school-based determinant of student achievement" again and again. The problem with the educational system, it is argued, is that teachers need to be held accountable. We are told we must fire incompetent teachers. Not just in the United States, but in the UK and elsewhere, the concern is that bad teachers must go. The problem with focusing on the role of the teacher, from my perspective, is that it misses the point. Though there may still be thousands of people employed today with the job title of "teacher" or "educator", it is misleading to suggests that all, or even most, aspects of providing an education should, or could, be placed into the hands of these individuals.

  75. Social Network Technologies for Learning (2)
    Oct 29, 2011. Competencia Digital Docente en la enseñanza de español, Instituto Cervantes, New York City (Keynote). A slightly revised version of the presentation on Social Networks given the previous day. The audio, however, is very different. Abstract: In this presentation, Stephen Downes offers an inside look at these technologies, how they work, what they can do, and where they will likely lead the future of learning online. Downes will first outline some well-known technologies such as YouTube, Facebook and Twitter, describing how they are used and outlining how they manage online communication in general.

  76. Social Network Technologies for Learning
    Oct 27, 2011. Competencia Digital Docente en la enseñanza de español, Instituto Cervantes, Providence, Rhode Island (Keynote). Social network technologies are reforming the way we communicate with each other inside and outside our learning environments. In this presentation, Stephen Downes offers an inside look at these technologies, how they work, what they can do, and where they will likely lead the future of learning online. Downes will first outline some well-known technologies such as YouTube, Facebook and Twitter, describing how they are used and outlining how they manage online communication in general.

  77. Public Support for Free Learning: A Policy Framework
    Oct 24, 2011. VLHORA - studiedag 'The Education Highway', Vlaamse Hogescholenraad, Flemish Parliament, Brussels, Belgium (Keynote). In this talk I make the case for a community-based model of learning, where courses are structured as connectivist networks, describe some of the thinking behind the model, and outline a policy framework for the support of free learning.

  78. Connectivist Learning: How new technologies are promoting autonomy and responsibility in education
    Oct 21, 2011. XII Congresso Internacional de Teoria de la Educacion, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain (Keynote). In this presentation I discuss the topic of autonomy as it relates to connectivism. I begin by making a case for autonomy, and then apply the four-factor model of autonomy to connectivist practice.

  79. Connectivism and Personal Learning
    Oct 17, 2011. Charles University Prague, Charles University Prague, Online, vie DimDim, to Prague (Keynote). Connectivism as a pedagogical theory is typically thought of in terms of networks – the making and traversing of connections. But the major practical implication of connectivism occurs in the organization of learning events and resources. Unlike traditional educational modalities, in which people work collaboratively, in a connectivist model, people work cooperatively.

  80. MOOC 2011: The Massive Open Online Course in Theory and in Practice
    Sept 06, 2011. IV Innovar para Trascender Simposio de la COMINAIC, Instituciones de Educación Superior (ANUIES), Guadalajara, Mexico (Keynote). In this presentation I set the MOOC within the context of the objectives of this symposium on curriculum design, provide an outline of the history of the MOOC, and use that history to create a description of MOOCs. See also The MOOC Guide.

  81. After Moodle
    May 04, 2011. Moodle Moot Canada 2011, The Technology Enhanced Knowledge Research Institute at Athabasca University , Edmonton, Alberta (Keynote). In this talk I discuss what will be coming 'After Moodle' by means of a discussion of open learning, connectivism, and personal learning environments, including the sharing of some of what we experienced in massive open online courses.

  82. The role of open educational resources in personal learning environments
    Apr 29, 2011. Center for Distance Education 2011, Empire State College Centre for Distance Learning, Saratoga Springs, New York (Keynote). In this presentation, and in the Informal Discussion which followed, I looked at three major themes: personal learning environments, connectivism and open learning, and argued that each of these three needs the other two.

  83. exploring the o-rizon of online learning
    Apr 14, 2011. Professional Development Forum - Exploring the e-Horizons of Open Learning, Central Regional TAFE, Western Australia, Western Australia, via Elluminate (Keynote). In this talk I look at the history of open learning and open educational resources and trace through the three (or four) states of openness in learning.

  84. Beyond Workplace Learning
    Apr 05, 2011. Swiss eLearning Conference #SeLC11, LerNetz AG, Zurich, Switzerland, online via IPMediaSuite (Keynote). Short presentation in which I outline the elements of the classical approach to workplace learning that can be and are being challenged by new forms of enterprise organization and workplace learning. (p.s. I have to own up to what I think was a poor answer to the question after the talk - on reflection, in response to the question of how managers ensure learning results, instead of saying it's impossible to manage and impossible to ascribe specific effect to specific causes, I should have talked about open work environments.)

  85. The Role of Open Educational Resources in Personal Learning
    Mar 29, 2011. Adult Learning Online Conference, NorQuest and Bow Valley College, Calgary, via Adobe Connect (Keynote). In this talk, I argue that rather than think of OERs as content objects, containing knowledge and information intended for transfer to the student, OERs should be thought of as the raw material a learner works with through the practice of managing their own learning. More specifically, the role of open educational resources is to function as a vocabulary of multimedia 'words' with which learners converse with each other and with experts in the field. The main emphasis of this presentation is to speak of the role of OERs in the development of learning networks - these networks that are the characteristic result of conversations, and in which our academic and scientific communities are contained. This talk blends the point made in my recent Girona talk with the longer analysis of my 'Speaking in LOLcats' talks.

  86. Supporting an Open Learning Network
    Mar 29, 2011. V Jornadas SIG Libre, Universitat de Girona, Girona, Spain (Keynote). In this talk I outline definitions of open as they relate to open educational resources, cover some areas of OERs, and introduce alternative ways to think about OERs. Alternative slides, with videos, actually used during the talk: vid slides.

  87. Educational Projection: Supporting Distributed Learning Online
    Mar 15, 2011. II Conferencia Internacional e-Learning 2011, ITMadrid – IT Business School, Madrid, via GoToMeeting (Keynote). With the development of the personal learning environment, the open online course, and informal learning outside the institution, teachers and professors may be wondering what they can do to support education in this new environment. In this talk we will examine the mechanisms educational providers and institutions can employ in order to project learning resources and services into the community and workplace where they are needed. The talk will focus first on the principles of educational projection, and then discuss practical mechanisms, such as cloud services, event amplification and content curation.

  88. Networked Learning: Making the Best Use of What We've Already Got
    Feb 25, 2011. Emerging Social Technology UK, Heriot Watt University, Dundee, Scotland via Skype, (Keynote). How to use easily available tools to deliver presentations and support learning online. If you're still posting course content into your LMS, you're doing it wrong Online learning isn't about pushing content – it's about engaging, interacting, doing.

  89. The Role of the Educator in the Digital World
    Nov 30, 2010. TasEDay, Skills Tasmania and the Australian Flexible Learning Framework, Hobart, Tasmania, via Skype and (Keynote). In this presentation I argue that the role of the educator should be unbundled and treated as a set of more specific roles. A total of 23 different roles are identified and described. I also argue that we should consider organizing our educational system around the idea of provisioning lecturers, coordinators, mentors, etc. A transcript used to deliver this talk is available here.

  90. The Future of Open Educational Resources
    Oct 26, 2010. Open Educational Resources in the disciplines: a joint Academy Subject Strand conference , Newcastle University, London, UK, via video (Keynote). I produced a video for this conference, which was shown over the lunch hour. If I ever find it, I'll post it here. Otherwise, I have no slides, no audio, nothing.

  91. Dimensions of a Learning Network
    Oct 25, 2010. XXVI Simposio Internacional de Computación en la Educación 2010, Sociedad Mexicana de computación en la Educación, SOMECE, Monterrey, Mexico (Keynote). Reprise of the talk I gave in Vancouver, with some additional examples and extended descriptions. The talk is an overview of the concept of learning networks, describing how the theories about self-organizing networks describe how we learn, and how we can organize learning.

  92. Learning to Learn
    Jun 03, 2010. DeLC Forum, Humber College, Toronto, Ontario (Keynote). Slides, audio and video from my talk in Toronto. This is a presentation of some recent work I've been involved in, including Synergic3, PLE and Plearn, the connectivism course, and the critical literacies course. Also some content on how to learn, which was not actually presented during the talk. There's also a UStream video available of the talk, here.

  93. Personal Learning Environments
    Apr 22, 2010. Interactive Technology in Education - conference , Hämeen kesäyliopisto (Häme Summer University), Hämeenlinna, Finland, by Video (Keynote). I created this video for my keynote in Hämeenlinna, Finland, because of course I could not attend because of the volcano. It described the major elements of the PLE system and talks about the environment and learning theory behind the PLE. Click here for a PDF transcript of the talk. (Video was on Blip, I have a copy I'll upload)

  94. The Experience of Learning
    Mar 12, 2010. 3rd Annual Virtual Worlds Best Practices in Education Conference, Virtual Worlds Best Practices in Education, Second Life (Keynote). This short talk summarizes the pedagogical model of personal learning that to me underlies the design of connectivist learning network methodologies. The presentation itself echoes some recent themes, while the questions took me into some very new ground reflecting on the learning experience itself. Part of the Networked Connectivism, Distributed cognition and PLNS panel at the Virtural Worlds Best Practices in Education conference hosted by Beth Davies (SL name: Michigan Paul). Moderator: LoriVonne Lustre. No slides; audio only.

  95. Trends in Personal Learning 2
    Feb 09, 2010. Trends in e-Learning 2.0, IT Madrid, Online to Madrid, via DimDim (Keynote). Same slides as a few days ago, but the audio is very different, as this was a formal presentation. As before, I outline the major trends in personal learning that we are seeing in technology today, and I more clearly draw the connections between some of the separate trends - for example, personal creativity, interaction and networking, and simulation and immersion. Audio at Excellent sound quality.

  96. Pedagogical Foundations For Personal Learning
    Jan 11, 2010. Learning Futures Festival, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK., via Elluminate (Keynote). In this talk I outline the differences between learning using a personal learning environment (PLE) and learning in an LMS. I argue that a PLE does what an LMS cannot do - it is designed to stimulate learning through an immersion into a community, as opposed to learning via presentation of facts. Pedagogy thus becomes the facilitation of skills for participation in such communities, which I tie to my critical literacy framework.

  97. Beyond Management: The Personal Learning Environment
    Dec 03, 2009. IV Jornada del Programa Compartim de Gestió del Coneixement, Departament de Justícia, Generalitat de Catalunya., Barcelona, Spain (Keynote). Reprise of my presentation from a few months earlier. In this presentation, I mix the presentation of the theory - chaos, complexity and mesh networks - with the practical technical development leading toward the personal learning environment.

  98. The Role of Open Educational Resources in Personal Learning
    Dec 01, 2009. International Seminar on Open Social Learning (OSL), Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), Barcelona, Spain (Keynote). The role of open educational resources is to function as a vocabulary in which we converse. The main emphasis of this presentation was to speak of their role in the development of networks - these networks are the characteristic result of conversations.

  99. The Cloud and Collaboration
    Sept 06, 2009. Ars Electronica Symposium on Cloud Intelligence, Ars Electronica, Linz, Austria (Keynote). In this presentation I describe the concept of the internet as a form of global consciousness. I look at the idea of human nature as it has traditionally been represented but suggest that a more appropriate model is that of a collection of neurons. With this model I analyse what a global consciousness would look like - not collaboration, as in the organization of a company or a nation, but cooperation, as in the actions of autonomous but interdependent and connected individuals. Text written for the talk is available online (this is not a transcript).

  100. Beyond Management: The Personal Learning Environment
    Jun 24, 2009. Ed Media, Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Honolulu, Hawaii (Keynote). In this presentation, I mix the presentation of the theory - chaos, complexity and mesh networks - with the practical technical development leading toward the personal learning environment. A second audio file is also available.

  101. New Technology Supporting Informal Learning
    May 14, 2009. Challenges 2009, Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal (Keynote). Photo by Storrao Description of the transition from linear adaptive learning systems to open networked based object oriented environments. Overview of the CCK08 online course, and description of the idea behind the PLE. See the paper associated with the presentation (note that the presentation actually delivered differs from the paper). See also this short video clip of part of the talk.

  102. Social Media for Journalists
    May 02, 2009. Atlantic Journalism Awards, Université de Moncton, Moncton (Keynote). Discussion of social media with and for journalists in Atlantic Canada.

  103. Providing Learning in Social Networks
    Apr 16, 2009. Symposium on Advanced Learning Technologies, Department of National Defense, Canada, Gagetown, NB (Keynote). Overview of the network approach to learning. New material, new slides. I place network learning in perspective with games and simulations, and describe it as an approach to be taken when we don't know what we want our students to learn (eg., in a complex or changing environment). I then overview the Connectivism course and gRSShopper. I then talk about future work, such as serialized feeds, the personal learning environment, and state based learning design. First 30 seconds of so (the intro) are low volume; the rest is fine. Note that PDF slides are 75 megabytes (I don't know why). More austere PowerPoint slides are available, as well as the originals created on a Mac (will not load all images in Windows).

  104. Personal Professional Development
    Apr 01, 2009. LearnX, LearnX, Sydney, Australia (Keynote). Talk on how to manage your own learning and development, given at LearnX in Sydney, Australia. Coverage from e-Learning Provocateur Ryan Tracey.

  105. Why Integrate the Internet into the Classroom?
    Dec 18, 2008. PEI Teachers, PEI Teachers, Charlottetown, PEI (Keynote). (Very) lighthearted presentation outlining a set of reasons we should integrate the internet into the classroom. Delivered by Skype. The slides were cartoons drawn on flipcharts and displayed by hand (sadly, I never kept them). I'm not sure who the group was exactly, but I know it was a set of schoolteachers. This talk is very to this talk October 22 of the same year, delivered to a similar audience in PEI (but this one went over a lot better).

  106. Connectivism: A Theory of Personal Learning
    Dec 03, 2008. Educational Development Centre, Carleton University, Ottawa (Keynote). Overview of personal learning and personal learning environments, connectivism, and our experience in the CCK08 course. No audio, unfortunately.

  107. International Perspective
    Oct 31, 2008. Annual Conference 2008, eLearning Alliance, Edinburgh, Scotland, via Elluminate (Keynote). In this presentation by Elluminate to the e-Learning Alliance conference in Edinburgh, Scotland, I run through a fast-paced description of progress in the CCK08 online course thus far, outline my gRSShopper PLE software, and make soe remarks about the future of learning online.

  108. Integrating the Internet Into the Classroom
    Oct 23, 2008. PEITF Annual Convention, PEI Teachers' Federation, Charlottetown, PEI (Keynote). Presentation on why the internet should be integrated into the classroom punctuated in the middle by an argument from a number of teachers in favour of banning communications tools from the classroom. Not sure how well all the audio comes out. You'll definitely hear me, in way-over-amplified voice, wondering why. Slides with all the photos (needed because Mac gibbles PowerPoint files, something they could easily fix but won't) available in a 42 megabyte PDF file here.

  109. Stephen Downes on Connectivism
    Oct 11, 2008. Edcamp 2008, WE Magazine, Germany, via Skype (Keynote). I describe how we set up the CCK08 course, talk about what the students added on, summarize the content of the course thus far, and outline the gRSShopper tool I'm using to do my part. Delivered via Skype to an educamp in Germany. Sorry about the echo in the voice. Links are here. Video is here (and here). No slides.

  110. The National Research Council in New Brunswick
    Oct 06, 2008. Invited Presentation, Correctional Services Canada, Moncton, New Brunswick (Keynote). Overview of the NRC cluster initiative in New Brunswick and NRC projects and initiatives. Some of the slides were provided by various other project leaders. Goals of presentation: to bring our perspective on the impact of ICT on businesses in a rural setting, and to talk about what NRC-IIT is up to (while linking to the main topic.

  111. Personal Learning Environments
    Sept 25, 2008. Brandon Hall Innovations in Learning 2008, Brandon Hall, San Jose, California (Keynote). Discussion of some of the principles of the personal learning environment with a look at my own gRSShopper software as well as the Connectivism online course. Original UStream recording.

  112. How I Know What I Know About The Web
    Sept 09, 2008. iPED International Conference 2008, Coventry University, Coventry, UK, via Skype (Keynote). I ran into time issues in this talk, but still managed to cover the evolution of what we now (loosely) call 'the scientific method' from the original formulation as the HD-Model to scientific communities and society-wide knowing communities.

  113. Free Learning
    Jul 17, 2008. Free Knowledge, Free Technology, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain (Keynote). In this talk I combine my thoughts on freedom and free learning with a discussion of networked learning and connectivism. I additional discuss my reasons for prefering a 'non-commercial' license for educational materials.

  114. The Future of Online Learning - Ten Years On
    Jul 09, 2008. Academic Fest, Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL), Online, from Canary Islands to Madison, Wisconsin (Keynote). I am reworking my paper 'The Future of Online Learning' and this presentation covers thoughts from the first couple of sections of that. It was conducted via Skype (XWindows failed yet again) from an internet access point in a (noisy) hotel in the Canary Islands (which had been as silent as a tomb every day prior to this).

  115. Beyond the Classroom: From Virtual to Reality
    Jun 28, 2008. Congreso Internet en el Aula, El mInistro de Industria, la ministra de Educación, Spain, Madrid, Spain (Keynote). In this presentation I take the ideas from my 2001 presentation 'From Virtual to Reality' and update them for 2008, missing in discussion of social networking and e-learning 2.0 to supplement the basic thesis that online learning moves education of out the text-based language-based classroom and into the community… and thereby makes it more real. Miguel Guhlin summarizes my talk (post now lost). See also a longish post from Dolors Capdet (in Spanish) summarizing the speeches given by the Spanish Ministers of Industry and Education (they directly preceding my talk).

  116. What Learning Design Could Be
    Jun 26, 2008. 2008 European LAMS Conference, LAMS Foundation, Cadiz, Spain (Keynote). Presentation on Learning Design and the LAMS conference in Cadiz, Spain. I outline where learning design is now, identify some presuppositions, show how a web 2.0 approach changes those presuppositions, and then outline collaborative and open design processes using objected oriented games as an example. WMV audio.

  117. The Web of Data: Next Generation Internet Services
    Jun 22, 2008. ResNet 2008, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Keynote). A look at the rapidly evolving world of online data and services, focusing on the way students and technologies have changed, the new attitude of internet access as a given and even a right, the phenomenon of edupunk, people helping each other learn, and learning in a mesh network. Big presentation, lots of examples.  See also this email.

  118. Light, Agile and Flexible: Collaborating the Web 2.0 Way
    Jun 04, 2008. Innovations in e-Learning, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA (Keynote). Somewhat chaotic presentation (I used the conference backchannel chat again) in which I talk about collaboration with respect to web 2.0. Wendy Wickham provides a summary of the session. More from the same conference.

  119. Ten Futures
    May 16, 2008. TLt Summit, Campus Saskatchewan and The Educational Technology Consortium, Saskatoon, SK (Keynote). My presentation at the TLt conference in Saskatoon describing, in the process of sketching ten possible futures, how anyone can predict the future. Attendees did not actually see these slides - they saw artifacts of their own creation posted on the screen. Image: Rodd Lucier.

  120. My Digital Identity
    May 06, 2008. e-Portfolios, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada (Keynote). A scattered presentation that looks at authentication and identification, resource profiles, and e-portfolios. Mixed in with notions of the self, potentiality, historicity, and dimensionality. With a description of OpenID in the middle. The transcript of the talk is available.

  121. Two Approaches to E-Learning
    Apr 19, 2008. EduCamp 2008, Germany, via Skype Video (Keynote). In this Skype talk I looked at two different approaches to learning - the artificial intelligence way, and the connectionist way - and sketched differences between them. I also described how the connectionist principles inform learning design. No slides for this talk; it was recorded at the other end and I'll post video as soon as it's available.

  122. E-Learning 2.0: What It Means, Where It's Going
    Feb 21, 2008. The Business Case for eLearning 2.0, Mzinga, Online - WebX (Keynote). Presentation I did for Mzinga is that (the result of a merger between KnowledgePlanet and Shared Insights). I looked at what e-learning 2.0 means to me personally, then what it means to students in general, and how it shaped learning. I also talked about trends in learning - especially as these new technologies come up against traditional environments. I finished with a quick summary of the underlying technologies.

  123. The Reality of Virtual Learning
    Jan 30, 2008. DNDLearn, Department of National Defense, Cornwall, Ontario (Keynote). What is reality? I look at different ways of asking the question: real vs artificial, real vs fake, real vs virtual, real vs illusory, real vs delusion. I talk about what counts as real in our world, and the role we play in creating reality. I tal;k about how the changing nature of reality also means a changing nature of learning, moving from the idea of remembering content to the idea of creating our own knowledge as we go.

  124. Why Integrate the Internet Into the Classroom?
    Dec 18, 2007. 2007 Conference, PEI Teachers Federation, Charlottetown, PEI, by videoconference (Keynote). I have an audio of this talk but no slides and video (I tried to create video). This talk is about moving ourselves into the internet age. I offer a set of 'reasons' why we should use the internet in the classroom. For example: "Because collaboration on the test is no longer cheating". And "Because you should learn something about Facebook."

  125. Educamp Colombia - Medellin
    Dec 07, 2007. Educamp Colombia - Medellin, Office for the Promotion of Higher Education at the Ministry of Education of Colombia, Medellin, Colombia (Keynote). Audio file is the translated version - Diego Leal introduces the session in English, and then the talk by Stephen Downes is recorded in Spanish. Diego Leal also describes the program in this article. The same slides are used as were used in Bogota two days earlier.

  126. Educamp Colombia - Bogota
    Dec 05, 2007. Educamp Colombia - Bogota, Office for the Promotion of Higher Education at the Ministry of Education of Colombia, Bogota, Colombia (Keynote). Audio file - begins in Spanish as Diego Leal introduces the Educamp. Then there's a delay of several minutes while everyone gets their translation devices. Then Stephen Downes speaks in English. Video in English: my presentation, an overview of network learning and the concepts behind the Educamp. Original Sony .dvf recording.

  127. Learn Yourself
    Nov 22, 2007. Sosiaalinen media opetuksen ja oppimisen tukena (SMOOT), TOP Oppimiskeskus, Finland, Online (Keynote). My presentation to Sosiaalinen media opetuksen ja oppimisen tukena (SMOOT) November 21, 2007. How do you as educators, I ask, create your own learning? How do you create the best learning for yourselves? No audio, sorry.

  128. Free Learning and Control Learning: On the So-Called Failure of Constructivist, Discovery, Problem-Based, Experiential, and Inquiry-Based Teaching
    Nov 13, 2007. SURF Education Days Keynote, SURF, Utrecht, Netherlands (Keynote). My response to Kirshner, Sweller and Clark's paper on the so-called demise of non-instructivist forms of learning. Resources: - here's the Kirschner, Sweller Clark paper I am responding to. - SURF Education Days conference site - my summary of their paper - background readings related to the paper and the issues raised - Respond to criticisms from Kirschner (and a video of the talk) - Transcript of the talk  

  129. Reflections from the 2007 AECT Convention
    Oct 27, 2007. AECT Annual International Convention, Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT), Anaheim, California (Keynote). Closing keynote for AECT in Anaheim. The purpose of this talk was to reflect on the various presentations and events at the conference and think about the major issues raised. I chose to contrast the traditional academic paper with web-enabled forms of communication like the email newsletter. I ask whether there is 'must read' and 'must cite' literature in our discipline, and further, what purpose would it serve?

  130. Second Annual Forum on Creativity
    Oct 26, 2007. AECT Annual International Convention, Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT), Anaheim, California (Keynote). Panel discussion on creativity and especially the teaching of creativity. Issues covered include the question of whether people are born creative and whether people can be trained to be creative, and whether you can test for it. This parallels similar questions of nature versus nurture that come up in, for example, intelligence. Another issue concerns the relation between the information processing model of cognition and creativity - the mechanistic models of cognition we have aren't good at talking about where ideas come from in the first place. There was video, but it appears to be long gone. No slides, but the text of my presentation is available.

  131. A Kaleidoscope of Futures: Reflections on the Reality of Virtual Learning
    Oct 25, 2007. AECT Annual International Convention, Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT), Anaheim, California (Keynote). "The reality is…" The use of 'reality' as a rhetorical device is the enemy of innovation Almost everything that we think is real is actually a construction of inferences and interpretations that we misinterpret as reality. And unfortunately, the belief that we are directly observing and understanding 'reality' discourages us from trying to change it. (There was a video on Google Video but it has vanished; if I find it in my archives I'll repost it).

  132. E-Learning 2.0 in Development
    Sept 25, 2007. Research Innovations in Learning Conference, Brandon Hall Associates, San Jose, California (Keynote). Contrasts the (traditional) AI approach to learning with the Connectivist alternative. In a similar manner, contrasts traditional network semantics with lightweight Web 2.0 alternatives. Describes core technologies and apply them to create e-learning 2.0. Concludes with an outline of the personal learning environment.

  133. How the Net Works
    Jul 19, 2007. Annual Conference 2007, Computers in Education Group of South Australia, Videoconference to Adelaide, Australia (Keynote). Learning online is different from learning in a classroom. Using tools like blogs and wikis, students do more than merely absorb content, they engage in conversations with a community. But how does that help? Why isn't it just a chatty waste of time? It is arguable that the use of the internet creates better conditions for learning. In this presentation, Stephen Downes outlines those conditions and explains how employ them in the design of online learning.

  134. Trends and Impacts of E-Learning 2.0
    Jun 13, 2007. International Conference on OpenCourseWare and e-Learning, Opensource Opencourseware Prototype System (OOPS), Taipei, Taiwan (Keynote). Timeline of my activities in open learning and e-learning, and an analysis of trends in the present and future. Presented to International Conference on OpenCourseWare and e-Learning, Taipei, Taiwan.

  135. Things You Really Need To learn
    May 29, 2007. Landelijke Dag Studievaardigheden, Stoas Hogeschool, 's Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (Keynote). Outline of ten things you really need to learn (the basics of an education, you might say), some discussion of how we have traditionally learned them and some things to watch for, and a description of how new technologies are helping us learn them now. No audio.

  136. Personal Learning the Web 2.0 Way
    May 19, 2007. Webheads in Action Online Conference, Webheads in Action, Global, online (Keynote). Descripes how the PLE contrasts with Learning Design (LD). Like AI, LD requires knowledge Acquisition, subject matter experts, and knowledge representation. But the modern world - and modern learning - are too chaotic for this to work. Instead, learning is like pattern recognition. Audio Recordings from 2007: - 2:00 p.m. , - 3:00 p.m. keynote Audio also here and here

  137. The Future of Online Learning and Personal Learning Environments
    Apr 18, 2007. Congreso Internacional de e-Learning, National University Telecommunications Network, Bogota, Colombia (Keynote). A look at some of the recent accomplishments in e-learning, an outline of network learning, and a description of personal learning environments.

  138. Understanding Learning Networks
    Oct 28, 2006. Fourth EDEN Research Workshop, European Distance education Network, Castelldelfels, Spain (Keynote). The Concept… Learning is centered around the interests of the learner (which may be arts, history, computing…). This learning is immersive – learning by doing – and takes place not in a school but in an appropriate environment (such as a living arts centre). The computer connects the student to the rest of the world, no matter where they are.

  139. Groups vs Networks: The Class Struggle Continues
    Sept 27, 2006. eFest, Institutes of Technology and Polytechnics of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand (Keynote). This is a cornerstone talk for me. It was my final talk in New Zealand after a marathon trip, and it resolved into a discussion of the distinction between groups and networks, how traditional learning tries to force us into being part of a group (the way it forces cattle boys off their mountains) and how an alternative network-based theory of learning is more appropriate for multiple societies and multiple cultures. The full text of the talk is here; the OLDaily post describing it is here.

  140. Blogging and Learning
    Sept 15, 2006. IT Integrators Conference, Association of Independent Schools, Sydney, Australia (Keynote). Discussion of what a blog is (as defined by format, not content) and how it is used in learning. I offer an overview of current blogging systems, discuss the use of blog post aggregation and RSS, and provide examples of blogs in learning. Finally, I connect the use of blogging in learning communities with the discussion of social network functionality as described by people such as Duncan J. Watts. A nice opportunity to merge some thoughts on the role of blogs in learning with the idea of blog objects as words in a conversation. 

  141. Learning objects: What are they good for?
    Sept 06, 2006. WWW Applications, Central University of Technology, Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa (Keynote). This was a talk filled with technical glitches, but ultimately we were successful in broadcasting the world's first Skypecast keynote. Unfortunately, this knocked out the audio recording, which hence consists only of about 4 minutes of preliminary introductions. We recorded the Skypecast, but these are no longer maintained by Skype. People appreciated seeing us debug the audio live on stage to start the talk. Once we got going, we covered the definition of learning objects, objections to them and criticism of their use, and what would actually work to sustain a learning object economy.

  142. Cooperation and Competition: National Learning Object Repositories
    Jul 28, 2006. Objetos de Aprendizaje (OA) y Redes de Alta Velocidad, Ministry of Education, Colombia, Bogota, Colombia (Keynote). Based on my experience with eduSource and related projects, this talk provides an overview of learning object repository architectures, identifies core functionalities, and provides examples of several national repository networks. I also talk about open archives, OAI tools, and the e-Framework. I discuss issues in repositories, open (and open source) alternatives, and the question of federation versus harvesting.

  143. Learning Objects: Their Use, Their Potential, and Why They Are Not Dead Yet
    Jul 27, 2006. Objetos de Aprendizaje (OA) y Redes de Alta Velocidad, Ministry of Education, Colombia, Bogota, Colombia (Keynote). Outline of the traditional concept of learning objects, point to the major objections, and outline how Web 2.0 reshapes our understanding of them. This talk gets technical in places, with a lot of the concepts drawn from my Learning Objects paper.

  144. E-Learning 2.0: Why The New Tools?
    Jul 18, 2006. e/merge 2006 - Learning Landscapes in Southern Africa, Centre for Educational Technology at the University of Cape Town, Online, Elluminate (Keynote). My talk, scheduled for one hour, went (with a willing audience) closer to two hours, which was nice, because I was able to develop the topic the way I wanted. After sketching the progression of Web 2.0 tools (from personal publishing to webtops) I outlined (drawing heavily on Konrad Glogowski) how it enables new forms of learning. From this, I outlined some of the theory underlying these new forms, and from this theoretical stance, responded in part to the critics of these new models.

  145. How I became (blog) literate and what (blog) literacy meant to me
    Jun 02, 2006.,, London, UK (Keynote). Presentation to an alternative UK blogs conference. The idea was that I would attend the different sessions and then improvise a talk. This was what came out. Quoting Barbara Ganley: "we have to wonder sometimes, whether control is necessary to achieve the desired outcomes, or whether control is the desired outcome." How does blogging change that? 

  146. What do we see when we look through a computer?
    May 30, 2006. CAUCE 2006, Canadian Association For University Continuing, Toronto, Ontario (Keynote). How does using a computer network learn to change how we see the world? How does this change how we learn and how we teach? And what happens when everyone begins seeing this way?

  147. The Unkeynote
    Apr 21, 2006. BCEd Online Annual Conference, BC Education, Vancouver, British Columbia (Keynote). Instead of the usual keynote address, the three of us turned the talk - and the agenda - over to an unsuspecting audience at the BCEd Online Annual Conference. Here is the audio of the session I recorded. Don't miss D'Arcy Norman's debriefing of the event, including the link to the web-based chat we had running on the big screen during the event (D'Arcy found and installed a nice Ajax chat server for the session, something I will be using again). We used a wiki to record topics (in case the conversation stalled - though we didn't need it). Brian Lamb also has a short item on our preparations for the untalk.

  148. Distributed Learning
    Apr 03, 2006. 11th Annual IT Conference, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee (Keynote). Quoting Michael Feldstein: "We need a system that is optimized toward slotting in new pieces as they become available, not as an after-thought or an add-on, but as a fundamental characteristic of the system." In this presentation I talk about the tools and systems we could use to accomplish that.

  149. From EduBlogs to the Collective Consciousness
    Feb 27, 2006. ASTE 2006, Alaska Society for Technology in Education, Anchorage, Alaska (Keynote). This presentation begins with an account of the blogging phenomenon and the factors that motivate people to share their lives and thoughts online and appliers that to an understanding of network learning and, ultimately, connectivist network principles.

  150. On Being Radical
    Nov 18, 2005. SACE 2005, Saskatchewan Association for Computers in Education, Regina, Saskatchewan (Keynote). In the first part I outline the major components of an open learning architecture. Then - conjuring memories of people like Tommy Douglas in Saskatchewan - I ask whether it is radical to think of providing access to all. Rob Wall also offers a lengthy blog summary.

  151. Riding the Wave: Personal Professional Development in an Age of Chaos
    Oct 27, 2005. TESIC, Technology Education Special Interest Council, Gander, Newfoundland (Keynote). Talk to a group of IT specialists and computer science teachers in Newfoundland. My second effort offering a talk in S5 - view original S5 slides here. It looks at what happens to teaching even in an age when everything changes on a constant basis. So learning isn't adding to what you already know, it means changing what you already know. This is a picture of knowledge as a dynamic network as opposed to (say) a collection of books.

  152. Ruby, Blackboard and the Challenge for Open Source
    Oct 24, 2005. Free Software and Open Source Symposium, Seneca College, Toronto, Ontario (Keynote). By most accounts, Blackboard and WebCT are among the most hated pieces of commercial software ever. Yet despite this, the two have captured most of the university learning management software market. When the two companies merged, creating a monolith in educational software, pundits hailed it as an opportunity for open source. What opportunity, though? Despite the hated commercial software, open source alternatives, such as Sakai, Moodle and Bodington still claim only a small market share. We need to recognize that open source software remains, even for those who want to use it, difficult to use and even more difficult to install. We need to recognize that interoperability remains a challenge and that issues such as licensing, patents and digital rights management lurk as hurdles to be faced in the future. And most of all, we need to recognize that open source software, if it seeks merely to emulate commercial software, will always lag behind commercial software. What would a ...

  153. Collaboration and Technology
    Sept 12, 2005. Alt-C, Association for Learning Technology, Manchester, UK (Keynote). Closing remarks at Alt-C. What was the point (I was asked) of being here at this conference? What was the point of coming together? Do we critically reflect on theory, practice, or do we merely reinforce our existing prejudices? What do we take home? These questions are asked in the context of an examination of the benefits (and weaknesses) of collaboration. No audio. Some very useful blog commentaries, one by Derek Morrison, another by Christopher D. Sessums, more (in Dutch) by Marc Dupuis, and some stream of consciousness from Juliette White. 

  154. Principles of Distributed Representation
    Aug 09, 2005. Seminars in Academic Computing, EDUCAUSE, Snowmass, Colorado (Keynote). Learning object metadata will be rewritten. Or maybe bypassed entirely. It's going to be rewritten because it has to be, because as we work with learning object metadata as it is currently incarnated, unless we're working within a large monolithic entity like the U.S. military, learning object metadata will be found to be too rigid, too inflexible, too narrowly defined, to do the sorts of things that we want to do with it.

  155. E-Learning 2.0 (Alberta Cut)
    Jun 10, 2005. Interface 2005, Alberta Distance Education and Training Association, Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Edmonton, Alberta (Keynote). In this presentation I outline the core components of e-learning 2.0 - a learning environment based on conversations and creativity rather than content delivery and testing.

  156. How To Be A Good Learner
    May 26, 2005. This Is IT, Canadore College, North Bay, Ontario (Keynote). My talk at This Is IT in North Bay. The title is descriptive as I survey three major characteristics of good learning behaviour - generating interactivity, making your learning content usable, and ensuring relevance. The talk was given in an airplane hanger at the local airport, a huge concrete block building with the accoustics of, well, a huge concrete block building. So the sound quality on the audio isn't great, which is too bad.

  157. New Directions in Learning
    Nov 18, 2004. New Directions in Learning, Yukon College, Whitehorse, Yukon (Keynote). Audio of my talk in WhiteHorse, Yukon. You know you're speaking to the right group when three of them are wearing those black "I'm blogging this" t-shirts. :) Discussion how our understanding of the nature of knowledge shapes our understanding of learning. Learning as experience. The learning network. Abstract: "Stephen Downes will present his perspective of the changes in education and learning enabled by new technologies. The presentation is free and will be held in the Lecture Hall, Yukon College, Whitehorse." Audio: (Part 1) (Part 2)

  158. Ten Years After
    Oct 19, 2004. NAWeb 2004, NAWeb, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Keynote). This is the tenth year of NAWeb, and the last for organizer Rik Hall, who earns the applause and commendations of this list for this work. Hence the title of my talk, a bit of a retrospective on the conference and tribute to Rik Hall - peace, love and happiness - and where e-learning is going in the future

  159. The Buntine Oration: Learning Networks
    Oct 09, 2004. Checking the Pulse, Australian College of Educators and the Australian Council of Educational Leaders, Perth, Australia (Keynote). We don't present these learning objects, ordered, in a sequence, we present randomly, unordered. We don't present them in classrooms and schools, we present them to the environment, to where students find themselves, in their homes and in their workplaces. We don't present them at all, we contribute them to the conversation, we become part of the conversation.  The slide presentation was severely corrupted; it was mostly images, and autoplayed in the background while I spoke. Full text. MS-Word version. Photo and comment by Dorothy. Part 1, Part 2 of Albert Ip commentary. Learning Networks versus the Behmoth? - commentary by Derek Morrison. The Network Second Layer: RSS Newsmastering - commentary by Robin Good.

  160. Reusable Media, Social Software and Openness in Education
    Sept 04, 2004. Instructional Technology Institute, Utah State University, Logan, Utah (Keynote). Cornerstone talk for me in which I define the difference between open and closed, outline the key elements of open learning and open learning resources, and list the barriers to the use of these posed by commercial media, such as lock-out, lock-in, high-bar, flooding, and legal barriers. I also talk about the way we as an industry are complying with the institution of these barriers and steps we need to take to circumvent them. Trey Martindale, Brian Lamb, myself, David Wiley.

  161. Forced Education: Schools of the Future
    Aug 21, 2003. TeLearning Conference, Department of Education, Tasmania, Videoconferenced to Hobart, Australia (Keynote). I gave this talk in a darkened government building downtown by videoconference to Hobart. It was not without technical difficulties, but we pulled it off. I was asked to speak on the drivers affecting education today, and the resulting school of the future. I introduced my 'three laws' of drivers (Second Law: For every driver, there is an equal and opposite backseat driver). Overall, I concluded that Students will begin in simulated environments, but as these environments mature, they will become more real, seamlessly transitioning into reality. Brochure.

  162. E-Learning Decisions: Modes, Models and Strategies
    Feb 25, 2003. Government On-Line Conference, Government On-Line (GOL) initiative, Ottawa, Canada (Keynote). Description of various types of e-learning, overview of implementation strategies for e-learning in government enterprises. Recommends a Participaction of learning where we promote mental fitness in Canadians using public service learning as a role model. Create incentives – tax breaks, performance bonuses – for evidence of learning and extend opportunities into other areas, for example, learning about Canadian government.

  163. No, Really, This is What We Want
    Feb 20, 2003. IMS Open Technical Forum, IMS Global, Vancouver, Canada (Keynote). Keynote speech at the IMS Open Technical Forum, Vancouver, British Columbia, February 20, 2003. A look at the disconnect between what IMS is producing what what people in e-learning are really looking for. I advised IMS to stop redrafting standards over and over again and to concentrate on actual working implementations using the most simple specifications possible, something RSS already does.

  164. The Learning Web
    May 29, 2002. AMTEC 2002, Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada (AMTEC), Regina, Saskatchewan (Keynote). The existing education system is based on the denial of access to knowledge, which creates today a key crisis for education, where people will simply bypass it for more effective methods. These will be enabled by a distributed learning network, based on the model of the semantic web, where learning resources can be freely shared. They will be accessed by a 'learning object browser' which individuals will be able to use to structure their own education. Proposal.

  165. Learning Objects, Learning Repositories and Future Trends in eLearning
    May 15, 2002. E-learning: Let's Talk About It conference, DLN/ODLG, Gatineau, Canada (Keynote). Comparison between the development of the World Wide Web in 1994 and the development of a distributed web based learning object repository network in 2002.

  166. Toward a Distributed Learning Object Repository Network
    May 02, 2002. LearnTec, New Brunwsick Community College (NBCC) Miramichi, Miramichi, Canada (Keynote). Quick overview of learning objects and description of the framework of a learning object repository network. Includes a description and discussion of the proposed pan Canadian learning object repositories initiative.

  167. Online Learning: From Virtual to Reality
    Oct 15, 2001. Net*Working, Australian Flexible Learning Network, Brisbane,Australia (Keynote). In this presentation I advance the idea that online learning enables education to become more real by moving it from the abstract environment of the classroom into people's homes and workplaces. I actually presented this four times, to four smaller groups, as a 'distributed keynote'. Note that the conference website is long since gone and was not archived.

  168. Effective Interaction and Communication with Web Courses
    Nov 11, 1996. World Wide Web Course Development and Delivery, University of Maryland University College, online, to Maryland (Keynote). To my way of thinking, a paper is a lecture in print. The direction of communication is - like the lecture - one way, flowing from the speaker or writer to the audience. So instead I created a web site for the presentation basically structured as an online course, but didn't show contents until you read the introduction.  If you want to skip the introduction and go straight to the contents, go here. Discussion here.

Lectures and Paper Presentations

  1. Open Learning in the Fediverse
    Oct 19, 2022. Open Education Conference, Online, via Zoom (Lecture). As a new generation of digital technologies evolves we are awash in new terms and concepts: the metaverse, the fediverse, blockchain, web3, acitivitypub, and more. This presentation untangles these concepts and presents them from the perspective of their impact on open learning.

  2. Opportunities for Education in the Metaverse
    May 13, 2022. Smart Education Summit: Reinventing education in the Metaverse era, Smart Cities Week, Online, via Teams, to Rabat, Morocco (Lecture). This short presentation introduces major elements of the metaverse, outlines some applications for education, discusses how it may be combined with other technologies for advanced applications, and outlines some issues and concerns.

  3. Supporting Open Educational Resources
    Jan 07, 2022. LISACON-2021, LIS Academy, Bangalore, India, via Zoom (Lecture). Developers and practitioners have come to realize that OER require support and an infrastructure, and this has been realized through such mechanisms as open online courses and open practices. In this plenary Stephen Downes describes these developments both from a historical context and also to develop a broader framework of support. Drawing from examples in other fields, including social media, streaming video, and open source software, he identifies key elements of a broad-based open educational platform (OEP) and offers suggestions on how librarians and information scientists can support this approach.

  4. Applications of Analytics
    Oct 19, 2021. Ethics, Analytics and the Duty of Care, (Lecture). Part of Module 2 in Ethics, Analytics and the Duty of Care, this presentation survers the application of AI and anlytics in learning, first from the perspective of different functions performed by analytics, then from the perspective of six types of analytics task: descriptive, diagnostic, predictive, prescriptive, generative and deontic.

  5. What Does It Mean to Enrol in a Course?
    Oct 19, 2021. Open Education 21, Online, Via Zoom (Lecture). This presentation begins with the observation that numerous ope n education providers require students to login before being allowed to view materials, offers arguments why this should not be the case, offers some examples of alternative practices, and looks in more detail at my own efforts to design and offer a course that has no registration or tracking whatsoever.

  6. A Personal Learning Platform
    Dec 11, 2020. Lightning Talks, Online, via Jitsi (Lecture). This is a short presentation for Creative Commons Lightning Talks giving an overview of the design philosophy behind my personal learning tool called gRSShopper (and therefore, my philosophy about how we should be thinking about the creation and use of OER in learning generally).

  7. What's Next For MOOCs
    Dec 08, 2020. The Learning & Training Conference 2020, Contact North, Online, via BeaconLive (Lecture). This talk looks at the recent resurgence of MOOCs and describes this growth (despite claims that they are 'dead'), shows how they are providing access to micro-credentials and skills-based learning, and explains how they are and will be improving in terms of student engagement and completion, offering as a proposal the development of "micro-MOOCs" to provide greater access and flexibility for MOOC-based learning.

  8. Reimagining Open Educational Resources
    Nov 10, 2020. Open Education 2020, Online, via Zoom (Lecture). This session introduces and demonstrates content-addressable resources for education, a set of tools and processes for the creation and storage of learning resources in a distributed peer-to-peer network.

  9. Open Learning, Open Networks - Online Learning in 2020
    Nov 02, 2020. Numeriq2020, Teluq, Montreal online via Zoom (Lecture). In this talk Stephen Downes outlines his experience working on projects using on new approaches and new technologies that will help governments and institutions build an open learning infrastructure: distributed social networks, cloud infrastructures and virtualization, immersive reality, and personal learning environments. He will describe steps that can be taken now to create accessible and engaging open online learning and outline some of the new tools that will be available to educators and developers in the coming years.

  10. Being There: What Presence Means in a Digital World
    Aug 31, 2020. CIET: EnPED 2020, Federal University of São Carlos, Brazil, via video recording (Lecture). To the extent that learning is a social activity it depends on presence, that is, it depends on the interaction and sense of commonality we have with other people. But presence doesn't need to be direct and personal; it can be mediated through objects and technologies. An author can speak to us through a book, a friend can speak to us through a telephone, an actor can convey meaning through cinema. But with each medium, the character of presence changes, as some affordances are amplified and others diminished. Which leads us to the question: what is the character of presence in digital media? Unedited Text Transcript (produced by Pixel 4 AI).

  11. The Future of Online Learning 2020
    Apr 28, 2020. Emerging Learning Technologies (Curt Bonk class), Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, via Zoom (Lecture). This video looks at change and technology during the pandemic and after, asking what it is we want to get from our educational systems, and what that might look like in the future.

  12. A Distributed Content Addressable Network for Open Educational Resources
    Nov 09, 2019. Cognition and Exploratory Learning in the Digital Age (CELDA) 2019, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy (Lecture). We introduce Content Addressable Resources for Education (CARE) as a method for addressing issues of scale, access, management and distribution that currently exist for open educational resources (OER) as they are currently developed in higher education. CARE is based on the concept of the distributed web (dweb) and, using (for example) the Interplanetary File System (IPFS) provides a means to distributed OER in such a way that they cannot be blocked or paywalled.

  13. Philosophical Foundations of Connectivism
    Oct 16, 2019. Class presentation (Gerald Ardito), PACE University, New York City, online via Blue Jeans Network (Lecture). Discussion in Gerald Ardito's philosophy of education class. Overview of basic principles underlying connectivism, including a discussion of perception, cognition, language and representation, truth and meaning. OIutcomes include a definition of knowledge, an account of how learning works (and what learning is), and implications for education. Notes for the lecture were compiled here.

  14. Personal Learning Versus Personalized Learning - Making Lifelong Learning Happen
    Oct 11, 2019. Online Learning 2019, Contact North, Toronto, Ontario (Lecture). This presentation draws a contrast between the concept of ‘personalized learning’, as exemplified in new learning technologies such as adaptive learning, and the concept of ‘personal learning’, which draws from a tradition of adult learning theory and heutagogy. Contrasting starting points, objectives, learning processes and forms of evaluation are identified. The article then considers strategies to implement personal learning in the form of support for lifelong learning, and contrasts this approach with the prevalent model governing educational institutions, and casts it as a means to address ongoing issues of access and sustainability. View and comment on the text of this presentation as an article (work in progress). Sketchnotes The sessions this am from #globalsummit19. @Downes session has me thinking of the pop ups this weekend in nature and the learning journal. How do we blend the many pathways to learning. — Tina Zita (@tina_zita) ...

  15. Trends in e-Learning and Virtual Education
    Jan 28, 2019. 7 Internacional e-Learning Seminar, IT Madrid, Online, via Zoom (Lecture). I outline a number of major recent technological trends in e-learning and virtual education, including the use of artificial intelligence and learning analytics, blockchain technology for resources and recognition, and virtual and augmented reality for immersive experiences. I draw examples from corporate, university, and elementary education development projects and implementations. These in turn inform the discussion of wider trends in pedagogy and curriculum, including new critical literacies, community network development and management, and personal learning management and support.

  16. E-Learning 3.0
    Oct 18, 2018. Online Learning 2018, Contact North, Toronto, Ontario (Lecture). This presentation explores the impact of the next wave of learning technologies emerging as a consequence of the significant and substantial changes coming to the World Wide Web.

  17. Personal Learning vs Personalized Learning: What Needs to Happen
    Oct 17, 2018. Online Learning 2018, Contact North, Toronto, Ontario (Lecture). This special briefing explores personal learning as the future of learning, explores why it's important, the tools which enable personal learning and the significant potential of personal learning as a key to life-long learning and the skills agenda.

  18. Trends in the Future of Learning
    Dec 15, 2017. Learning Futures Workshop, College@ESDC, Gatineau, Quebec (Lecture). Work in the future will require higher levels of analysis, access to experts, and greater autonomy. How can the College@ESDC equipped itself for what’s coming? What form(s) is learning, and especially operational training, likely to take in 10-15 years?

  19. A Roadmap of the Future of Teaching and Learning
    Dec 07, 2017. Online Educa Berlin, Berlin, Germany (Lecture). This Spotlight Stage session is for policy makers and pundits, technology designers and developers, and those who by virtue of office or inclination have the voice to speak to the future, to inform the world of what we can do and what we want to do. Join Stephen Downes as he invites you to explore the quantum leaps we can expect in teaching in our digital age.

  20. A Personal Learning Framework
    Oct 18, 2017. ICDE2017 World Conference on Online Learning, International Council for Open and Distance Education, Toronto, Canada (Lecture). This presentation looks at the quantum mechanics of learning theory, drilling down from the idea of a subject or a piece of knowledge to the elements constituting a personal learning framework. Unfortunately the last 7 minutes of the video is clipped. The audio recording contains the full length of the talk.

  21. Change, Challenge and Opportunity
    Oct 18, 2017. ICDE2017 World Conference on Online Learning, International Council for Open and Distance Education, Toronto, Ontario (Lecture). In this presentation I discuss six major trends impacting online learning: Machine learning and artificial intelligence; Handheld and Mobile Computing Badges and Blockchain; Internet of Things; Games, Sims and Virtual Reality; Translation and Collaborative Technology. Video includes audience and backchannel.

  22. The Semantic Condition
    Oct 12, 2017. YouTube Video Presentation, Ottawa, Ontario (Lecture). Despite what the first slide says, this was created and uploaded October 24, 2017. In this video I describe my 'Semantic Condition' diagram that I created ten years ago and I go through the process of creating a nice neat cleaned up version of the diagram. This diagram basically slides the four essential principles for the creation of meaning, truth and value in networks, specifically, autonomy, diversity, openness and interactivity. There's a lot left unsaid; I'm just describing the concept here, not defending it, and I am offering only surface-level views of the four principles, not a deep examination. But I hope people will find it useful, as it is a key part of my own framework for knowledge, learning and discovery. The diagram may be downloaded here.

  23. Personal learning environments and technologies
    Nov 30, 2016. Impuls, Cornelsen Publishing, Berlin, Germany (Lecture). This presentation looks at the current trends in learning technology - competencies, personalization, and innovation. It casts them in a sceptical light, explaining and then challenging the presuppositions underlying them. It proposes an alternative 'personal learning', describes technologies supporting it, and outlines a framework for technology and pedagogy development in this environment.

  24. Learning with Open Resources
    Nov 09, 2016. Invited Presentation, Notre Dame University, Beirut, Lebanon (Lecture). Sadly, the audio in this discussion did not succeed (I discovered later I had left the recorder running the day before and filled the hard drive with meaningless noise). The actual presentation ended at slide 25 but I include the rest for completeness (and to show how ambitious I was). I begin with examples of openness in various projects we've worked on, then segue into a discussion of types of openness.

  25. Strategies for Personal Learning
    Apr 25, 2016. VI e-Learning International Conference 2016, ITMadrid IT Business School, Madrid, Spain, online via Zoom (Lecture). In this presentation I draw the distinction between personal and personalized learning and the outline the major strategies supporting personal learning: sharing, contributing and co-creation.

  26. Ed Tech Moonshot
    Apr 21, 2016. Invited Presentation, LINK, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas (Lecture). This tongue-in-cheek title was used for the whole day of discussions George Siemens and I and guests had at the LINK center at the University of Texas in Arlington (Part One, Part Two, Part Three). This presentation was delivered impromptu to an assembled audience at noon. It explored the core purpose of learning technology, as linked to lessons learned through the four major domains in my career: media, computing, philosophy, and education.

  27. Critical Literacies and the Challenge of Online Learning
    Oct 30, 2015. TESL Canada 2015, Teachers of English as a Second Language - Canada, Lake Louise, Alberta (Lecture). In recent years the massive open online course (MOOC) has become widely popular, but it has also demonstrated some of the key challenges facing online students. Challenges to MOOCs have included high dropout rates and the need for students to be self-sufficient online. In this talk the developer of the original MOOC, Stephen Downes, addresses this challenge by underling a set of competencies or skills recommended for both teachers and learners in virtual environments. These competencies, which he describes as 'critical literacies', support an approach to online learning based in an immersive online pedagogy in a personal learning environment supporting engagement with online courses, communities of practice, and workplace communities.

  28. Beyond Instructional Design: Open Spaces and Learning Places
    Oct 22, 2015. October ADEC Program Panel, American Distance Education Consortium, Online, via GoToMeeting (Lecture). This presentation focuses on the differences between a program and an environment, instructional design approaches through multi-year games, and the pedagogy of spaces and places that lend themselves to connectivist learning environment designs.

  29. Where are MOOCs Going? What is the Future of Distance Learning?
    Sept 26, 2015. International MOOC Conference 2015, U di Napoli Federico II, Anacapri, Italy (Lecture). In this presentation I outline where the new MOOCs missed the real innovations in our connectivist MOOCs - not just the idea of 'open', but also the distributed architechture. From this foundation I describe the new approach to personal learning based on an experiential and immersive approach to learning. Slides are similar to my recent talk in Glasgow but the content is quite different.

  30. Design Elements in a Personal Learning Environment
    Aug 27, 2015. Invited Talk, University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico (Lecture). This is an update of an earlier presentation in which I outline the major elements of a personal learning environment and describe its origins in the concept of the MOOC. Some new slides describing the architecture and how to contribute to the expansion of LPSS. As well, this presentation comes the day after this workshop in Guadalajara and is informed by it. The video has the Spanish translation audio. My audio is in English (my talk starts after the intros at around the 14 or 15 minute mark, 15:17 in the video).

  31. Open Education and & Personal Learning
    Aug 20, 2015. Lunch and Learn Workshop, University of Arizona, Tempe, Arizona (Lecture). This presentation uses the same slides as the presentation delivered in Banff in April, and the text of which may be found here. The context is updated a bit based on the last four months experience building the system being described. outline major aspects of the learning and performance support systems (LPSS) program as it relates to open education environments. In particular I focus on understanding OERs as words, aggregating and analyzing OERs, data representation, and learner production and sharing of OERs. I conclude with a number of brief case studies of how work in LPSS supports this perspective.

  32. A Blogger's Springtime
    Mar 21, 2015. Spring Blog Festival, WizIQ, Online, via WizIQ (Lecture). In this presentation I talk about the practice of blogging in a new and complex media environment. Contrary to what may be popular belief, blogging is not dead, nor even slowing down, though attention has shifted away from the form to new types of social media. But it is part of a much larger content ecosystem which as a whole is experiencing a golden age, and blogging is a major part of that. I show people how I blog, how I use blogs, and how I am encouraging student use of blogs in MOOCs.

  33. Digital Research Methodologies Redux
    May 26, 2014. Ringvorlesungen (Lecture Series),, Tübingen, Germany, online via Adobe Connect (Lecture). This is essentially the same set of slides as presented as 'Against Digital Research Method', though the presentation addresses research on MOOCs more specifically.

  34. The Rise of MOOCs: Past Successes, Future Challenges
    Mar 24, 2014. ICT advisory board meeting, Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO), Tunis, Tunisia (Lecture). (Photos: Demetrios Sampson) In this presentation I outline the major influences leading to the development of MOOCs, including learning objects and open educational resources. I then describe the basis for the creation of our original connectivist MOOCs, describe the learning theory behind them, and review attribues of a number of cMOOCs over the years. Finally I develop the concept of the personal learning environment as it is being implemented in our LPSS program.

  35. Life-Long Learning
    Jun 04, 2013. Encuentro Educación, Telefonica Foundation, Caracas, Venezuela, by Adobe Connect (Lecture). Slides and audio from my presentation to Encuentro Educación 2012 - 2013 in preparation for my upcoming visit to Caracas. Learning overall can be divided into the teaching function and the learning function; in this presentation I focused on the learning function, focusing on learning that is interactive, usable and relevant.

  36. Knowledge, Learning and Community: Elements of Effective Learning
    Feb 29, 2012. Change 11 Online Course, Moncton, via Blackboard Collaborate (Lecture). I overview major elements of my contribution to the domain of educational technology.

  37. Effective Learning Networks: The ‘Groups Versus Networks’ Argument Explained
    Feb 15, 2011. Connectivism and Connective Knowledge MOOC CCK11, National Research Council, Online (Lecture). This presentation for our online course restates the 'group versus networks' argument first formulated in 2006. It describes the core principle of connectivism: to 'know' P is not to have a characteristic set of connections that we can point to and say 'This is knowing that P'. Rather, it is to have any of many possible sets of connections such that input characteristic of 'P' produces output characteristic of 'knowing that P'.

  38. Dimensions of a Learning Network
    Oct 06, 2010. The Power of Peer, TTI Vanguard, Vancouver (Lecture). In this talk I overview the major elements of Connectivism and learning network theory, explaining how networks are used to foster learning,and describing the properties of stable or effective networks.

  39. Resource Profiles Markup Language
    Jun 14, 2010. Atlantic Workshop on Semantics and Services, National Research Council, Fredericton, NB (Lecture). Description of RPML, and then demo of an RPML application and sample code. There doesn't appear to be any audio available.

  40. The End of Books
    May 08, 2010. Festejar con Libros, Feria-Libro Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina (Lecture). Short talk given at the Buenos Aires Book Fair on the release of 'The Facebook Project'. I wrote the preface for the book (here's the pdf of the full book. In this talk I consider the effect of the end of books and raise the question of where we will locate our culture, our values, our myths and our facts. There is also a recording of the question and answer session. No slides.

  41. Connectivism and Transculturality
    May 07, 2010. Telefónica Foundation, Telefónica Foundation, Buenos Aires, Argentina (Lecture). Spanish translation of talk from the translator's booth (bits in Spanish translated to English) for Fundación Telefónica. Full transcript of the talk. This presentation looks at connectivist teaching. It describes principles of effective networks, and then applies those principles to the design of a connectivist course, as implemented using a personal learning environment. Original UStream recording. Here is coverage and summary from Claudia Ceraso. Also commentary from Anaclara Dalla Valle and Gabriela Sellart

  42. Connectivist Learning and Teaching
    May 06, 2010. Invited Lecture, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pilar, Argentina (Lecture). Presentation addressing what teachers need to do in order to learn from the internet. There is a second part, describing connectivist teaching, which was not presented, but is in the slides.

  43. We Learn
    May 03, 2010. Symposium, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario, Argentina (Lecture).   The internet is the most powerful tool for education ever devised, but how best to use it? In this presentation I talk about using the internet to promote interaction, organize knowledge and get relevant information. In English with Spanish translation in the audio. Photo by Maria Affronti. See also commentary and links from Juan Domingo . Also, the Twitter stream from the talk. News media coverage. Twitter stream. The video is a composite made out of the videos still available October 4, 2016. Original UStreal videos (many of which were deleted by UStream): 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010

  44. Free software and education: fighting the digital divide
    Apr 29, 2010. Special Lecture, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Cordoba, Argentina (Lecture). Presentation examining the logic and underpinnings of free and open educational content. English with Spanish translation throughout. An extensive presentation, with almost entirely new material, drawn from the influence of this Argentine city, the influence of Canadian thinking in media and education, and the principle of association that underlies connectivist epistemology and pedagogy. The presentation and lengthy Q&A runs at a bit more than two hours. I am very happy with this presentation, and even better, have a video version, which I will format and release as soon as I can. (Update October 4, 2016 - haven't found the video).

  45. Trends In Personal Learning
    Feb 04, 2010. The Gaggle, Camberra Institute of Technology, Canberra, Australia, online via Wimba (Lecture). Audio and slides from my presentation last night, Trends in Personal Learning. Review of major trends in technology - personal access, content creation, presentation and conferencing, networking and community, immersion and simulation, augmented reality - and discussion of how these define and inform personal learning. Here's the poster for the session. // Archive once existed here: Info Name: FlexEd Virtual Session - 02/04/2010 11:56 URL.

  46. Managing Digital Rights Using JSON
    Jan 09, 2010. 6th IEEE International Workshop on Digital Rights Management, IEEE CCNC, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA (Lecture). In this presentation I describe a novel approach for the management of digital rights expression. The technique, which leverages JSON - Javascript Object Notation - does not involve parsing or processing of rights data, and not only does it solve the cross-domain scripting problem for rights expressions, it also provides an alternative to the language-based digital rights management patents held by ContentGuard. Here is the text of the paper.

  47. New Tools for Personal Learning
    Nov 25, 2009. MEFANET 2009 Conference, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic, via MVU Videoconference (Lecture). In this presentation I describe how new technologies are being designed in order to adapt to a rapidly changing and complex world. In this picture, learning is not a matter of knowledge acquisition and memorization, but rather, personal development in such a way that we become able to navigate and work with this knowledge and content in the same manner, with the same capacities, as the expert. This is a type of learning that is based on the creation of tools that support a mesh network; this network, in turn, supports the conversation and interactions that foster the development of an expert character.

  48. Speaking in Lolcats, Take 2
    Nov 24, 2009. ECI 381 (Alec Couros), University of Regina, Online to Saskatchewan via Elluminate (Lecture). Reprise of my talk from last week, in more detail and some new slides. The internet has introduced us to a world in which we can communicate with each other in a wide variety of media. Where formally we could only talk and sing to each other, now we can create videos, author animations, link to videos and images and cartoons, and more, mix and match these in a complex open-ended vocabulary. What it means to be literate in such an information age is fundamentally distinct from the literacy of the 3Rs, and teaching new literacy an evolving challenge for those of us still struggling to learn it. This talk looks at the elements of 21st century literacies, redefines critical thinking for the internet age, and suggests a redefinition of what we think of as 'core' curriculum. Elluminate session recording (with video) at

  49. Speaking in Lolcats: What Literacy Means in teh Digital Era
    Nov 12, 2009. Educational Computing Organization of Ontario, Educational Computing Organization of Ontario, Richmond Hill, Ontario (Lecture). The internet has introduced us to a world in which we can communicate with each other in a wide variety of media. Where formally we could only talk and sing to each other, now we can create videos, author animations, link to videos and images and cartoons, and more, mix and match these in a complex open-ended vocabulary. What it means to be literate in such an information age is fundamentally distinct from the literacy of the 3Rs, and teaching new literacy an evolving challenge for those of us still struggling to learn it. This talk looks at the elements of 21st century literacies, redefines critical thinking for the internet age, and suggests a redefinition of what we think of as 'core' curriculum.

  50. Open Education: Projects and Potential
    Nov 12, 2009. Educational Computing Organization of Ontario, Educational Computing Organization of Ontario, Richmond Hill, Ontario (Lecture). The internet offers society the opportunity to provide access to a free or affordable education for all. This concept is known as 'open education' and is the subject of various projects, such as 'Open Education Resources' (OER) or the Open Courseware Project (OCW). This talk will look at the principle of open education, talk about major projects, describe the role played by educational technology, and outline some of the challenges.

  51. Four Struggles
    Oct 02, 2009. Invited Talk, St. Thomas University, Fredericton, NB (Lecture). This is a guest presentation to a political science class at St. Thomas University in Fredericton. I look at an introductory and fairly typical chapter on globalization and outsourcing, and then argue that changes in political and economic organization run counter to the model proposed. In particular, the development of a network-based society runs against the model of corporate structures described. This all is set within a context of 'four struggles' that have shaped political and other conflict through history and today.

  52. Communities and Networks
    Jul 07, 2009. VII seminari especialitzat en gestia del coneixement, Centre D'Estudis Juridics i Formacio Especialitzada, Barcelona, online via Sclipo (Lecture). Presentation on the concept of the community of practice, tracing how it evolved from its original form resembling groups and featuring shared objectives and meanings, to one resembling networks, being composed more of interactions and conversations. Some technical difficulties (edited out of the video) truncated the presentation, unfortunately.

  53. Where is ICT Leading Education
    Apr 06, 2009. Australian College of Educators, Australian College of Educators, Melbourne, Australia (Lecture). A shortish presentation talking about where the older model of online learning and how the newer model reshapes that, followed by a series of pointed questions and answers. Very different from the usual fare. No slides

  54. Connectivist Learning and the Personal Learning Environment
    Apr 03, 2009. Invited Talk, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia (Lecture). In this talk to the University of Wollongong I talk about the principles that informed the Connectivism course and then apply them in the description of the design of the course and assessment of how it went. Coverage by John Larkin. Image: Garry Hoban, Stephen and Nicola Johnson. Image: with John Larkin, Gary Molloy and Sui Fui John Mak

  55. gRSShopper
    Oct 28, 2008. Innovation Forum, NRC, Saint John, New Brunswick (Lecture). Short 10 minute presentation to the NRC Innovation forum. I unfortunately mishandled the audio, so I only have slides. In the talk I provided an overview of gRSShopper.

  56. Applications of Social and Collaborative Technologies in Education
    Apr 08, 2008. Symposium on Advanced Learning Technologies, LearnNB/ApprendreNB and the Combat Training Centre Gagetown, Fredericton, NB (Lecture). My objective in this presentation was not only to describe the changing nature of community, and not only to describe how Web 2.0 applications create community as well as replace your Office applications, but also to talk to New Brunswickers about the role our province can play to help educators share learning with each other online. All new slides.

  57. Learning 2050
    Feb 25, 2008. Faculty Development Institute, Learning Resources Network (LERN) , Online - ZoomCall (Lecture). Fifteen minute talk followed by fifteen minutes of questions on the long-term trends in learning. I talk first about how learning will talk place in the long term, then I talk about the types of learning (the 'Three Ls') people will need. Then I talk about the underlying tchnology trends. All new slides!

  58. Reality
    Feb 12, 2008. New Learners need New Teaching, DreamEngineers, Online video presented in Bloemfontein, South Africa (Lecture). This is a ten minute video created for and shown at a session hosted by DreamEngineers in South Africa, New Learners need New Teaching, hosted by Nico Baird.

  59. Web 2.0, E-learning 2.0 and the New Learning
    Jan 30, 2008. Learning Technologies Conference, Learning and Skills Group, London, UK, presented online (WebX) (Lecture). This presentation examines web 2.0 and the intersection of the worlds of education, work and home. It contrasts 'messy' versus 'neat' content production and highlights the role of user-generated content in learning. It presents learning as a stream or a utility, and learning design as being user-managed and user-centered.

  60. Collaboration Tools and Web 2.0
    Aug 14, 2007. Invited Talk, Council of Ontario Universities, Online to Toronto (Lecture). Presentation to the Council of Ontario Universities, providing an overview of web 2.0 tools for e-learning and collaboration. It only took me four years to add the video to this presentation. ;) But it was added on Blip, which means a few years later it disappeared.

  61. Web 2.0 and Your own Learning and Development
    Jul 23, 2007. Invited Talk, British Council, Online to London, UK (Lecture). Presentation describing how to use the web - and especially web 2.0 - for your own learning and development, based on three principles: learning should be interactive, usable and relevant. Presented by video to the British Council, July 23, 2007. No audio, sorry. Another disappeared Blip video.

  62. OERs in Sustainable Perspective
    Jun 03, 2007. Standing Conference of Presidents (SCOP), International Council for Open and Distance Education (ICDE), Heerlen, Netherlands (Lecture). So long as we think of OERs as charity… as something we create and that we give to the indigent OERs will never be sustainable Here's the new model: Adobe: "we want to be the toolmaker"; Google: GEAR, open source tools . OERs today are about giving people the means to create and then stepping out of the way. Flickr Facebook YouTube Blogger MySpace Yahoo-Groups Revver Writely Wikipedia LiveJournal WordPress Drupal PHP... No audio.

  63. Virtual Worlds in Context
    May 09, 2007. Symposium 2007, Eduserv Foundation, London, England (Lecture). Since the days of the now fabled 'Adventure' virtual worlds have long been a staple of online life. The most recent generation, 3D environments, includes games such as World of Warcraft and discussion rooms such as Second Life. These environments share some of the attributes and many of the limitations of their predecessors. Can the environment serve a significantly large number of people at the same time? Can individuals migrate their characters from one environment to the next? Who makes the rules in such environments? In this talk it is proposed that the principles that govern the World Wide Web would well serve the world of 3D environments. By distributing the load - and the ownership - using a ccommon client that accesses worlds from a large number of interoperable open source servers, the problems of scale and ownership could be addressed while preserving the best of the 3D environment: a place to visualize different realities, to get together to talk about them, to ...

  64. The Recognition Factor
    Feb 08, 2007. Online Connectivism Conference, University of Manitoba: Learning Technologies Centre, Online, Elluminate (Lecture). This talk draws out the foundation of connectivist epistemology: The theory… Concepts are not words … They are patterns in a network (like the mind, like society) There is no specific place the concept is located – it is distributed as a set of connections across the network Other concepts are embedded in the same network they form parts of each other, they effect each other. Old links (UofM, Google Video links no longer working): Description, GoogleVideo recording, Audio recording.ppt slides, Chat transcript.

  65. E-Learning 2.0 - Platform, Not Medium
    Jun 09, 2006. Micromedia & e-Learning 2.0: Gaining the Big Picture,, Innsbruck, Austria (Lecture). In this talk my intent was to build on the presentations that had already taken place at the conference outlining Web 2.0 tools and methodologies, and to in anticipation of George Siemens show the connection between them and network learning or connectivism.Note that the conference page lists the papers included in the proceedings; mine was not included until the following year (we had a disagreement about length).

  66. E-Learning 2.0
    Jun 03, 2005. CIDER, Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research, Online, Elluminate (Lecture). Presentation of the concept of e-learning 2.0, beginning with the idea that learning is based on interaction and conversation rather than transmission and testing. E-learning 2.0, like the model of web 2.0, is based on learner design of and participation in the learning environment.

  67. Learning Networks: Theory and Practice
    Mar 09, 2005. International Conference on Methods and Technologies for Learning, Institute for Educational Technology - Italian National Research Council, Palermo, Italy (Lecture). Talk at the opening of the International Conference on Methods and Technologies for Learning at the Palazzo dei Normanni, Palermo, Sicily. Unfortunately rushed, my talk wasn't everything I had hoped, though people were kind enough to say nice things afterward (including one who, after seeing the slides, said it's a talk I should give in full one day). Still, here are the slides and the MP3 of Learning Networks (3.3 megabytes).

  68. Living in a Distributed World
    Feb 23, 2005. KnowTIPS First Annual Online Conference, KnowTIPS, Online, Elluminate (Lecture). The MP3 of my online talk, Living in a Distributed World is now available. In this talk I contrast centralized and distributed approaches to learning technology and outline the distributed approach. The PowerPoint slides are also available, or if you wish, you can view the session directly on Elluminate.

  69. Community Blogging
    Feb 19, 2005. Northern Voice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Lecture). An analysis of community as it emerges in blogging: how it is formed, how it should reshape the blogosphere, and how it can be implemented (quite easily) technologically. And along the way, deflating a few pet concepts of the blogerati, such as the value of the long tail and the utility of tagging. Better version of the recording.

  70. Blogging and RSS in Learning
    Dec 17, 2004. Invited Presentation, Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia (Lecture). Slides and the audio from my talk at Acadia here in Wolfville (7 megabytes). Similar to my talk of yesterday, but I spent less time on the basics and more time talking about wikis, RSS aggregation and Edu_RSS.

  71. Blogging in Learning
    Dec 16, 2004. Invited Presentation, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia (Lecture). Slides and MP3 audio (10 megabytes or so) from my talk today at Mount Saint Vincent University. The talk itself is a presentation of the use of blogging in learning, blogging technologies and aggregators, and some discussion of RSS. The interesting bit comes after the talk, as audience members remained for almost an hour to continue with questions and comments, including thoughts on the ethics of research and blogging along with my thoughts on emerging trends.

  72. Global Learn Day
    Nov 20, 2004. Global Learn Day, Benjamin Franklin Institute, online (Lecture). My contribution to Global Learn Day is available as an MP3 audio feed - I talk about the Firefox launch, the emergence of blogging in the Yukon, and the spirit that lies behind all this - the idea that we could provide learning to everyone in the world (please note the sound is bad for three minutes during the introduction, then my talk comes out very clearly).

  73. Theory of Learning Networks
    Nov 10, 2004. Maritime Open Source Technology, Moncton Cybersocial, Moncton, New Brunswick (Lecture). Maritimes Open Source Technology (Part 1) Introduction - about the E-Learning Research Group and IRAP (Rod Savoie, William Langley), open source and some local success tories (Peter Burtt), Distributed Digital Rights Management (Stephen Downes). My own slides are available. Website. (mpeg) By Rod Savoie, William Langley, Peter Burtt, and Stephen Downes.

  74. The Future of Online Learning and Knowledge Networks
    Sept 29, 2004. Special Session,, Adelaide, SA, Australia (Lecture). This talk outlines ways in which the 'consensus view' of e-learning technology misunderstands the technoilogical and business models offered by the internet and describes as an alternative the resource profiles picture of metadata and harvesting. MP3 Audio: Part 1, first group, Part 1, second group, Part 2, combined group. Commentary by Albert Ip. Comment by Geroge Siemens. Comment by Martin Terre Blanche. Downes Under - slideshow by Marie Jasinski.

  75. E-Learning in Easy Pieces
    Sept 24, 2004. Invited Lecture, Training Advisory Council, Australian Flexible Learning Framework, Darwin, NT, Australia (Lecture). When we think of e-learning these days, we tend to think of learning management systems, enterprise systems, and integrated courseware. Large, complex, do-everything pieces. But when we look at the internet technologies that have actually been successful - things like email, web sites, and blogs - we find that what works is exactly the opposite: small pieces, loosely joined. This lecture looks at what's wrong with enterprise e-learning and why the small pieces approach will work better, and will describe recent and innovative work using such technology, including the use of blogs, wikis, and RSS. Stephen Downes Does Darwin, by Terry Lawler, Australian Flexible Learning Framework

  76. New Students, New Learning
    Sept 16, 2004. Invited Lecture, Australian Defense Force Academy (ADFA), Canberra, ACT, Australia (Lecture). What is quality in e-learning and what do organisations need to do to get it happening? Identifies the major elements of quality we need to aim for and considers some of the practicalities of achieving it. The new student: What will be expected of us? What will the digital generation mean for the schools of the future? Do we need to consider the 'new literacy', adjust our understanding of values and learning, or change the way we deal with diversity? The future is not as far away as we like to think and organisations need to be planning now. MP3 Audio: Part 1 Part 2.

  77. Projecting Quality
    May 07, 2004. Quality Learning: Making IT Click, Manitoba Association for Distributed Learning and Training (MADLAT), Winnipeg, Manitoba (Lecture). This is a presentation of results from the Sifter Organizer project  in Collaboration with Mosaic Technologies, Inc. demonstrating the selection of learning objects based on their metadata and filtering and sorting them according to their rated quality. Using the schemas defined, evaluation data is stored as XML files. These XML files are aggregated alongside learning object metadata. Evaluation data may then be aggregated or interpreted.

  78. Distributed Digital Rights Management: The EduSource Approach to DRM
    Apr 24, 2004. First International Workshop, Open Digital Rights Language (ODRL), Vienna, Austria (Lecture). Overview of the concept of digital rights management describing aspects of DRM and where it is applied to create a DRM design decision metric. Introduces the concept of the degree of DRM to define a 'middle way' respecting the rights of both producers and users. Describes rights models and shows how these can be employed by resource repositories.  See the full text of the presentation.

  79. Distributed Digital Rights Management
    Mar 30, 2004. Learning Object Summit, eduSource, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Lecture). Overview of the concept of digital rights management describing aspects of DRM and where it is applied to create a DRM design decision metric. Introduces the concept of the degree of DRM to define a 'middle way' respecting the rights of both producers and users. Describes rights models and shows how these can be employed by resource repositories.

  80. Divergence and Collaboration in eduSource
    Mar 29, 2004. Learning Object Summit, eduSource, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Lecture). This is a summary of the organization and management of the eduSource project, a collaboration among six major partners and numerous minor partners to create a pan-Canadian learning object repository. It did not really succeed, and this talk examines the issues and difficulties inherent in this sort of collaboration. Audio was not recorded, but the slides give a good sense of the points of tension.

  81. Distributed Digital Rights Management
    Jan 27, 2004. Invited Lecture, TeleEducation New Brunswick, Online (Lecture). First overall presentation of the eduSource approach to distributed digital rights management, with presentation of DDRM strength and locale grids as technology selection tools. Describes as DRM principles the concepts of open standards, open network and open marketplace. Overview of rights models and related tools. Diagrams the integration of vendor repositories in a digital resource network.

  82. Questions and Possibilities: The Four-Dimensional Future of Metadata
    Sept 20, 2003. Canadian Metadata Forum, National Library of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario (Lecture). I authored this presentation during the day at the Canadian Metadata Forum, being asked to summarize and represent the overall findings of the conference that day. Here are my notes. This is what I came up with: 1. Resources What is the nature of things? Is a rose, by any other name, still a rose?  2. Descriptions To describe is to perceive, but each of us is alone in our perceptions…  3. Time – that most unreal of dimensions – is the only dimension unchanged in the digital world. 4. Community. Who Am I? Questions of authentication, etc., for data management, but not just that…

  83. Coping With Digital Rights Management
    Mar 24, 2003. eduSource Industry Forum, eduSource, Toronto, Canada (Lecture). Slides from my presentation on digital rights at the eduSource Industry Forum last week in Toronto. In that presentation I went into an interesting digression on the nature of learning objects. Here was my argument in a nutshell (printed here because it doesn't exist like this elsewhere). Yes, the reference to a certain prop is real. My main point is that there is no reason to restrict a priori what counts as a learning object. Yes, a paper tissue is an extreme example. But: * whether something counts as a learning object depends on whether it can be used to teach or learn, and this can only be determined by its use, not by its nature * people will want to use a wide variety of objects, including even (in at least one case) a used tissue, in order to teach or learn * no good will come, therefore, of limiting a priori what objects will count as learning objects and what objects will not.

  84. One Standard for All: Why We Don't Want It, Why We Don't Need It
    Jan 17, 2003. Guest Lecture, Athabasca University, Edmonton, Canada (Lecture). Invited presentation to staff at Athabasca University. Discussion of the idea of a single educational metadata and criticism from the argument that standards will need to be contextually sensitive.

  85. Web Services and Semantic Web for Next Generation of Learning Repositories and Content Management Systems
    Nov 18, 2002. Advanced Networks Workshop, CANARIE, Montreal, Canada (Lecture). Introduces the eduSource project to CANARIE partners. Outlines the difficulties with the silo model of learning resource repositories, then describes the structure of eduSource and how it will create linkages between repositories to promote an open marketplace and resource sharing.

  86. Design and Reusability of Learning Objects in an Academic Context: A New Economy of Education?
    Nov 12, 2002. eLearning: una sfida per l'universita, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy (Lecture). Learning objects are small digital materials that can be reused in numerous different online courses. This talk is aimed at explaining the concepts and processes that are part and parcel of the idea of the reusability of learning objects. After introducing the idea of learning objects by examining the patterns and reasons for their use, we will be presented with a survey of major initiatives, such as SCORM, AICC and IEEE-LOM, with the aim of creating a model structure for the use of learning objects. Through an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of these projects, the speaker concludes with some perspectives on the future of learning objects and developments that are needed to create an authentic learning objects economy. The RAM audio no longer seems to be available. Text.

  87. The Role of Quality in e-Learning: From "Page-Turners" to Motivating and Engaging Online Courses
    Oct 28, 2002. TExpo 2002, Enterprise Fredericton/Entreprise Fredericton, Fredericton, Canada (Lecture). Online learning fails when we use new technology to do old things – page turning, for example, works wonderfully in books, miserably online. In a similar manner, we will find that e-government fails when we use new technology to do old things – online voting and online town halls, for example, are good ideas that may turn out very badly. The key to success in both e-learning and e-government hinges on the idea of participation. This involves changing learners from passive consumers of learning to active producers of learning. And in e-government, this involves changing citizens from passive consumers of governance to active producers of governance.

  88. Elements of a Distributed Learning Object Repository
    May 31, 2002. AMTEC 2002, Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada (AMTEC), Regina, Canada (Lecture). I describe the Learning Object Browser, which may be a hosted website, but is more likely to be a stand-alone application specific to your internet access device. Most importantly, it is yours, you configure it, you establish the options. Functions of the LOB: find learning opportunities (note that I did not say courses, content or learning objects); retrieve specific learning instances (which may be courses, content, objects, applications, interactions, testing, more…); play learning instances either directly or via a nearby device.

  89. Distance Learning and the Daily News
    May 27, 2002. CADE 2002, Canadian Association for Distance Education, Calgary, Canada (Lecture). Discussion of development and design of OLDaily, my daily newsletter devoted to the subject of online learning. Outlines some of the major influences, describes previous experience in online email newsletters, and outlines major content, design and delivery issues.

  90. A World of Opportunity: E-Learning and Atlantic Canada
    Mar 20, 2002. Invited Lecture, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada (Lecture). In a series of stories and lessons, this talk describes different ways to approach online learning, one being based on a barge centralized system, and the other - essential for small regions like New Brunswick - based on a distributed and decentralized model.

  91. Building a Learning Community
    Apr 18, 2001. TAFE Frontiers, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia (Lecture). Discusses not only the essential elements of an online learning community but also what it takes to make an online community work.

  92. Understanding Online Learning
    Feb 22, 2001. Invited Lecture, Faculty of Arts, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia (Lecture). This presentation covers the basic structure of an online course and provides a number of examples. Topics include the advantages and disadvantages of online learning, elements of online learning, what works, what doesn?t, the future of online learning.

  93. Content Syndication and Online Learning
    Oct 16, 2000. NAWeb 2000, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada (Lecture). This paper divides into two parts. In the first part it defines and describes the RSS (Rich Site Summary) format and its emerging use as a format for content syndication by news and media organizations on the world wide web. Through the use of working models and demonstrations, the development, display and distribution of content modules via RSS will be discussed. In the second part, the theories and practice employed by news and media organizations are applied to online learning. Using MuniMall, an online learning community developed by the author, as an example, the method of integrating syndicated content with online courses and learning materials will be described and illustrated. Full paper.

  94. MuniMall: A Review
    Oct 06, 2000. Invited Lecture, Faculty of Extension, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada (Lecture). Overview of the MuniMall project (MuniMall is an online learning, information and resources community for the municipal sector in Alberta. Describes original project plan, changes to the concept, research and additional work.

  95. Aspects of Smart Communities
    Jun 26, 2000. Municipal Refresher Course, Government Studies, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada (Lecture). Description of the concept of a smart community (that is, a city or town that uses information technology to support governance and services) and discussion about how to implement new technology in an overall community framework.

  96. Learning Objects
    May 05, 2000. Leaders in Learning, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada (Lecture). Presentation which later became my Learning Objects paper on the theory and practice of reusable digital learning materials. Outlines the major arguments in favour of learning objects, describes their construction and the technical infrastructure that supports them, and then describes how they are used in a distributed learning environment. I actually gave this presentation twice, once to an internal audience (May 5) and then to the conference audience (May 8).

  97. The New Knowledge Economy
    Mar 20, 2000. Invited Lecture, Government Studies, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Lecture). Speaks to the effects of the Internet-based information communications technologies on society, commerce and governance. The presentation highlights the transformational consequences and prospects of information and communications technologies with special attention to local government and governance. Full document.

  98. On-Line Conferencing
    May 06, 1996. Distance education & technology: Future visions, Second annual professional development workshop, University College of the University of Maryland, Maryland, Online (Lecture). Many people consider on-line conferencing to be frivolous and wasteful of system resources. This has had in my mind profound consequences in the nature and shape of on-line conferencing today, beginning with the fact that its use must be justified over and over. Full article.  See also:

  99. In Defense of Meaning Holism
    Jun 16, 1994. Canadian Philosophical Association National Conference, Canadian Philosophical Association, Calgary, Alberta (Lecture). The idea of meaning holism is that the meaning of a word is not defined in terms of the word by itself (for example, by what it refers to or what it represents) but rather in defined in part by its relation to the other words in the language. Paper exists, but has not been digitized.

  100. Critical Thinking in the Classroom
    Feb 01, 1994. Instructors' Conference, Grande Prairie Regional College, Grande Prairie, Alberta (Lecture). In this presentation I outlined the essential elements of critical thinking and describe how they can be - and should be - applied in the classroom context. No slides, but I wrote a paper - view here.

  101. In Defense of Meaning Holism
    Nov 15, 1992. Western Canada Philosophy Association Annual Conference, Western Canada Philosophy Association, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Lecture). The idea of meaning holism is that the meaning of a word is not defined in terms of the word by itself (for example, by what it refers to or what it represents) but rather in defined in part by its relation to the other words in the language. Paper exists, but has not been digitized.

  102. The Problem of Perceptual Error
    Mar 15, 1992. 5th Annual Canadian Graduate Students' Conference in Philosophy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Lecture). In this talk I address the dilemma empiricists face when considering the fact that the senses may be wrong. Paper exists but is not digitized.

  103. Comment on David Martens (Mount Royal College), First-Person Attitudes and Intentional Action
    May 15, 1991. All-Alberta Philosophy Conference, Western Canada Philosophy Association, Lake Louise, Alberta (Lecture). I wrote this presentation on five table mats (in pretty small print) in the Post Hotel in Lake Louise.

  104. Foundationalism
    Mar 15, 1991. 4th Annual Canadian Graduate Students' Conference in Philosophy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Lecture). Foundationalism is the thesis that knowledge is underpinned by some self-evident or irrefutable propositions, such as the truths of logic or sense-data. In this talk I consider some arguments against foundationalism.

  105. Comment on Susan-Judith Hoffman, Post-Foundationalism: An Alternative to the Debate
    Mar 15, 1991. 4th Annual Canadian Graduate Students' Conference in Philosophy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Lecture). Hoffman presented an argument based on phenomenology, hypothesizing a direct connection between subject and object, which I objected to.

  106. Relevant Similarity
    Nov 15, 1990. Philosophy Workshop, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Lecture). This was an in-house presentation of a core element of a lot of my later work. The thesis of relevant similarity is that inference is made through metaphor and association, not logic and deduction. The associationism mechanisms better explain how children and animals draw inferences without language, and are based in the work of Hume and Mill. See post.

  107. Self Interest and Self Government
    Nov 11, 1989. 3rd Annual Canadian Graduate Students' Conference in Philosophy, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland (Lecture). This talk traces the progression of the companion theses of self-interest and self-government through the philosophies of Locke, Rousseau and Mill. Very often the depiction of self-interest, which is a negative trait, is misrepresentative of self-government, which is a positive trait. The paper was accepted but I couldn't make the trip, and it was read for me.

  108. Evidence and Theory Confirmation
    Oct 11, 1989. Western Canada Philosophical Association, Western Canada Philosophical Association, Calgary, Alberta (Lecture). The problem of induction is the well-known proposition that evidence is insufficient to confirm theories, based on the idea that theories are underdetermined by the evidence. This paper finds the problem to be found in the logicist method of theory confirmation rather than in the paucity of the evidence.

  109. Moore and Wittgenstein on Scepticism
    Oct 01, 1989. Philosophy Workshop, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Lecture). Moore says "Here is a hand" is a proposition that needs no further demonstration. Wittgenstein asks what it is that would make us certain about this proposition, and suggests that it is a "way of life".

  110. Resemblance and Mental Imagery
    Nov 01, 1988. 2nd Annual Canadian Graduate Students' Conference in Philosophy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario (Lecture). This paper addresses the debate between Pylyshyn and Kosslyn on the nature of mental imagery, arguing against the cognitivist perspective offered by the former.

  111. A Zen Critique of Transcendental Phenomenology
    Oct 01, 1988. Philosophy Workshop, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Lecture). Had fun with this one, comparing the non-objectivism of Zen with the similar stance in phenomenology. Paper exists, but hasn't been digitized.

  112. Humanism and the Copernican Revolution
    Mar 01, 1988. University of Alberta Graduate Research Symposium, Graduate Students' Association of the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Lecture). Giving the presentation in the Back Room at the Power Plant.

  113. Models and Modality
    Nov 01, 1987. 1st Annual Canadian Graduate Students' Conference in Philosophy, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario (Lecture). This talk was based on my Masters thesis. I argue that inferences based on models should not be substituted for more direct forms of perceptual knowledge; the model is not reality. Paper exists but has not been digitized.


  1. Designing For A Viable Online Professional Development Community
    Apr 25, 2001. AusWeb01, AusWeb, Coff's Harbour, Australia (Poster). This poster session will give conference delegates a chance to understand the conceptual framework for building the LearnScope Virtual Learning Community and how this framework has been translated into practice. A visual presentation combined with a chance to talk with Stephen Downes and the National LearnScope Team will assist in understanding the concept of building an online community. My one and only poster presentation. I also worked with some friends to create a video - the hands-on part of the conference - which is now long lost.


  1. Supporting Everyday Learning
    Apr 19, 2021. Canadian Network for Innovation in Education (CNIE) 2021, Online, via Zoom (Workshop). (Workshop) Stephen Downes, National Research Council Canada (workshop) Description: When we think of supporting learning, even everyday learning, most of us think in terms of supporting traditional students in online or in-person class environments, where the work being supported consists of subject matter acquisition, projects and labwork, discussions, assignments, and exam preparation. Yet for most of us, this mode of learning ceases the day we are handed our diplomas. And all of us, whether traditional students or not, engage in a much more casual everyday sort of learning, sometimes called informal learning, and sometimes called self-managed learning. Based on two decades' experience supporting everyday learning for professionals and practitioners, this workshop focuses on the thinking behind providing learning on an everyday basis where there are no classes, projects or assignments. Based on an actual and active online learning initiative that includes occasional ...

  2. Your Instant Decentralized Learning Community
    Mar 08, 2021. INTED, Online, via Zoom (Workshop). In this hands-on interactive session Stephen Downes will lead participants as they create a distributed online community, thus modeling a practice that can be used for any class or learning group. Participants learn how to use their own website or blog to keep connected with the community using content syndication and to connect them with social media sites. Downes talks about the dynamics of distributed online conversations, demonstrating with examples how these can combine digital learning with individual agency, as well as providing links to people and resources beyond individual courses and platforms. Please note The audio cuts out when viewing full-slide scenes in the YouTube video, however, the full audio is available without interruption from the audio link.

  3. How to Help Students Succeed by Taking Ownership of Their Learning Online Through Personal Learning
    Jul 30, 2020. Contact North Webinars, Contact North, Online, Via Zoom (Workshop). The terms “personalized learning” and “personal learning” are frequently used in online learning but are very different concepts. This is an interactive one-hour webinar to assist faculty and instructors on how to help students succeed by taking ownership of their learning online utilizing the concept of personal learning. [Google Slides] [Text Transcript]

  4. Distributed Learning Technologies and Next Generation E-Learning
    Oct 18, 2019. eLearning Africa 2019, eLearning Africa, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire (Workshop). We trace nine major elements of the new internet and its impact on e-learning. Full-day workshop. Download the workshop handout Photo: Irene Maweu Handout: This is an embedded Microsoft Office presentation, powered by Office.

  5. Topics in Distributed Learning Technology
    Oct 03, 2019. Faculty of Health Disciplines Professional Development Workshop, Athabasca University, Edmonton, Alberta (Workshop). These slides were used for a full-day workshop on distributed learning technology. They incorporate elements of the critical literacies methodology, and summarize with an explanation of personal learning. Topics covered include data, cloud, graph, resources, community, identity, recognition, experience and agency. Note that audio and video are 7 hours (with a lot of dead air). Also available is the 44 page handout (PDF) (Backup) given to workshop participants. Photo: Shawn Fraser.

  6. gRSShopper in a Box
    Dec 06, 2017. Online Educa Berlin, Berlin, Germany (Workshop). Overview of server virtualization, setup of Vagrant box for gRSShopper, an overview of the gRSShopper application, including its use in a Firefox panel.

  7. The Living Library Session
    Aug 25, 2017. Konferencja Pokazać – Przekazać, Warsaw, Poland (Workshop). Very informal session in the 'Living Library' format (my first such) in which people dropped in and out to ask one or a few questions of me. Topics ranged all over the map. The photo (at right) was taken at the conference.

  8. Leading Into Our Futures
    Jul 08, 2017. CICan Leadership Institute for Presidents and Directors General, Colleges and Institutes Canada, Mont Tremblant, Quebec (Workshop). In this presentation we engaged in a design exercise considering how we would develop the post-secondary education system from scratch if we were starting today. This discussion was set in a context of participant-selected stakeholders and benefits along with a background discussion of emerging technologies and trends. Presentation Slides in Google Docs.

  9. Developing a Personal Learning Infrastructure
    Nov 30, 2016. OEB 2016, Online Educa Berlin, Berlin, Germany (Workshop). In this workshop we examine the various parts of a personal learning environment and moot the development of a PLE architecture.

  10. Developing a Personal Learning Infrastructure
    Jul 29, 2016. TCU International e-Learning Conference 2016, Thailand Cyber University, Thailand Ministry of Education, Bangkok, Thailand (Workshop). This workshop will map the technological infrastructure for a personal learning network. It will describe the major protocols supporting personal learning and describe how third party applications (such as simulation engines or learning management systems) interact with personal learning environments. Offered both in Chang Mai and Bangkok.

  11. Learning, Doing, and the Golden Ratio
    Jun 16, 2016. Workshop, Université de Hearst, Kapuskasing, Ontario (Workshop). Workshop I did for staff and others. I mixed two major threads of my recent work: first, the six critical literacies, and second, six 'new trends' in online learning. The workshop gave each participant roles with respect to these threads, mixed them together in different ways, then finally produced a set of six statements that represented the wisdom of the workshop - the emergent learning, if you will. I thought the results were great, and I may well try this workshop again. Three hours of audio, but maybe worth it.

  12. Developing a Personal Learning Infrastructure with Stephen Downes
    Dec 02, 2015. Online Educa Berlin 2016, Online Educa Berlin, Berlin, Germany (Workshop). This workshop steps through design elements of a personal learning environment and underlying technologies. Note that the audio and video files are some five hours long, and while I've tried to cut out the time spent working in groups, there's a fair amount of dead air. There's also a lot of great content!

  13. Designing Personal Learning Environments
    Aug 26, 2015. Invited Talk, University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico (Workshop). This is the outline I used for the 'Designing Personal Learning Environments' workshop we held at the University of Guadalajara today. We fit the exercises into a four hour period which made it very fast-paced and intensive. I think it went pretty well. View the handout.

  14. How to Build a MOOC
    Nov 04, 2014. Unbordering Education, Tumo Center for Creative Technologies, KASA Swiss Humanitarian Foundation, Yerevan, Armenia (Workshop). With a "small but mighty group" I demonstrated the various technologies we use to create a MOOC, including audio recording, Hangouts, and various other content creation and aggregation tools.

  15. MOOC Tools (Not what you think)
    Nov 02, 2014. Unbordering Education, Tumo Center for Creative Technologies, KASA Swiss Humanitarian Foundation, Yerevan, Armenia (Workshop). Workshop describing a variety of tools that can be used to create a MOOC on the cheap. Follows the Aggregate-Remix-Repurpose-Feed Forward model.

  16. MOOC Workshop
    Dec 07, 2012. Primer Congreso de Pedagogía y TIC, Universidad de Ibagué, Ibague, Colombia (Workshop). All-day workshop on massive open online courses (MOOCs) offered at this conference in Ibague and recorded using Google Hangouts. No slides, no audio yet  (though I can extract it from the video). I think the recording went pretty well all things considered. Parts two and three of the video are below:  

  17. How to Organize a MOOC
    Sept 10, 2011. IV Innovar para Trascender Simposio de la COMINAIC, Instituciones de Educación Superior (ANUIES), Ameca and Guadalajara, Mexico (Workshop). Long set of slides (really a compilation and reordering of four previous slide sets) for my workshop held in Ameca, Mexico (Setember 6, 2011) and Guadalajara, Mexico (September 7, 2011). The first day (for which there are no slides) I offered a demonstration of my gRSShopper system. The slides then examine the theory behind that application. Part 1, Ameca, Mexico, September 6 Download MP3 Part 2 (cut a bit short), Guadalajara, Mexico, September 7 Download MP3 Part 3, Guadalajara, Mexico, September 7 Download MP3

  18. Web 2.0 in Learning
    Jan 14, 2008. Web 2.0 in Learning, FiK International, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Workshop). Two day seminar. I have audio of presentations from the first day: Morning,Afternoon. Filled up the recorder part way through the afternoon. I covered major tools, technologies and design approaches using web 2.0 applications to support learning. ZaidLearn has extensive coverage. You can also read the workshop plan document.

  19. E-Learning 2.0: Tools and Topics
    Sept 05, 2006. WWW Applications, Central University of Technology, Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa (Workshop). I had a nice time in the Free State capital of Bloemfontein, where I conducted a preconference workshop September 5 and a keynote address September 6. The workshop, E-Learning 2.0: Tools and Topics, was based on my wiki presentation (link no longer works and wasn't archived) though to be honest, we hardly touched the wiki. That said, the live Skypecast worked beautifully. Here's the audio: part one (14 meg), part two (8 meg), part three (24 meg).

  20. From EduBlogs to the Collective Consciousness (Director's Cut)
    Feb 26, 2006. ASTE 2006, Alaska Society for Technology in Education, Anchorage, Alaska (Workshop). I'm at the ASTE conference in Anchorage, Alaska, where I conducted an all day seminar yesterday (the "Director's Cut") and a keynote address this morning. For the seminar I created a Jot wiki. Here are the PowerPoint slides from the keynote. I also have audio from the seminar - Part One, Part Two, each about 18 megabytes. And audio from the keynote, about 9 megabytes.

  21. Grande Yellowhead Seminar
    Jan 19, 2006. Invited Workshop, Grande Yellowhead School Division, Edson, Alberta (Workshop). Two day seminar in Edson, Alberta. Part 1 - an introductory session; I review blogging tools, have people create blogs, discuss wikis and content management systems, and RSS. Part 2 - Discussion on the role of blogging and similar technologies in learning, how they fit in with current practice; coverage of Flickr and Writely, podcasting and Creative Commons and open licensing. Part 3 - Discussion on the role these technologies can play in the schools, supported with a number of examples (see the Wiki page); discussion on social bookmarking ( and Furl) and social networking, including a look at promoting internet safety for students. Part 4 - I talk about the changing environment, discuss the Cluetrain Manifesto and the disintermediation of power; discussion on the role of learner-centered learning, Connectivism and learning networks; plans for the future at Grande Yellowhead and elsewhere in Alberta. Page of notes written by an attendee.

  22. I'm Toasting the Presentation Slides...
    Nov 12, 2005. Open Source for Education in Europe, Open University of the Netherlands, Heerlen, Netherlands (Workshop). ... which is unfortunate because they would have helped. Audio recording of a workshop in which I describe gRSShopper and how it has been developed to support OLDaily and similar initiatives.

  23. E-Learning 2.0
    Oct 28, 2005. TESIC, Technology Education Special Interest Council, Gander, Newfoundland (Workshop). This workshop covers trends like learner-centered design, connectivism, open resources, and related topics in order to present a comprehensive picture of web-enabled learning and learning networks, compiled under the heading of e-learning 2.0. No audio.

  24. E-Learning 2.0
    Jun 10, 2005. Invited Workshop, Canadian Heritage Information Network (CHIN), Gatineau, Quebec (Workshop). I spent the day at the Canadian Heritage Information Network engaged in a lengthy and free-wheeling discussion of the concepts surrounding E-Learning 2.0 Although the PowerPoint Slides for my presentation today are basically the same as those I used in Edmonton a few months ago, the discussion was much more wide ranging. Audio segments (each about an hour): Part One, Part Two, Part Three.

  25. Blogs, RSS and Cool Stuff
    Nov 19, 2004. New Directions in Learning, Yukon College, Whitehorse, Yukon (Workshop). Mr. Downes will participate with Yukon educators and technology professionals in a workshop that will introduce participants to specific technologies that are (or will be) available to Yukon educators, learners and researchers that can change the nature and scope of learning for the future. 

  26. Blogs, Learning Objects, and Other Cool Stuff
    Oct 19, 2003. NAWeb 2003, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Workshop). From out of nowhere, it seems, weblogs, content syndication and new technologies such as XML, RSS, SOAP and REST have come to symbolize the next generation of e-learning technologies. Even for seasoned designers and programmers, these new technologies seem to offer nothing more than a new alphabet soup. What do they do? How do they work? Full text.

  27. The Learning Object Economy
    Oct 20, 2002. NAWeb 2002, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Workshop). The intent of this workshop is to provide a comprehensive overview of learning objects and related topics for the non-technical reader. Common arguments identifying a need for learning objects are described. The development of learning objects is placed into a theoretical context by identifying the underlying concepts in computer science, standards initiatives and distance learning theory from which they evolved. Learning objects are then looked at from a practical point of view. Tools and techniques for creating learning objects are described. Finally, the learning object economy as a whole is developed. This is the system of learning object repositories, distribution systems and rights management. Document. Also, my blog from the conference.

  28. Syndicated Learning
    Aug 13, 2002. Distance Teaching and Learning Conference, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison,United States (Workshop). Online courses do not have to be confined within the pages of a remote Web site or course space. With e-mail newsletters and similar 'soft push' technologies, the reach of an online course can be extended beyond the bounds of the course itself and become a part of a learner's day-to-day activities. The presenter will introduce tools such as RSS and Javascript feeds for creating syndicated learning. The theory of syndicated educational content creation and design principles will also be discussed. Note: zero  attendees for this session. Document.

  29. Online Learning Communities
    May 15, 2001. Invited Workshop, Virginia West Community College, Roanoke, Virginia (Workshop). No digital record of this event exists, and the date is an approximation, but I flew to Virginia West Community College in Roanoke to give a full-day workshop on learning communities. I wasn't really prepared, and then surprised to be in a large auditorium with an audience of only ten people. It was very odd, and not a very good workshop. But we visited a winery and I got to see Roanoke.

  30. Knowledge Management
    Jan 15, 2001. Invited Presentation, Justice Institute of BC, Vancouver, British Columbia (Workshop). The date of this event is a bit of a guess, and there are no digital resources for it (I have some printed materials somewhere in my files). Basically I did three workshops for them, all loosely arranged around the these of knowledge management. Fifteen years later, I still have (and wear) the blue knit shirt I was given with the Justice Institute of BC logo on it.

  31. Exploring New Directions in Online Learning
    Oct 14, 2000. NAWeb, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada (Workshop). This full day preconference session is a comprehensive overview of trends in online learning. A large set of notes, this presentation is almost like a long paper. Major topics include online learning communities, learning objects and knowledge management. Full paper. Presentation web site.

  32. Practical Issues in Getting Your Course On-line
    Oct 03, 1998. NAWeb98, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Workshop). This session explores what we want to accomplish in on-line education, then looks at the design, platform and delivery models needed to meet those objectives. The session is supported with web-based resources. In addition, space is provided for comment and discussion before and after the session.

  33. Getting Your Course On-line
    Oct 05, 1997. NAWeb97, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Workshop). This session explores what we want to accomplish in on-line education, then looks at the design, platform and delivery models needed to meet those objectives. The session is supported with web-based resources. In addition, space is provided for comment and discussion before and after the session.  

  34. How to Build a (Dynamic) Web-Based Course
    Feb 21, 1997. Invited Presentation, University of Alberta, Keyano College, Edmonton, Alberta and Fort McMurray, Alberta (Workshop). The purpose of this session is to introduce participants to the nature and process of creating a web-based course. After the session, participants should be able to list the major components of a web-based course and the technologies used to support them, criticize examples of web-based courses, list the roles involved in we-based course development and identify their own place among them, and follow the process of web-based course development in order to produce their own web-based course. The presentation built in HTML intended to demonstrate through example how to build a web based course. It runs through an introduction before allowing users to view the contents page.


  1. The Future of Learning Technology: 10 Key Tools and Methods
    Sept 21, 2022. Webinar, Contact North, Online, via Zoom (Seminar). At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the education system in Canada and around the world received an unexpected shock as schools, colleges and universities closed and people began working and learning from home. As faculty, instructors, students, administrators, policy-makers and funders, we learned a lot. But what can we expect in the future? In this webinar, Contact North I Contact Nord Research Associate Stephen Downes discusses the 10 major educational technology tools, methods and developments that are expected to be more widely adopted within two to three years and will likely be mainstream by 2030. See also the associated research report published by Contact North.

  2. Data Literacy
    May 11, 2022. In-house, NRC, Ottawa (Seminar). Video slide presentation to accompany my data literacy report (79 page PDF). It's a comprehensive analysis opf the concept of data literacy, descrivbing the overall competencies involved, methods for assessing data literacy, and methods for enhancing data literacy.

  3. The Search for the Social Algorithm
    Oct 19, 2021. , (Seminar). This is a short 15-minute version of a longer presentation; I offered this condensed version at an in-house meeting at NRC and felt it was worth sharing the slides, audio and video to a wider audience. This was the first of three presentations I gave today in a three hour span, all different, which I bring to you as a set.

  4. Future Learning Environments
    Apr 28, 2021. Conversation with Task Force, Nazarbayev University, Kazakhstan, Online, via Zoom (Seminar). This is a conversation with a working group based in Kazakhstan studying the future of the institution, both in the short term, to respond to the post-pandemic environment, and also in the longer term, considering what the ideal learning environment might look like. No slides. The featired video has good audio quality, but the remote voices echo; here's an alternative video that shows the other speakers and has no echo, but has lower video quality.

  5. Connectivism
    Apr 27, 2021. Webinar Sharing Session on Connectivism Learning Theory, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Online, to Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia, via WebEx (Seminar). A comprehensive overview of connectivism. This presentation defines connectivism and distinguishes it from some other theories, looks at how learning actually happens, how to understand or interpret connectivism in a practical way, and how to think of connectivism as a theory of pedagogy.

  6. Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic: How to Improve How We Teach and Learn Online
    Mar 01, 2021. Seminar Series, Contact North, Online, via Zoom (Seminar). Colleges and universities are rapidly responding to the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic by leveraging the power of the Internet for both real-time sessions and online learning anytime. Some colleges and universities are doing exceptional work. Some are struggling, others are challenged but are “making it”. In this interactive webinar, Stephen Downes presents: • 10 lessons from teaching and learning in a pandemic; • Three challenges of leveraging these lessons for “what’s next” in online and blended learning; • Three specific ways we can facilitate improvements in teaching and learning, based on these 10 lessons.

  7. Thinking Aloud About Open Data Repositories
    Dec 01, 2020. Team Presentation, National Research Council, Online vs MS Teams (Seminar). This is a bit of thinking aloud about how we should approach the subject of data repositories from the perspective of data equity. I look at why we would do this, what challenges need to be addressed, who owns data, and how we should go about it (note - in the slide presentations the animations work - just click on the cross shaped-icons).

  8. Open Recognition Networks
    Oct 26, 2020. ePIC 2020 – 18th International Conference , Open Recognition Alliance, Online via Zoom (Seminar). Recent technologies such as badges and blockchain have added a new dimension to online skills recognition. In a recent MOOC, Stephen Downes implemented both, and in this presentation will outline the process and technology employed. From this starting point, Downes will discuss the concept of recognition more broadly and explore how new forms and processes of recognition are now possible, leading to the development of open recognition networks. In addition to outlining the technology of open recognition networks and showing some examples, Downes will survey how they interoperate with other technologies, such as competencies and skills analytics, and discuss some of the potential social, ethical and cultural challenges such systems introduce.

  9. Ethical Codes and Learning Analytics
    Jun 22, 2020. EDEN 2020 Annual Conference, European Distance Education Network, Timisoara, Romania, via Zoom (Seminar). The growth and development of learning analytics has placed a range of new capacities into the hands of educational institutions. At the same time, this increased capacity has raised a range of ethical issues. A common approach to address these issues is to develop an ethical code of conduct for practitioners. Such codes of conduct are drawn from similar codes in other disciplines. Some authors assert that there are fundamental tenets common to all such codes. This paper consists of an analysis of ethical codes from other disciplines. It argues that while there is some overlap, there is no set of principles common to all disciplines. The ethics of learning analytics will therefore need to be developed on criteria specific to education. We conclude with some ideas about how this ethic will be determined and what it may look like. Full Paper, References

  10. Toward a Distributed OER Network
    Jun 11, 2019. ICOE “Smart Education” Webinar , International Community for Open Education (ICOE), Beijing, via Adobe Connect (Seminar). This short presentation looks at some of the problems inherent in traditional OER repositories and describes the first steps in the creation of a distributed OER network, called Content Addressable Resources for Education (CARE).

  11. A Quick Look at the Future of OER
    Mar 05, 2019. Open Education Week: 24-Hour Global CC Network Web-a-thon, Online, via Uberconference (Seminar). This talk looks at the impact of new technologies – specifically, open data, cloud technologies, AI and distributed ledgers (blockchain) – on the future shape of OER – what they will look like, how they will be used, and what skills and knowledge will be needed to develop and use them.

  12. Electron Express
    Feb 28, 2019. In-House, National Research Council, Ottawa (Seminar). This is an overview of how applications are being created for the web and the desktop using Node.js packages including Express and Electron. It's intended for a non-technical audience and describes how the software works and what it can do. This not a 'how-to' guide, it's a survey of the landscape.

  13. Distributed Ledger Technologies like Blockchain…looking under the hood
    Nov 23, 2018. Internal Seminar, National Research Council Canada, Ottawa (Seminar). This presentation provides an overview of blockchain and related technologies, exploring some of the underlying technologies, raising issues, and discussing potential applications. Offered to an internal NRC audience, it was presented in both English and French, with simultaneous translation provided by me. French slides here.

  14. Topics in Distributed Ledger Technology
    Aug 30, 2018. In-house Workshop, National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, Ontario (Seminar). This is an in-house presentation presentation looks at key underlying concepts of blockchain and related technologies - distributed, ledgers, hash functions, consensus. It discusses applications, some of the major coin projects, platforms and services, and some issues with this approach. First presented in-house August 30, 2018. Audio is from a second presentation October 4, 2018.

  15. Review of Ethically Aligned Design
    Mar 13, 2018. HCT Reading Club, National Research Council, Ottawa, via Jabber (Seminar). In this presentation I review Ethically Aligned Design by The IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems, focusing on the section on classical ethics in autonomous and intelligent systems (A/IS).

  16. MOOCs, OERs and Consciousness
    Nov 14, 2017. AU 801 - Advanced Topics and Issues in Distance Education, Athabasca University, Athabasca, via Adobe Connect (Seminar). Let’s work in the other direction, from our understanding of consciousness, to what learning (MOOCs, OERs) need to be

  17. Topics in Connectivism
    Aug 28, 2017. Konferencja Pokazać – Przekazać, Warsaw, Poland (Seminar). This longish discussion covers four major topic areas: open networks, personal learning, the personal learning environment, and critical literacies. It was delivered in the dark in a planetarium. During the actual talk we skipped over the third topic.

  18. Informal Discussion on the Future of Educational Media
    Mar 05, 2016. Educational Technology Summit 2016, Eğitim Teknolojileri Zirvesi, Istanbul, Turkey (Seminar). Video only, no slides.

  19. LPSS: Learning and Performance Support System
    Apr 28, 2015. In-House Presentation, National Research Council, Ottawa, Ontario (Seminar). In-house presentation of the LPSS program about 18 months into its mandate, overviewing the design philosophy, the description of personal learning, the major elements of the program, and several of the client projects.

  20. The MOOC Workshop
    Feb 05, 2015. Education Technology Strategies 2015, Strategy Institute, Toronto, Ontario (Seminar). This is a three hour workshop on creating MOOCs. The audio seems to have failed on the video recording, making it possibly the worst video ever. But I did record backup audio, and while the quality isn't as good, it at least exists. In the workshop I went through major aspects of creating a MOOC, including technical support, design, content and pedagogy, and success measures.

  21. The Challenges (and Future) of Networked Learning
    Sept 05, 2014. Invited presentation, Escuela de Administración, Finanzas y Tecnología, Medellín , Medellin, Colombia, Online via Vidyo (Seminar). A conversation about challenges (and future?) of networked learning. A broad understanding of the meaning and potential of networked learning can help educational institutions to rethink their role beyond the provision of LMS and centralized information systems. What skills are needed? What happens if we don't develop them?  What kind of technology supports the development of said skills? What's the relation between this and issues of information property and citizenship in a digital context (POSSE models, Indie web movement)?

  22. Free Learning from a Development Perspective
    Jul 18, 2014. Invited talk, Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada, Gatineau, Quebec (Seminar). The slides in this presentation address: first, the relation between connectivism and free learning; second, the development of our understanding of networks and network technology; and third, the policy framework needed to enourage and promote free learning for development. The audio doesn't finish the slides but is an engaging discussion between myself and DFATDC staff.

  23. Beyond Institutions - Personal Learning in a Networked World
    Jul 09, 2014. Network EDFE Seminar Series, London School of Economics, London, England (Seminar). In this presentation I look at the needs and demands of people seeking learning with the models and designs offered by traditional institutions, and in the spirit of reclaiming learning describe a new network-based sysyetm of education with the learner managing his or her education.

  24. Cooperation and Collaboration
    May 26, 2014. International Workshop on Mass Collaboration and Education, Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien, Tübingen, Germany (Seminar). In this presentation I revisit some of my work on 'groups and networks' to draw out the distinction between cooperation and collaboration for this mass collaboration workshop. I argue that mass collaboration may be impossible to achieve, and show how we employed a principle of mass cooperation to support massive open online courses (MOOCs). I also introduced new terminology, using the term 'collective' to describe what I have been calling 'groups', and 'connectives' to describe what I have been calling networks.

  25. Learning and Performance Support Systems
    Feb 27, 2014. Invited Presentation, Defence Research and Development Canada (DRDC) , Toronto, Ontario (Seminar). Short presentation to a government and research audience outlining the major aspects of the Learning and Performance Support Systems program, which I led between 2014-2016.

  26. TIC y Educación
    Dec 10, 2013. Tecnologías de la Información y Modelos Alternativos, Universidad Pedagógica Nacional, Mexico, Ajusco, México, via Skype (Seminar). In this presentation to  I outline major forms of open online learning, contrasting between formal and informal learning mechanisms, publishing and community-based production models, and forms of recognition and certification. English, with translation into Spanish. The audio quality is quite good, just skip past the first 2 minutes of Skype misbehaving.

  27. Notes for UNCTAD's Advisory Group
    Dec 10, 2013. Advisory Group on Developing skills, knowledge and capacities through innovation: E-Learning, M-Learning, cloud-Learning, United Nations Committee on Trade and Development, Geneva, Switzerland, by Google Hangout (Seminar).   In this presentation for UNCTAD's Advisory Group on "Developing skills, knowledge and capacities through innovation: E-Learning, M-Learning, cloud-Learning" I outline major forms of open online learning, contrasting between formal and informal learning mechanisms, publishing and community-based production models, and forms of recognition and certification. The audio has a lot of echo (feedback from the other venue) - The transcript of the presntation is available here.

  28. The Habits of Highly Connected Learners
    Oct 25, 2013. Integrating Technology 4 Active Lifelong Learning, WizIQ, Online, via WizIQ (Seminar). Presentation given to the Integrating Technology 4 Active Lifelong Learning WizIQ course October 20, 2013. In Part A I outline the major principles of successful networks - autonomy, diversity, interactivity, openness. This sets the stage for understanding the importance of the seven habits of connected learners in part B.

  29. Through the MOOC Darkly - Reflections on Life, Learning and the Future of Education
    Jul 24, 2013. Saylor Speaker Series, Saylor Foundation, Washington D.C., online, via Google Hangout (Seminar). Overview of thoughts related to the future of education, looking at the idea of learning as personal development, that aspect of the value proposition of universities, how that affects what we understand MOOCs to be and their role in learning generally, and the relation of learning to the economy and life generally.

  30. Connectivism, Online Learning, and the MOOC
    Jun 17, 2013. Integrating Technology 4 Active Lifelong Learning, WizIQ, Online, via WizIQ (Seminar). Longish online WizIQ presentation that looks mostly at the concept of learning theories and MOOCs. The first part examines in some detail the concept of knowledge rmployed in MOOC pedagogy - this is a view of knowledge as recognition of emergent phenomena from networks of connected entities. It them looks at learning theories properly so-called, which are theories describing the mechanisms that form, strengthen or weaken connections. From this is derives the main elements of MOOC pedagogy and network design. The class was hosted by Nellie Deutsch.

  31. MOOCs and OERs in Moncton
    Jun 06, 2013. GTA Seminar, Université de Moncton, Moncton, New Brunswick (Seminar). Long long loooong presentation (almost four hours, though there's 15 minutes of set-up at the start and a 15-minute break in the middle) about the thinking behind MOOCs and the tools I've developed to build them. The first half looks first at the idea of  creating and sharing content as a matter of course. Then I look at how people learn, and talk about learning as a process of recognition. Then we go through the animation Connectivism link in today's newsletter. After the break, I take a step-by-step walk through gRSShopper, the software that runs this site and all of the MOOCs I've run, showing how the software and the theory both developed iteratively through use over a period of fifteen years or so.

  32. OERs, MOOCs and the Future
    May 25, 2013. Vancouver Island University's Online Learning and Teaching Diploma - OLTD 505: OERs, Vancouver Island University, Online, via Blackboard Collaborate (Seminar). Overview discussing open educational resources (OERs) and massive open online courses (MOOCs) as they relate to the future. Issues considered include varieties of openness, licensing and combining resources, access, the nature of definitions, types of MOOCs, change and the future.

  33. Massive Open Online Support for Education (MOOSE)
    May 06, 2013. University College of the North, University College of the North, Thompson, Manitoba via Google Hangout (Seminar). Discussion of the concept of Massive Open Online Courses as they evolved from the development of open online learning and evolved into a means of offering social and immersive learning online. The context was a discussion of officials from the University College of the North in Manitoba, which is mandated to provide learning to numerous communities scattered across a large northern environment.

  34. MOOCs in Context: the re.mooc in Africa
    Mar 11, 2013. Invited Talk, EPFL Media Design Lab, Lausanne, Switzerland, via Skype (Seminar). Organized with Alex Barchiesi, postdoc in EPFL Media Design Lab (after a PhD in Particle physics), based on his concept of the re.mooc: how to re-use the material coming from the xMOOC and reorganize it in a localized version that could facilitate the "After school" education in African coutries. 

  35. MOOC et REL
    Feb 05, 2013. Atelier REL , Université de Moncton, Moncton (Seminar). Presentation in French on the subject of MOOCs, their design and intent, and their relation to open educational resources (REL).

  36. OER Minicourse
    Nov 23, 2012. MoodleMoodUY, Universidad de la República Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay (Seminar). 2.5 hour minicourse on the topic of open educational resources. This is a class session, not a lecture, so there are periods of chaos, group discussions, and more. Enjoyable, if confusing, listening. Topics covered include the definition of OERs, creating OERs, and OER metadata and discovery. Licensing is mentioned and covered in the slides but wasn't a major topic. G+ class page.

  37. MOOC Online Support
    Sept 10, 2012. , Chile, via Hangout (Seminar). This presentation, delivered by Hangout to a group in Chile, focuses on MOOCs from the institutional perspective, highlighting the roles of harvesting, site management, user management, and distribution. (Please note that my information about the event has been lost, so if you have information, please let me know).

  38. The World Beyond the Word
    Aug 19, 2012. Destination: Innovation, Education Society, Banff, Alberta (Seminar). In order to manage the deluge of data produced by modern technology, a rapidly changing society, and challenging environmental and economic systems, we need to relearn what we understand as social and scientific literacy. The students of today and the innovators of tomorrow will speak languages we barely recognize today. What are the fundamentals of these new literacies, how do we learn them and teach them, and how do they redefine innovation in the future? In this talk Stephen Downes describes a future in which learning is a creative act and the environments and technologies that will be needed to support this learning.

  39. Models, Technological Resources and Knowledge Management
    Jun 21, 2012. XIII Encuentro Virtual Educa, Organización de los Estados Americanos, Panama City, Panama (Seminar). To offer effective e-learning it is important to get the model right, but this is difficult. I suggest that the internet itself is the model we need to use. This suggests a set of open learning resources that extends beyond content and even conversation but also activities and interactions.

  40. Publishing Paradigms of the Future: Where are We Headed?
    May 27, 2012. Congress of the Canadian Federation of Humanities and Social Sciences , Canadian Association of Learned Journals, Waterloo, Ontario (Seminar). This presentation depicts the future of publishing as open, digital and distributed, pointing to innovations such as eBooks, learning resource repositories, mobile applications, and the like. It points to the blending of social networks with learning resources, and looks at some of the supporting technology such as cloud storage, OAuth, and research sidebars.

  41. Patterns of Progress
    May 07, 2012. Comment survivre au progrès, Université de Hearst, Hearst, Ontario, via Skype (Seminar). I gave a talk today on the subject of progress for students in the Comment survivre au progrès? course being offered in Hearst, Ontario - a talk I would have liked to have given in French but decided out of caution to offer in English. In the first part, I survey the various ways of describing and looking at change, and in the send part, I look at these patterns as they cross our discussions of and conception of progress. I had Ronald Wright's A Short History of Progress in mind, which I read over the week-end, as well as David Wiley's latest effort to understand me.

  42. Facilitating a Massive Open Online Course
    Feb 24, 2012. IMU-LS, International Medical University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, online, via WizIQ (Seminar). In this (nearly 2 hour online) talk Stephen Downes, one of the originators of the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) format, described the organization and management of a MOOC, beginning with the arrangement of technology, organization of learning materials, communications with students, support tasks, and interaction with guest presenters. This talk is based on fifteen years' experience designing and delivering web-based instruction, as well as knowledge amassed though the delivery of six MOOCs to almost ten thousand students since 2008.

  43. The Limits of Learning Design
    Feb 23, 2012. Association for Learning Technology Seminar, Association for Learning Technology, London, online via Elluminate (Seminar). In this session I present my side of a debate or discussion with Diana Laurillard regarding the Limits of Instructional Design. I approach the question from the perspective of LD as a language, and suggest that as such it abstracts in a certain way and consequently defines and imposes a particular perspective on the topic, a perspective that is either arbitrary or cannot be supported from available evidence. The Elluminate recording and Diana's slides are available at the ALT Repository.

  44. The Role of Educator in a Networked World
    Nov 09, 2011. for EC&I 831: Social Media & Open Education, Alec Couros, University of Regina, Online, via Elluminate (Seminar). In this presentation I revisit the 'role of the educator' discussion I offered last year for the same course, offering a point of view stressing a new approach to learning, and drawing out the consequences of that in a series of new roles for educators, leading to the conclusion that the role of the educator itself will be unbundled in the world of online learning.

  45. Elements of Connectivism
    Sept 22, 2011. Creativity and Multicultural Communication CMC11, Empire State College Centre for Distance Learning, Online to Saratoga Springs, NY via Elluminate (Seminar). Presentation to the ESC Creativity and Multicultural Communication course on the topic of connectivist pedagogy. The argument made is that this pedagogy is based on principles related to what makes networks successful.

  46. Informal Conversation
    Apr 29, 2011. Center for Distance Education 2011, Empire State College Centre for Distance Learning, Saratoga Springs, New York (Seminar).

  47. The PLENK, The PLE and We
    Dec 01, 2010. Service New Brunswick Regional managers Meeting, Service New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Seminar). In this presentation I outline the work done presenting connectivist style courses over the last two years, demonstrate the course screen, demonstrate the use of the gRSShopper backend to create a newsletter, and talk about the theory of distributed learning underlying the design. SNB's Stephen Dixon introduces the session and also, after the talk, described how such a system could be used to support communication and learning in government applications. The audio also include a Skype conversation with Jay Nath - - Director of Innovation from the City of San Francisco.

  48. The Role of Educator in a PLE World
    Nov 17, 2010. EC&I 831: Social Media & Open Education, University of Regina, Online, via Elluminate (Seminar). In this presentation I argue that the role of the educator has become unbundled and is now a wide variety of different roles, usually performed by different people.

  49. Personal Learning Environments and PLENK2010
    Oct 20, 2010. Training Development Officers, National Research Council, Halifax, via Skype and (Seminar). I describe the organization of connectivist courses such as CCK08 and PLENK2010, demonstrate some of the technology, and discuss some of the thinking behind the design.

  50. The Representative Student
    Jun 23, 2010. Technology Enhanced Knowledge Research Institute (TEKRI) at Athabasca University, Athabasca University, Edmonton, Alberta (Seminar). In this presentation I explore two related questions: first, what is the role of models and simulations both in delivering learning, and in learning about learning; and second, what is the relation between adaptive courseware, and the social network approach to learning based on creativity and communication? The Elluminate recording is available here.

  51. Buenos Aires Meetup
    May 08, 2010. MeetUp, Colegio Las Cumbres, Buenos Aires, Argentina (Seminar). Audio recording of our meetup session May 7 in Buenos Aires. About 20 teachers were there at Colegio Las Cumbres. In the end, the discussion centered around the key issue of whether to give guidance or let students discover on their own. No slides.

  52. A Conversation in Tigre
    May 02, 2010. Informal Conversation, Tigre, Argentina (Seminar). This is an informal conversation between myself and students of Alejandro Piscitelli's at his home. The conversation is fairly wide ranging, talking about reality and truth, right answers and practical solutions. Mostly, it's me offering my opinions - it's a bit one-sided - but I think it's entertaining.

  53. Connectivism in Practice: Critical Thinking as a Distributed Course
    Apr 22, 2010. Interactive Technology in Education - conference , Hämeen kesäyliopisto (Häme Summer University)., Hämeenlinna, Finland, by Skype (Seminar). In this presentation I describe the next step of my work in online connectivist courses, the Critical Literacies course that will be starting in June. This course attempts to teach the literacies I believe are needed to flourish in a connectivist environment; this presentation describes those literacies and that course.

  54. OERs and DIYU
    Apr 09, 2010. R685 on the Web 2.0 (The World Is Open With Web Technology) , School of Education, University of Indiana, Online, via Breeze (Seminar). Though directed toward an examination of open educational resources and the DIY university, this talk ends up being an overview of a large swath of my own educational philosophy, as drawn from the statement that is posted on my home page. Audio (great sound) and slides are available. There is also a recording of the Breeze session available (the photo above is from about 1:03:11 of the Breeze recording).

  55. Decentralized Learning
    Mar 17, 2010. APOP Lunchtime Presentation, Association for the Educational Application of Computer Technology at the Post-Secondary Level-Montréal (APOP), Montreal, Online via the Via Conferencing System (Seminar). In this online presentation for APOP (Association for the Educational Application of Computer Technology at the Post-Secondary Level-Montréal) I discuss the concept of decentralized learning. I begin with the physical model, as instantiated in the Connectivism course, then outline the epistemology of knowledge production, then describe the pedagogy of personal learning, and conclude with success factors. A long Q&A in which we discuss numerous issues follows.

  56. A Conversation on Social Learning
    Mar 16, 2010. LearningWave, LearningWave, Holland, via Skype (Seminar). Conversation with a group in Holland about recent developments in social learning. I focused mostly on the idea that the intent of social learning is to generate practice and experience with idea of growing or developing personal capacity (as opposed to learning as the 'transfer' of knowledge). We also talked quite a bit about the use of social networks and communities as a mechanism for evaluating learning. Participants were: Eline Noorberger, David Berg, Gerlinde Podt, Christine Marck-Apperloo, Jan Nieuweboer.

  57. gRSShopper: Creating the Personal Web
    Jul 07, 2009. Internal: Presentation to PLE group, NRC, Moncton (Seminar). Using slides created for an Innovation Forum presentation, this internal presentation amounted to an in-depth look at gRSShopper from the perspective as a prototype for the Personal Learning Environment. The video of the 1 hour 20 minute presentation is available and features not only slides but also screen capture of various features of gRSShopper being demonstrated. Alternative video.

  58. Educamp 2009
    Apr 18, 2009. Educamp09, Educamp, Ilmenau, Germany, via Skype (Seminar). Discussion of web 2.0 and how it can be used to contextualize learning. No slides or video; Skype recording only.

  59. Learning 2.0: Learning Today and Tomorrow
    Apr 06, 2009. ACER Melbourne 2009, Australian Council for Educational Research, Melbourne, Australia (Seminar). Workshop - the audio is roughly two hours - on the design and structure of a connectivist course. The real changes in eLearning will not come from the area of technological innovation but rather pedagogical innovation. Stephen Downes will speak on how ICT can be used now and in the future to improve teaching and learning. His talk will be based on research, debate in the field and new thinking about education. Stephen's concept of Learning 2.0 addresses digital learning and the need for communication, interaction and open access to the creation and use of knowledge in learning. Participants of this seminar will learn about the capacity of digital learning to enable inclusiveness, flexibility to support diverse learning styles and innovation for improved learning in education. Commentary from Lisa Wise (very good, very detailed), tsheko, Jenny Luca.

  60. Technology Update
    Feb 24, 2009. LERN Seminar, Learning Resources Network, Online - teleconference (Seminar). Overview of current technology trends in learning, for the LERN online symposium. I'm sorry about the quality of the audio.

  61. Future Learning
    Feb 24, 2009. EC&I 831: Computers in the Classroom, University of Regina, Online, Elluminate (Seminar). Presentation to Alec Couros's online education course EC&I 831: Computers in the Classroom, Online, via Elluminate, University of Regina. I cover major topics in the future of online learning, including the knowing network, objects that explain themselves, ambient learning, sharing learning resources, etc. UStream recording.

  62. CCK08 Course Recap
    Feb 23, 2009. Special Seminar, University of Manitoba, Online, Elluminate (Seminar). The recording is now available in Elluminate - no guarantees it will run. We discussed a wide-range of topics, including lurking in online environments, lessons learned from CCK08, Stephen's serialized course feeds, what we'll do differently for the September '09 offering of the course, etc.

  63. The Connectivism and Connective Knowledge course
    Feb 18, 2009. Boeing Employees Seminar, Boeing, Online, Elluminate (Seminar). Overview of the technology employed in the CCK08 course, design considerations, and principles of network knowledge employed. Presented February 18, 2009 to Boeing employees via Elluminate. There's no audio for this one, unfortunately.

  64. CCK08:The Connectivism & Connective Knowledge Course
    Dec 04, 2008. Invited Presentation, National Research Council, Ottawa, Ontario (Seminar). The course on connectivism is probably the best (early) example of what we mean. We began with the course itself – what we wanted to cover. We then added communications tools. And then the students took over…

  65. Educamp Colombia Qustions and Answers
    Nov 18, 2008. Educamp 2008, Educamp Colombia, Bogota, Colombia, by Skype (Seminar). Question and answer session with participants of the Colombia EduCamp 2008 from Bogota. English, but translated into Spanish by Diego. Contains a discussion of autonomy, plus questions from the backchannel.

  66. Integrating the Internet Into the Classroom (Seminar Version)
    Oct 22, 2008. Annual Conference 2008, PEI Teachers Federation, Charlottetown, PEI (Seminar). Slides from my presentation in Charlottetown October 22, 2008. In this talk I talk about my newsletter software, recording talks for presentations, web conferencing tools, and fifteen reasons why technology should be integrated into the classroom.

  67. Open Educational Resources
    Sept 26, 2008. Innovations in Learning 2008, Brandon Hall, San Jose, California (Seminar). Presentation on Open Educational Resources (OER) at the Brandon Hall Innovations in Learning conference. Talks about licenses, content models, funding models, some major initiatives, and more. No audio.

  68. MOOC and Mookies: The Connectivism & Connective Knowledge Online Course
    Sept 10, 2008. eFest 2008 - Connected Learning, Institutes of Technology and Polytechnics of New Zealand, Auckland, New Zealand by Elluminate (Seminar). Description of the software environment used so support our Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) along with an outline of where the students have taken it and of the principles governing the design. Delibered online to eFest (Auckland, New Zealand) from Moncton, Canada

  69. Supporting Open Access
    May 16, 2008. TLt Summit, Campus Saskatchewan and The Educational Technology Consortium, Saskatoon, SK (Seminar). This session describes the need for open access to scholarly teaching and research materials, describe different types of open access, including common open access licenses such as Creative Commons and GFDL, describes technologies that support open access (such as Open Journal Systems, Open Archives Initiative, and DSpace), and outlines the institutional policy framework that best enables sustainable open access. No audio.

  70. Personal Learning
    Mar 11, 2008. EC&I 831 class, University of Regina, Saskatchewan, via Elluminate (Seminar). Audio and slides (I have video but the nearly two hour show will take some time to get out of the camera and uploaded to Google Video) of a presentation and discussion I had in Alec Couros's online class based in Saskatchewan. The slides are a rerun - sorry - but the audio is completely new and includes my first public presentation of my website software - the same software that is now only days from being posted on SourceForge. There should be an Elluminate and UStream recordings as well - I'll pass those on from Alex when I get links.

  71. How I Learn
    Mar 05, 2008. Internal Presentation, National Research Council, Moncton, New Brunswick (Seminar). Internal presentation that revisits the idea of the three major elements of personal learning: relevance, usability, and interactivity.

  72. gRSShopper
    Feb 26, 2008. NRC Koffee Klatch, National Research Council, Moncton, Fredericton by Videoconference, Adobe Connect (Seminar). No slides, audio or video available, sorry - not because I'm being secretive, but because the recording failed.

  73. Open Educational Resources and the Personal Learning Environment
    Jun 10, 2007. International Conference on OpenCourseWare and e-Learning, Opensource Opencourseware Prototype System (OOPS), Taipei, Taiwan (Seminar). What is an open educational resource (OER)? Not just content, but capacity. That's why we need to look at how they are produced and not just how they are used. This presentation argues for a model of OERs based on community use and production. The type of content produced is heavily influenced by the funder. Universities produce courses . Governments produce institutions. Publishers produce books, journals. What would the recipients produce?

  74. The Meaning is the Message
    May 13, 2007. 2007 CADE/AMTEC conference, Canadian Association for Distance Education., Winnipeg, Manitoba (Seminar). This presentation pays homage to McLuhan by reconsidering the slogan 'the medium is the message' by considering it against representationalist theories of meaning. The idea that a message signifies or stands for something, and that this creates the meaning, is questioned. Instead, the proposal is that the message itself contains the meaning; it is what it is, not what it stands for, and this is what the recipient has to work with when interpreting it him or her self.

  75. Personal Learning
    Apr 21, 2007. E-Learning Guild 2007, E-Learning Guild, Boston, USA (Seminar). How do you teach if you no longer have power over students? This is the world of network learning. It's impossible topredict things, it's the breakdown of order. It's Chaos! No principles or rules describing 'quality'. Individual preferences only. No rubric or metric. No 'peers' or 'committee of experts'. Evaluations are not an aggregation – no votes.

  76. Networks and Learning
    Apr 10, 2007. Invited presentation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts (Seminar). "What do you say, when you come from New Brunswick, to MIT?" I began by summarizing the talk by Charles Vest at Snowmass, in particular his remarks on diversity and autonomy. And truth. These describe the properties of a network that will lead most reliably to a network that will lead to emergent knowledge that is reliable.

  77. Outside the Envelope
    Feb 21, 2007. Invitation, IBM Center for Advanced Learning, Teleconference (Seminar). No slides or audio. Invited talk for IBM.

  78. Toward a New Knowledge Society
    Feb 16, 2007. Invited Seminar, Virtual and E-mobility for Networking Universities in Society (VENUS), online (Seminar). My presentation to the VENUS seminar on Wednesday. In this talk I describe connective knowledge, and in particular I compare it with traditonal knowledge, both on the level of generalizations (which correspond to pattern recognition) and concrete particulars (which correspond to complex linkages between entities). The online seminar was seen in six European locations as well as streamed online. (Click the title of this post to see my new-style presentation page. Enclosure should also be working, for those who like to listen to podcasts.)

  79. Digital Rights Management
    Jan 11, 2007. Online Conference, Online, via Centra (Seminar). Online presentation covering the topic of digital rights management, breaking it down into three major aspects: the expression of the the rights, authentication and verification of the user's identity, and third, some sort of protection or means to control access to the resource. Also covers the areas DRM can be applied: the resource itself, the access point where we get the document, and to the entire network. I have no record of this talk other than this audio, so I don't know who it was presented to.

  80. Web 2.0, E-Learning 2.0 and Personal Learning Environments
    Dec 14, 2006. Special Session, National University Telecommunications Network, Online (Centra) (Seminar). This talk traces the concept of the personal learning environment as it is derived from social networks and web 2.0. It also related the concept to Wegner's communities of practice. It compares social networks (such as instant messaging networks) with connectionist networks. Higher-quality audio.  

  81. Understanding Learning Networks, Reprise
    Nov 02, 2006. Invited Talk, Université de Moncton, Moncton, New Brunswick (Seminar). The Concept… Learning is centered around the interests of the learner (which may be arts, history, computing…). This learning is immersive – learning by doing – and takes place not in a school but in an appropriate environment (such as a living arts centre). The computer connects the student to the rest of the world, no matter where they are.

  82. The Future of E-Learning
    Oct 21, 2006. CGA Canada National Educators Meeting, Certified General Accountants (CGA), Toronto, Ontario (Seminar). My talk at the CGA educators' meeting in Toronto. The sound in the audio is a bit faint for the first speaker, Mark Bullen, an Associate Dean from BCIT. I speak after him and discuss blogs in learning, aggregation, connectivism, and learning networks. This is a short and breathless statement of the major trends as I see them at the moment.

  83. Learning Networks and Connective Knowledge
    Oct 16, 2006. Invited Session, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI (Seminar). The slides form a nice summary of the paper, if you didn't want to read the paper. I thought it was a good session, not because of the quality of my discourse (in fact, there are some pretty awkward moments in there) but because it shows some of the thinks I need to think more deeply about. It was a pretty good back and forth - Dave Cormier kept saying, "This is great audio." Yeah well I guess it's good to see the points where people disagree with my theories and take apart my presentation. And I suppose it's good to post them on my website.

  84. Online World
    Sept 27, 2006. eFest, Institutes of Technology and Polytechnics of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand (Seminar). 2006 has seen the emergence of the personalized web, the interactive web, the web that places a premium on participation and community. How should the learning sector respond? The initial reaction from educational institutions has been negative, with access to many of the new applications blocked and banned by administrators. But in the longer term we will need to meet the students where they live, learning how to participate in their online world. Stephen Downes, an educational technologist who has pioneered many of the new technologies, will offer his thoughts and suggestions. No audio.

  85. Digital Rights Management
    Sept 15, 2006. IT Integrators Congerence, Association of Independent Schools, Sydney, Australia (Seminar). Overview of digital rights management and the ethics of file sharing. This presentation summarizes my grid defining different strengths of DRM based on measures taken and the locality of application.

  86. Future Learning Resources
    Sept 12, 2006. Learning Technologies: The Next Five Years, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa (Seminar). Overview of what the future of learning technology will look like, beginning with a discussion of what doesn't work (over-engineered solutions with numerous requiremen ts and many moving parts) and what does (simple, interoperable and usable systems). Given this perspective I offer a future dominated by networks and sharing, as seen for example in RSS and blogging networks.

  87. E-Learning 2.0: Tools for Meaningful Learning
    Sept 12, 2006. Invited Session, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa (Seminar). No slides for this one. Informal seminar in a workroom with members of the online course development team at the university. I talk about useful tools for building e-learning, such as using Audacity to record the talk and Shoutcast/Icecast to distribute them (I talk about listening to my iRiver when I sleep and listening to the recordings, essentially talking myself to sleep). Intended to cover Web 2.0 tools, it went a little off topic (as it was supposed to) and became a look at just what Web 2.0 learning is supposed to be.

  88. Learning Networks and the Personal Learning Environment
    Jun 12, 2006. Invited Seminar, Centre for Social Innovation, Vienna, Austria (Seminar). On Monday I went to the Centre for Social Innovation in Vienna for some informal chats and this 2.5 hours presentation (Slides, Audio) in the afternoon (what a patient audience!) covering the concept of learning networks and how they tie into the recent discussions on the personal learning environment (PLE).

  89. The Students Own Education
    Jun 05, 2006. Invited Talk, The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK (Seminar). Invited talk at the Open University. I begin by looking at contrasting views of identity, one where it is acquired by virtue of membership, the other where it is created by the person. Only in the latter case do we truly 'own' our education. This segues into a discussion of e-learning 2.0 and the idea of the personal learning environment. No audio.

  90. A Conversation With Stephen Downes
    Apr 21, 2006. BCEd Online Annual Conference, BC Education, Vancouver, British Columbia (Seminar). Without really a title or a description - and yet still with a full room - I pretty much had free reign and used the time to talk about some of the things I have been thinking about during my hiatus, and especially about the relevance of learning and the role education should play in empowering, rather than diminishing, learners. It's a bit loose, but these are topics that are important to me, and that will play a greater role in my thinking in the future.

  91. E-Learning 2.0 at the E-Learning Forum
    Feb 22, 2006. E-Learning Forum, E-Learning Forum, Online (to California) (Seminar). eLearning 2.0 reflects and results from important business and technology trends that are happening around us, as the Internet is undergoing dramatic change. Stephen has agreed to kick off our meeting and discuss some of the key issues of his article and set the context and stage for the subsequent presenters and for the interactive discussion we will have during the meeting.

  92. Models for Sustainable Open Education Resources
    Feb 07, 2006. OECD Expert Meeting in Malmo, OECD, Malmo, Sweden (Seminar). This is a presentation of the paper of the same name I wrote for the OECD on sustainability models for OERs. I list the various types of resources to be considered, the various aspects of sustainability, and detail a variety of models, with examples. I end up recommending a community-based sustainability model as being the best long-term option. See also  Photo by Leon Cych.

  93. Learning Networks
    Jan 25, 2006. In-House Presentation, Innovatia, Saint John, New Brunswick, Online (Seminar). Overview of the distributed approach to learning networks, including resource repositories, digital rights, learning environments, and social networks, presented to Innovatia at a meeting with them in their offices. No audio.

  94. Open Learning and the Metauniversity
    Nov 14, 2005. Open Source for Education in Europe, Open University of the Netherlands, Heerlen, Netherlands (Seminar). My talk at the Open Source for Education in Europe, organized by the SIGOSSEE and JOIN projects, in conjunction with the Open University of the Netherlands, describing an overall architecture for learning resource distrivution and learning networks. Stuart Yeates found the talk "disappointing" because of "his utopia predicated first and foremost on a radically different method of distributing resources in education and only then got to the technically interesting bits. He did hit at least one nail on the head---his insistence that we work with learning content editors rather than mere players."

  95. What E-Learning 2.0 Means To You
    Sept 14, 2005. Transitions in Advanced Learning, Ottawa Centre for Research and Innovation (OCRI), Ottawa, Ontario (Seminar). Begins with three views of learning resources: learning resources as a thing (book, content object, etc); learning resources as events (class, lecture, seminar, meeting; and learning resources as flow (experience?) where the first two models are information-theoretic and medium-based models and the third represents is a shift from the idea of the web as communication (information theory) to the idea of the web as network (or environment… pick your metaphor).

  96. Reaching the Blogosphere
    Sept 13, 2005. News vs. Noise Conference, Public Works Canada, Gatineau, Quebec, Canada (Seminar). Once again, my audio failed me, and so I have only PowerPoint slides of today's talk (I have since discovered that Windows was blocking the audio driver for my sound card, in some insane supposition that it was a virus). The talk covered familiar ground for readers of OLDaily - the rise of the blogosphere, RSS, writing blogs that will be read, distributed representation and principles of successful networks - all in less than a half hour.

  97. E-Learning: A Kaleidoscope of Options
    Jun 01, 2005. CAPE, Canadian Association of Police Educators, Summerside, Prince Edward Island (Seminar). E-Learning: A Kaleidoscope of Options - Part One and E-Learning: A Kaleidoscope of Options - Part Two My talk to the Canadian Association of Police Educators in Summerside, Prince Edward Island. PowerPoint Slides and audio (MP3), part one and part two. Once again, I'm speaking in a large concrete room (funny how things like that come in clusters) so the sound quality is again iffy. (mpeg) By Stephen Downes, Stephen's Web, May 18, 2005

  98. The Living Arts: The Future of Learning Online
    May 25, 2005. Invited Presentation, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario (Seminar). In this presentation I challenge the idea of online learning as sitting in front of a computer, and instead refer to examples like Mississagua's Living Arts Centre as an example of getting out and learning in the community. Spanish translation of slides: Las Artes Vivas: El Futuro del aprendizaje en línea.

  99. Open Digital Rights Management
    Nov 10, 2004. Maritime Open Source Technologies, Moncton Cybersocials, Moncton, New Brunswick (Seminar). Maritimes Open Source Technology (Part 2) The Open RuleML Standard for Semantic Web Rule Interchange, Harold Boley NRC-IIT researcher and international lead architect for RuleML; Personal Health Records Application for New Brunswick -“ ongoing advances in creating an electronic patient record system for New Brunswick with Open Source tools and components, Rene Richard and Keith Wilson, researchers NRC-IIT ehealth. (mpeg) By Harold Boley, Rene Richard and Keith Wilson.

  100. Knowledge and Learning
    Oct 11, 2004. Special Sessions, West One, Perth, WA, Australia (Seminar). WestOne Workshop, October 11-12. Topics during these two half-day workshops included knowledge and learning, the new student, personalization, communities of practice, and other issues. The sponsor of my visit to Perth, and the major sponsor of the trip as a whole, is the ACEL-ACE Checking the Pulse conference. The Sponsor of the October 11 1nd 12 talks was WestOne. MP3 Audio Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4 (clipped at end).

  101. Positioning Tasmania as a Leader in ICT Enabled Education and Training
    Oct 04, 2004. Invited Seminar, The Office of Post-CompulsoryEducation and Training, Department of Education, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia (Seminar). Positioning Tasmania as a Leader in ICT Enabled Education and Training, October 4 This full day session was a wide ranging discussion centered around four major themes: the role of government, the role of industry, the role of education, and a wrap up, bringing it all together. MP3 Audio Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4. Full (and excellent) summary by Kirsty Sharp. This visit is sponsored by The Office of Post-Compulsory Education and Training, Department of Education. More information.

  102. ICT Roundtable
    Oct 01, 2004. Invited Seminar, The Office of Post-Compulsory Education and Training, Department of Education, Hobart, Tasmania (Seminar). Short outlines of projects by instructional technology leaders in Tasmania, each followed by commentary and discussion. Audio: Part 1, Part 2. Technical Roundtable wiki page. Summary by Janine Bowes. Recodings and comments by Kirsty Sharp - Peter Higgs summary.

  103. Invited Presentation
    Oct 01, 2004. ICT Roundtable, The Office of Post-Compulsory Education and Training, Department of Education, State of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania (Seminar). Short outlines of projects by instructional technology leaders in Tasmania, each followed by commentary and discussion. MP3 Audio Part 1 Part 2  Summary by Janine Bowes, recordings and comments by Kirsty Sharp - Peter Higgs summary, personalization of learning, workplace learning, knowledge Management.

  104. Collaboration Workshop
    Sept 29, 2004. Special Session, Flexible Learning Leaders, Adelaide, SA, Australia (Seminar). This workshop explored the need for and methods of collaboration available to TAFE SA staff. It was very unstructured (mostly because I didn't know what the topic was until we started). Awkward. MP3 Audio (15.2M, 2 hours, 7 minutes). Concept map of the discussion, created by Marty Cielens. Summary

  105. Blogs, Learning Objects and Other Cool Stuff!
    Sept 27, 2004. Invited Presentation, School of the Air, Alice Springs, NT, Australia (Seminar). This session introduces and defines blogs and blogging, shows how to create a blog in just a few minutes, gives advice on blog content and format, suggests educational and classroom uses of blogs, defines and outlines blog syndication using RSS, provides practical examples of RSS syndication formats, applies syndicated blog content in course web pages, suggests sources of RSS content, and outlines future directions for the medium.

  106. Open Education, the Semantic Web and the Personalisation of eLearning
    Sept 22, 2004. Invited Session, eLearn Australia in association with the Queensland Flexible Learning Leaders, Cairns, Queensland, Australia (Seminar). For teachers, trainers, administrators and support staff in Post Compulsory Education and Training on open education, the semantic web and the personalisation of eLearning. This talk was given twice, once in Sunshine Coast and once in Cairns. MP3 Audio Part 1 Part 2. I used a web page as my slides.

  107. Knowledge, Learning Objects and The New Student
    Sept 22, 2004. Invited Session, eLearn Australia in association with the Queensland Flexible Learning Leaders, Cairns, Queensland, Australia (Seminar). Intended for teachers, administrators and support staff in Primary and Secondary Schools addressing the strategies available to access and use knowledge and learning objects to meet the needs of the new learner. This talk was given twice, once Sunshine Coast and once in Cairns. MP3 Audio: Part 1 Part 2. I used a web page as my slides.

  108. A Dog's Breakfast: Roles and Responsibilities for Managers in the Cyber Era
    Sept 22, 2004. Invited Session, eLearn Australia in association with the Queensland Flexible Learning Leaders, Cairns, Queensland, Australia (Seminar). For managers and supervisors from all sectors on the responsibilities and roles of managers in driving elearning. Looks at the nine rules for good technology and adapts them to define good management. This talk was given twice, once in Sunshine Coast and once in Cairns.

  109. Open Education, the Semantic Web and the Personalisation of eLearning
    Sept 20, 2004. Invited Session, Sunshine Coast University, Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia (Seminar). For teachers, trainers, administrators and support staff in Post Compulsory Education and Training on open education, the semantic web and the personalisation of eLearning. This talk was given twice, once in Sunshine Coast and once in Cairns. MP3 Audio: Part 1 Part 2. I used a web page as my slides.  

  110. Knowledge, Learning Objects and The New Student
    Sept 20, 2004. Invited Session, Sunshine Coast University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia (Seminar). Intended for teachers, administrators and support staff in Primary and Secondary Schools addressing the strategies available to access and use knowledge and learning objects to meet the needs of the new learner. This talk was given twice, once in Sunshine Coast and once in Cairns. MP3 Audio: Part 1 Part 2. I used a web page as my slides.

  111. A Dog's Breakfast: Roles and Responsibilities for Managers in the Cyber Era
    Sept 20, 2004. Invited Session, Sunshine Coast University, Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia (Seminar). For managers and supervisors from all sectors on the responsibilities and roles of managers in driving elearning. Looks at the nine rules for good technology and adapts them to define good management. This talk was given twice, once in Sunshine Coast and once in Cairns.

  112. Edging the Techno Frontier
    Sept 17, 2004. Invited Roundtable, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia (Seminar). Round Table for technical staff. This session looks at leading edge technologies to support learning, and the pros and cons of supporting them in educational instutions and considers the promise and the reality of LMS and LCMS, the role of learning objects and operation of LOR, the value of RSS, and options for conferencing tools. I used a web page as my slides. Audio is 27 minutes only and cut-off.

  113. Quality Standards: It's All About Teaching and Learning?
    Jun 04, 2004. NUTN 2004, National University Telecommunications Network (NUTN), Kennebunkport, Maine (Seminar). Outlines an approach to quality standards based on principles of recommender systems, specifically, the idea that quality is based on how individuals similar to the current user rate resources similar to the current resource. The talk additionally outlines a technology that would address mechanisms for describing resource quality in learning systems. Audio appears to be lost.

  114. The Evolving Concept of the Community of Practice
    May 29, 2004. Building Distributed Communities of Practice, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Seminar). Overview of the concept of the community of practice, some of its defining features, and an outline of the way the concept shifts as it meets a distributed and individual-centered internet. First time recording a talk with my new microphone, so of course I mispronounced Etienne Wenger's name throughout. And now this audio appears to be lost. View also my notes from the event.

  115. Emerging Technologies in E-Learning
    Mar 15, 2004. Rencontres internationales du multimédia d’apprentissage - International Conference on Educational Media (RIMA-ICEM), l'Institut St Joseph, Quebec City, Quebec (Seminar). This presentation runs through the concepts of learning objects, learning design, learning object standards and metadata, and then introduces eduSource by means of a discussion of repositories. It then covers RSS syndication and suggests an aggregation model for learning resource discovery and distribution. This leads to the concept of personalization in learning, with a look at emerging social networks. Finally, it covers the concept of learning environments. This was also the conference where I met Seymour Papert, and which formed much of the source material for my Educational Blogging article.  Coverage here and here.

  116. Blogging and RSS in Learning
    Jan 27, 2004. Invited Lecture, Simon Fraser University, Online, Elluminate (Seminar). Overview defining what a blog is and highlighting some uses of blogging in education. Description of some blogging and content management systems. Discussion of blog aggregation services and RSS. Overview of how these tools are combined to support and discussion of the idea as the network functioning inherently as the search system.

  117. Coping With Digital Rights Management
    Jun 12, 2003. eduSource Industry Forum, eduSource, Moncton, New Brunswick (Seminar). I identify a set of key issues in DRM, including ensuring rights holders get a return, fair use and openness, freedom of expression, etc. then describe a set of principles governing our approach to DRM: open marketplace, multiple distribution models, multiple descriptions, simplicity, and others. The talk concludes by describing the eduSource DRM model.

  118. Tomorrow's Online Teachers
    Jun 11, 2003. Invited Presentation, FAME course in Sydney, Australia, Online, Groove, to Sydney, Australia (Seminar). I look at the promise of technology seen through the lens of my 1998 paper, The Future of Online Learning, talk a bit about how we've drifted, and describe the role of the teacher in the learning environment that will emerge once we're back on track. My thanks to Greg Webb for the opportunity.

  119. Learning Objects in a Wider Context
    Jun 09, 2003. CADE 2003, Canadian Association for Distance Education, St. John's, Newfoundland (Seminar). I argue that the traditional approach to using learning objects - stringing them together into lessons and courses - is misguided because it is a misuse of new media. I present this argument by showing that new media should be regarded as a new language, with its own semantics and grammar, that informs how we should use the 'words' (learning objects) in that language. Image: me talking with Scott Leslie. Proposal.

  120. DLORN: Distributed Learning Object Repository Network
    Apr 29, 2003. Open Education: Moving From Concept to Reality, Open-Education.Org, Online (Seminar). Outline of the intent and design of the distributed learning object repository network (DLORN). DLORN? is a system that allows content producers to distribute their learning resources, a mechanism that enables the subject specific aggregation of learning resources from many sources, and means to allow course authors to locate and use resources from many sources. Speaking notes.

  121. An Introduction to RSS for Educational Designers
    Dec 03, 2002. Atlantic Regional Meeting, eduSource, Moncton, Canada (Seminar). Presentation of information previously presented at NAWeb. Outlines the idea of deploying syndication networks, like RSS, to aggregate and distribute learning materials. Discussion paper.

  122. Learning Object Repositories in Canada
    Nov 20, 2002. CADE Wise and Witty Weekday, Canadian Association for Distance Education, Teleconference (Seminar). The purpose of this session is to describe the architecture being recommended to eduSource Canada. The premise of the distributed learning object repository network (DLORN) is to create an open marketplace in Canada for learning opportunities online. Using a common set of protocols and a basic set of open source applications, any learning content provider may host a learning object repository and distribute and market learning materials through the network. This creates the widest set of opportunities for readers and purchasers of online learning content.

  123. The Learning Marketplace
    Oct 08, 2001. Invited Seminar, TAFE NSW, Sydney, Australia (Seminar). Discussion of why we want learning marketplaces, a look at a number of existing marketplaces (such as MERLOT, XANEDU) then a detailed examination of the mechanisms necessary in order to make them succeed. This part includes background about the semantic web and learning objects.  Also includes a description of my favourite 'fishing rod that teaches you' example.

  124. Virtual Community Real People
    Oct 08, 2001. LearnScope, Australian Flexible Learning Framework, online (Seminar). This presentation describes the concept of the learning marketplace, then looks at the underlying technologies supporting it: resource descriptions, learning objects and learning content management systems. Supporting document.

  125. Essentials of Knowledge Management
    Mar 15, 2000. Invited Lecture, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Seminar). Presentation of the essentials of knowledge management, beginning with definitions and approaches from the literature, then describing types of knowledge and approaches to tacit knowledge, and then an overview of knowledge management technologies and infrastructure.

  126. Creating an Online Learning Community
    Nov 25, 1999. Virtual Schools Symposium, Alberta Education, Edmonton, Alberta (Seminar). An Online Learning Community is the convergence of online learning and online communities. It's not a 'community' label slapped onto just any online course and it's not a 'learning' label slapped onto just any online community. I've discovered that the collaboration that occurs in such classroom communities is necessary for the process that others have called shared cognition.

  127. On-Line Learning: The New Dynamism of Distance Education
    Nov 16, 1998. ACCC 1998, Association of Community Colleges in Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Seminar). I was invited to demonstrate online chat to a roomful of executives from ACCC. So as I presented the talk we connected back to Assiniboine Community College and had the students take part in the presentation. HTML page. Document.

  128. The Future of Online Learning
    Oct 06, 1998. NAWeb 98, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Seminar). Today, and for the last century, education has been practised in segregated buildings by carefully regimented and standardized classes of students led and instructed by teachers working essentially alone. In ten years, this model will be seen in many quarters to be obsolete. Web site. This is an embedded Microsoft Office presentation, powered by Office.

  129. Web-Based Courses: The Assiniboine Model
    Oct 07, 1997. NAWeb97, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Seminar). This presentation describes the model used at Assiniboine Community College for the construction and delivery of web-based courses. Topics covered will include RIGS (Registration Information Gathering System), Course Modules, Static and Dynamic Content, Instructor-Student Interaction, on-line testing and evaluation, and the Triad delivery model. Proposal. Full paper.

  130. On-Line Teaching and Learning
    Jan 29, 1996. CADE Wise and Witty Wednesdays, Canadian Association for Distance Education, OPnline, via web, listserv, and MUD (Seminar). The purpose of this seminar is to introduce you to the potential of interactive online delivery of course materials over the internet. The seminar is supported by a list server and these web pages. An interactive session is scheduled for January 29 on the Painted Porch MAUD. Archives are online.

  131. The Painted Porch MAUD, or, Why MUDs are so much better than MOOs
    Jun 01, 1995. Distance Education Conference, Diversity University, Online (MOO) (Seminar). Presentation to MOO-based Diversity University on the topic of the academic MUD created by Jeff McLaughlin and myself. In it, I argue that the MUD format is more user-friendly, and that the need to learn how to create objects in a MOO detracts from the user experience.

Expert Panels

  1. Looking forward to 2022: Emerging Technologies for Education
    Dec 15, 2021. CNIE Seminar, Canadian Network for Innovation in Education, Online, via Zoom (Panel). This was a panel discussion hosted by Saul Carliner and which featured myself, Matthew Giorgio and Jason Tam. We discussed the impact of the pandemic, the learning experience platform, changes in assessment and microcredentials, the role of AI in learning, and the future of learning generally.

  2. Rethinking the role of young people in a rapidly changing world
    Oct 29, 2021. e21 Symposium, e21 Consortium, Ottawa, via Zoom (Panel). Panel at the e21 conference. I participated as a commentator; you can see my contribution beginning at 28:54 after the main speaker. Mostly what I talk about here is how to think about young people (specifically, not as defined by age, but as defined by experiences, which vary a lot across people). I argue in favour of autonomy for young people - and identify programs which focus on innovation and entrepreneurship as just another way of telling them what to do. And I argue that if we want to support young people, we should make sure they have the resoruces they need to bring their ideas to fruition.

  3. Sharing and collaborating our way out of the storm
    May 10, 2021. Time for Action in Shaping HE 4.0, European Distance and E-Learning Network, Online, via Zoom (Panel). In this webinar, we will identify whether OERs were a solution or being used in the last year in education; and how OERs may be used in the future. In our quest for shaping the future of higher education, do we consider open education a solution and OERs and practices as part of the education ecosystem?  What problems might OERs help educators resolve and how we can harness the value of OERs for higher education?  Can we consider the future of education is open and, if yes, what strategies can we use to make this happen?

  4. Active Methodologies and Adaptive Learning
    Nov 29, 2019. XVI Congresso Brasileiro de Ensino Superior a Distância (ESUD) e o V Congresso Internacional de Educação Superior a Distância (CIESUD) 2019, Associação Universidade em Rede (UniRede), Teresina, Brazil (Panel). Short presentation for a panel looking at the intersection between active learning methodologies and learning analytics. I argue that insofar as active learning requires individually managed learning, an adaptive learning does not, there is a disconnect between the two.

  5. The Future of Education
    Oct 24, 2019. eLearning Africa 2019, eLearning Africa, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire (Panel). The future of education needs a massive rethink, not a tinkering round the edges, to make education robust and relevant for the world learners will face in 2050. We need to redesign education systems to address persistent inequalities, social fragmentation and political extremism, and take into account the impact of the fourth industrial revolution. Chairperson(s): Michelle Selinger, EdTech Ventures, UK. Speakers: Stephen Downes, National Research Council Canada, Canada; Mark West, UNESCO, France, Introducing UNESCO’s New Futures of Education Initiative; Matias Matias, HP Inc, USA, Classroom of the Future: From Concept to Execution. Image: ADEAnet.

  6. Recent Work in Connectivism
    Mar 04, 2019. LAK19, Phoenix, Arizona, via Zoom (Panel). In this presentation I look at how connectivism is being applied and understood in current literature. I look at connectivism as pedagogy, connectivism as a learning theory, some successes of connectivist methods, and look at connectivism from a wider perspective. Please see this Google Doc for full notes and references.

  7. Blockchain in the Life Sciences
    May 30, 2018. Life Sciences Day 2.0, Ottawa, Ontario (Panel). Slides are of my presentation to the panel giving an accessible overview of blockchain technologies and explaining their relevance to life sciences. The audio is from the panel as a whole (the first minute is missing); it looks at the future of life sciences technology and features speakers from OBIO, CHEO and IBM as well as myself. My audio begins at the 41:00 minute mark.

  8. What is Open Education?
    Apr 24, 2018. Educación para la Paz, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Rionegro, Colombia (Panel). Open education is a philosophy about the way people should produce, share, and build on knowledge. Proponents of open education believe everyone in the world should have access to high-quality educational experiences and resources, and they work to eliminate barriers to this goal.

  9. The Value and Price of Open Online Courses
    Dec 02, 2016. OEB2016, Online Educa Berlin, Berlin, Germany (Panel). If open online learning can be equivalent or even superior to face-to-face education, what does this mean for the value and the price of MOOCs for institutions, for learning communities, for learners and for the creation of new knowledge. Panel notes are avauilable as an MS Word document here.

  10. Openness
    Nov 06, 2016. Regional Forum on ICTs in Higher Education of the Arab States, UNESCO, Beirut, Lebanon (Panel). Short presentation at a panel discussing aspects of openness in higher education. I am the first speaker in the panel; the other participants speak, and then there is a fairly good discussion following. I offered the argument that we should think of learning resources as the language we use to communicate and educate, and like words in a language, we need to be able to freely use them.

  11. MOOC Quality Malaysia
    May 01, 2016. MOOC Experts Meeting, Commonwealth of Learning, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Panel). This is a short presentation at an expert's meeting on my thoughts about MOOC quality. I focus on the elements of personal learning and present the four elements of MOOC quality, autonomy, openness, interactivity. The workshop was one of the elements in a longer-term study that resulted in the publication of  Quality in MOOCs; Surveying the Terrain, by Nina Hood and Allison Littlejohn in June 2016.

  12. Exploring the Future of Learning to Adapt to New Trends
    Apr 06, 2016. Education Technology Strategies 2016, Strategy Institute, Toronto, Ontario (Panel). Panel discussion. No audio, video or anything.

  13. The Agile Approach to Learning Design
    Dec 03, 2015. Online Educa Berlin 2016, Online Educa Berlin, Berlin, Germany (Panel). Panel discussion on the use of agile development methodologies in learning design. My own contribution was to highlight the pitfalls of this approach., and I pointed out that learning design is very different from software design - indeed, are we doing agile "learning design", or design for "agile learning"? Read the transcript of my talk here.

  14. (Some) Pitfalls​ Of Agile Learning Design
    Dec 02, 2015. Online Educa Berlin, Online Educa Berlin, Berlin, Germany (Panel).

  15. Inspire: Learning!
    Oct 29, 2015. Talent and the Future of Work, Natural Resources Canada, Online, via on24 (Panel). Short (12 minute) presentation on the idea of learning as being based on immersive practice, how this informed the design of our original MOOCs, and how this approach is informing our current work on learning and performance support systems.

  16. Disruptive Innovation in Universities
    Mar 04, 2015. 4th International Conference e-Learning and Distance Education, National e-Learning Center KSA, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Panel). Panel discussion on the nature of disruptive innovations, MOOCs and disruptive innovation, and how and whether universities should adapt.

  17. Reclaiming Personal Learning
    Dec 05, 2014. Online Educa Berlin, Online Educa Berlin, Berlin, Germany (Panel). Part of a wider session called 'Education's Reality Check', this presentation highlights the need for, and structure of, personal learning, introducing participants to the Learning and Performance Support Systems project at

  18. MOOCs 4 Development
    Apr 11, 2014. Education for Development, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (Panel). In my presentation I outline the (real) history of MOOCs, outline design parameters, and sketch future technologies. This is presented in the context of the 'democratization' of knowledge and learning to support international development and education. Read the conference report.

  19. MOOC Research Institute Panel on Supporting Learners
    Dec 05, 2013. MOOC Research Institute 2013, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas (Panel). In this discussion a panel of MOOC experts explored questions surrounding supporting learning online. Some widely varying perspectives, ranging from preparing students to work without a curriculum to student support software in an xMOOC. Panelists included myself, Sandi Boga from Athabasca, and Amy Collier from Stanford (with whom I had some nice snappy exchanges).

  20. OERs and Open Online Courses
    Oct 31, 2013. World Innovation Summit in Education, World Innovation Summit in Education, Doha, Qatar (Panel). Discussion of the role of OERs in MOOCs, with particular attention to the MOOC we are offering with UdeM in French on OERs (RELs in French). Originally planned to be delivered in English, then when the French-language speaker wasn't able to make it I tried to switch to French, but the effort failed miserably. But we proceeded with a live translator, so the audio begins in French, then switches to English with French translation. And I learn I still need to work a lot more on my conversational (technical) French. French version of the slides.

  21. Debate Stephen Downes y Juan Domingo Farnós
    Jun 27, 2013. Encuentro Internacional de Educación, Telefonica Foundation, Caracas, Venezuela (Panel). Debate entre los expertos Stephen Downes y Juan Domingo Farnós en el evento presencial que puso cierre al Tema 8: La Educación permanente, Aprendizaje formal, informal y no formal, los días 27 y 28 de junio en Caracas. Video only, Spanish translation.

  22. Moocs and K12 Cloud: Privacy regulations and Risk Management
    May 03, 2013. Ed Tech Innovation, Athabasca University, Calgary, Alberta (Panel). Engaging panel with a researcher, educator, professor and a lawyer about the privacy and legal implications of MOOCs. Panel: Discovery Education Canada(Dean Shareski), BD&P (Jim Swanson), Alberta Distance Learning Centre (Verena Roberts), National Research Council Canada (Stephen Downes, panel moderator)

  23. MOOCs in Business
    Mar 27, 2013. QMOOC, Internet Time, Online, via Google Hangout (Panel). Panel discussion with Jay Cross, Dave Cormier, George Siemens, etc., on the subject of MOOCs in business. We talk about the origin of the term, where we think MOOCs are headxed, and what needs to happen with them.

  24. Open Discussion on the LMS and the MOOC
    Nov 23, 2012. MoodleMoodUY, Universidad de la República Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay (Panel). Discussion of the keynote on the topic of the LMS and the MOOC model. Some interesting topics covered, including the question of curriculum, assessment, and the nature of critical literacy.

  25. A True History of the MOOC
    Sept 27, 2012. Future of Education,, Online, via Blackboard Collaborate (Panel). A one-hour live and interactive webinar hosted by Steve Hargadon on the "true history" of the Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) with Dave Cormier, Alec Couros, Stephen Downes, Rita Kop, Inge de Waard, and Carol Yeager. While a wave of courses from prominent universities are now labeled as MOOCs, we'll drill down on the connectivist roots of the early MOOC offerings and discuss the importance of the differences between them and the current breed. Recordings: The full Blackboard Collaborate recording is here and a portable .mp3 recording is here. Mightybell Space: Resources, videos, links, and conversation about the panel can be found here.

  26. Internet and E-commerce Law Round Table
    Mar 29, 2012. Follow the Sun, University of Leicester, Online, via Blackboard Collaborate (Panel). So what can you post online? Are there limits to posting photos of people doing illegal things in an effort to stop them? These and other issues are discussed in this panel.

  27. Education in movement - against what? Debate
    Nov 13, 2011. NFF konferansen: Utdanning i bevegelse, Norsk forbund for fjernundervisning og fleksibel utdanning, Oslo, Norway (Panel). This discussion follows my keynote address in Oslo, Norway, on the subject of thre multiple roles of the teacher. Some commentators are supportive of the idea of networked learning; others argue that the expanding role of the teacher will "add four more years" to teacher education (of course, my point is that different roles are undertaken by different and more specialized people). Originally saved on Vimeo.

  28. Talking About All Things Open
    May 04, 2011. Moodle Moot Canada 2011, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Panel). This plenary session explores the opportunity associated with the convergence of multiple related "open" initiatives. Imagine an education future that combines open source software, open access research publishing, open government/data, open educational resources, open pedagogies and open networks. What is the synergistic potential of these collective open endeavours?

  29. Facilitating Social Interactions
    Nov 02, 2010. Webinar, Campus Technology Magazine, Online (Panel). Campus Technology online panel. Sponsored by Moodlerooms, Intel and Dell. Talking about the transition from the learning management as a transaction system to something that supports a mobile and distributed audience, moving from structured to unstructured interactions, numerous domains instead of one domain.

  30. Facilitating Social Interactions: Measuring Engagement and Promoting Academic Success within the LMS
    Oct 21, 2010. Webinar, Campus Technology, Online (Panel). The Learning Management System is evolving rapidly, becoming a more flexible and interactive part of the classroom. As that happens, how can you better integrate the LMS into the campus classroom? How can you measure and analyse student participation in the social and collaborative technologies that are becoming part of a good LMS? Technologies already exist to collect basic data on student participation and interactions; the focus now is collecting more comprehensive data about online behavior in the classroom, then using the data effectively. The LMS of the future will help collect data, then produce sophisticated analysis and reports on-demand.

  31. OER Panel
    May 18, 2010. 2010 Conference, Canadian Network for Innovation in Education, Saint John, NB (Panel). Three-way discussion, from widely different perspectives on open educational resources. I recorded audio and Grant Potter recorded a UStream video of the panel presentations here (go to 5:45 to get to the actual starting point) and a second part here and a third part here Summary Two things 1. OERs and commercialization - not just the thing about CC NV licenses, but relevant - there's "free" and there's "free with conditions" and commercial access always involves 'free with conditions' - most common condition is that you have to pay money – which violates any sense of free - but as recent kerfuffle's over Facebook show, conditions can be non-monetary - don't want to define 'free' as "without conditions" but do want to suggest that payments & conditions impose an encumbrance on free, and that I'm generally in support of mechanisms that remove these encumbrances - 'for profit' is not always evil – but they have a ...

  32. Technology and Communication: Education in the Digital Era
    Apr 29, 2010. VI Congreso Internacional - Cultura del Trabajo, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Cordoba, Argentina (Panel). Panel discussion in which I outline the role of the personal learning environment and some of the work I've done in the area. English with a Spanish translation. The audio also includes presentations in Spanish from Raul Juarez, Juan Manuel Lucero and moderator Emilio Salomon. The panel from Congresos Cultura del Trabajo. Photo by the great onion. The audience at Congresos Cultura del Trabajo. My photo. From Congresos Cultura del Trabajo. Stephen Downes, Juan Manuel Lucero, Raul Juarez y Emilio Salomon. Photo by the great onion.

  33. D2L 2009 Expert Panel
    Jul 16, 2009. D2L Fusion 2009, Desire2Learn, St. Paul, Minnesota (Panel). The panel page was here. Here's the intro: "We only exist because of the needs of students. What do students need? How do we know what they need/what they think they need? What are the challenges? How will we provide what they need? What are the solutions?" My response: "many players are involved in education, and we need to attend to them." The UStream recording appears not to exist. The audio recording is available; enjoy.

  34. Edupunk: Open Source Education
    Mar 15, 2009. SXSW 2009, South by South West, Austin, Texas (Panel). Edupunk panel session. Links: Intro video; UStream Live Video; Dave Lester blog post; Live conference chat, submit window; Live conference chat, screen display; None of these links works any more; here's an article by Virginia DeBolt for posterity:   SXSW: Edupunk: Open Source Education Posted on March 15, 2009 Jim Groom, Stephen Downs, Gardner Campbell, Barbara Ganley   Edupunk an approach that results from a DIY attitude and brings the attitude of 70s punk rock bands to the classroom. Campbell. Tools to put course content online in the 90s we are problematic content delivery model. It's become a business system rather than a relational driven system. Groom. LMS is a corporate logic system. It isn't about learning. Need to think about going other ways. Downs. Internet teaches us that we don't need to preserve power authority to learn. Ed designed by people doing the learning is what he's ...

  35. Taking the Pulse of Key Sectors: Advanced Learning Technologies
    Oct 31, 2008. Innovation Forum, NRC, Saint John, New Brunswick (Panel). This short presentation during a panel is a summary of trends in advanced learning technologies. I first outline it the standard way, by listing some major technologies. Then I outline the future in terms of major educational strategies. The slides cover only the last part of the talk, as the first part was completely ad libbed.

  36. Expert Panel
    Jul 22, 2008. D2L Fusion 2008, Desire2Learn, Memphis, TN (Panel). Desire2Learn Expert Panel featuring Stephen Downes, Barry Dahl, Michael Feldstein, Robbie Melton. After a short remark by D2L chair John Baker, each panelist outlines what they thing should be the future of online learning. Then the chaos starts as the discussion - streamed live on the web and including the use of a backchannel in the auditorium - ranges far and wide. The video was archived in UStream but appears to be lost.

  37. Interactive Unpanel: Industry Leaders Answer Your Questions
    Sept 25, 2007. Research Innovations in Learning Conference, Brandon Hall Associates, San Jose, California (Panel). No audio (recorder failed) or slides, sorry.

  38. Learning and Communities in the Web 2.0 Era
    May 23, 2007. e-learning 2.0 Symposium, University of Moncton, Moncton, New Brunswick (Panel). No audio, video or slides. This presentation covered the development of web 2.0 tools and how they are being used to create learning communities.

  39. Imagining Canada's Best Online Course: An Open Access Project
    May 14, 2007. 2007 CADE/AMTEC conference, Canadian Association for Distance Education, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Panel). Panel discussion where we allowed ourselves to dream big for a little bit.

  40. E-Learning Panel
    Apr 22, 2007. E-Learning Guild 2007, Boston, Massachusetts (Panel). Discussion of learning and especially informal learning, as supported by web 2.0 tools, the bottom-up adoption model, social media and blogging in learning.

  41. EduPatents: The Gathering Storm
    Nov 27, 2006. TeachU Seminar, Ohio Learning Network, Online (Elluminate) (Panel). Discussion with Michael Feldstein and OLN's Cable Green on edupatents and, in particular, the Blackboard patent. In addition to some interesting back and forth between the three of us, we were also visited by Blackboard counsel Matthew Small, who added his own perspective on things near the end of the session. The Elluminate archive may be accessed directly (you'll need to install Elluminate to make it work) and an MP3 recording of the session (for those who cannot or won't install Elluminate) is also available

  42. LearnNB
    Oct 06, 2006. LearnNB 2006, LearnNB, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Panel). I am in Fredericton today for the LearnNB meeting - LearnNB is the local e-learning industry group, associated with CSTD and ASTD. I was pleased to be able to sit on a panel chaired by Ken Reimer looking at government and industry collaboration in the sector.

  43. The Global University
    Jun 05, 2006. Blue Ribbon Panel, The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK (Panel). No slides, no audio, no description, really, and I can't find anything in Google. But it was a very large event, very formal,  and we talked about the idea of mass universities, future learning technologies, and open resources. At least I have a picture!

  44. Collaboration Tools: What's Out There
    Aug 09, 2005. Seminars on Academic Computing, Snowmass, Colorado (Panel). Phil Long, Alan Levine and I discuss the full range of collaboration tools, with an emphasis on the cheap, easy and informal: things like wikis, blogs and such. Discussion of implementing blogs in a multi-user environment. Also discussion of how the tools are being evaluated.

  45. CSTD Panel on the Future of Learning
    May 27, 2005. CSTD, Canadian Society for Training and Development, Fredericton, New Brunswick (Panel). Panel discussion including myself, Jay Cross, Rob Pearson and Lisa Neal.

  46. Blogging in Education Panel
    Feb 20, 2005. Northern Voice, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Panel). I also sat on the Blogging in Education panel: here is the MP3 of Blogging in Education and here is a summary by Nancy White. We have to redefine for ourselves first and foremast what constitutes quality. Being accepted by 2 out or 3 referees who won't even reveal who they are is not a measurement of quality.  If you write well, if you have something to say, if you put it online for people to read, you will get a wider readership than any journal article would and you will be recognized for it.

  47. Object Oriented Learning Objects
    Nov 26, 2004. L'ingenierie pedagogique a l'heure des TIC, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec (Panel). I present again the idea of "e-learning as dynamic, unstructured stream of learning resources obtained and organized by learners." In this talk I extend the idea bit by elaborating on the community aspect of learning resources and outlining how the learning objects should be designed in order to facilitate this.

  48. Issues in Digital Rights Management
    Nov 11, 2003. E-learn 2003, Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Phoenix, Arizona (Panel). Digital Rights Management (DRM) is the management of rights by digital means, specifically; intellectual property rights applied to digital content and services. DRM is a complex and explosive issue involving a both law and technology and is an issue with which the e-learning community must come to grips. In conjunction with a panel session at the E-learn 2003 conference sponsored by the Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, this paper defines terms and states some of the problems associated with applying DRM in e-learning. See for full text of my talk.

  49. Learner Centered by Practice: Applying What We Know About Learning and Cognition in Designing for the Online Environment
    Jan 28, 2002. NLII Annual Meeting, EDUCAUSE, San Diego, USA (Panel). Panelists provided an overview of, and shared current thinking around, four key issues related to technology-assisted learning. What do we know about learning and cognition that should be applied to the online environment? Using these principles, what are some of the most effective design, teaching and learning strategies that have been explored in professional, continuous, and corporate learning, as well as higher education? In what ways do they contribute to or change our understanding of learner centeredness? How can we use existing technologies to design effective teaching and learning experiences? What are the indicators that next-generation technologies will further support these goals? Follow-up article.

  50. Distance Education: The Dream
    Nov 08, 2000. Net*Working 2000, Australian Flexible Leaning Network, online (Panel). Nobody would imagine a world mired in 1990s technology - would they? Scrollbars, mouse clicks - we may as well say that the future of the telephone was limited to rotary dials or unhelpful operators. Or that the future of books was limited to those large leather-bound volumes you had to read in dust-filled monasteries. We have unlimited wireless bandwidth, multi-layered simulations, full voice access and control - why would we tie ourselves to desktops? Full text of presentation. (Still looking for the missing audio file).


  1. The Lecture Must Stand
    Apr 14, 2011. Follow the Sun - Learning Futures Festival Online 2011, University of Leicester, Leicester, via Adobe Connect (Debate). My side of a debate versus Donald Clark and James Morrison - their proposition was that the lecture must die, and I argued that the lecture must stand. For the web pages with the full videos, see the web presentation actually used during the talk. Donald Clark's slides are here.

  2. Downes-Wiley
    Aug 12, 2009. Open Debate, Vancouver, British Columbia (Debate). This was an all-day debate between David Wiley and myself on topics related to open content and the commercialization of learning resources. Topics covered include: What are OERs and Why do we want Them? What's Our Objective Here? Providing Learning vs Supporting Learning. Perspectives on OERs: Users and Producers. OERs Created by Providers vs. Created by Community. It was webcast, attended by about 20 people, and converted into a book. Reaction posts by David Wiley, Martin Weller. Original Audio: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4.  


  1. Interview With Jeff Young
    Oct 29, 2021. EdSurge Podcast, EdSurge, (Interview). In this edition of the EdSurge Podcast Jeffrey R. Young interviews me at some length about the present and future of MOOCs. This audio has my side of the audio (so you'll have to imagine what the questions are). I haven't been able to find the finished interview on the EdSurge podcast (the current link is just a placeholder) but I'm pretty sure I didn't just imagine it. Update. The interview has been posted as a podcast, along with contributions from George Siemens; here's my post wehere I discuss the final poduct.

  2. Conversation with Ross Dawson
    Aug 31, 2020. The Virtual Excellence Show, Ross Dawson, Online, via Zoom (Interview). Virtual education expert Stephen Downes, who helped create the world's first Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), shares insights into the state and future of virtual learning for schools, universities, and everyone.

  3. What Comes After Phase 3?
    Jun 16, 2020. , (Interview). This is a conversation with some people from the health care industry in the U.S. asking about what I expect to see after the current wave of technology. The current wave, which I discussed in my E-Learning 3.0 course, involves things like consensus, cloud and blockchain. What's the longer term future (looking out 15 or 20 years)? Embodied computing. In talk about what that means and imagine some of the consequences for education. Audio only.

  4. Bruno de Pierro Interview
    May 17, 2020. , (Interview). I received a request for responses to some questions in my email. The questions were quite involved and it would take me quite a while to type answers. But also, in relation to a work-related question, I had been looking at AI-based transcription. And also, my new Audio-Technica microphone arrived today. So as an experiment, I used to transcribe by answer. I was speaking off the top of my head, without notes. Below is the unedited transcript, preserved exactly as converted by the AI, for science. And here is the link to the original audio, also unedited. View the text here.

  5. Leaders & Legends of Online Learning
    Nov 26, 2019. , Online, via Skype (Interview). Interview with Mark Nichols for the Leaders & Legends of Online Learning podcast.

  6. Gettin Air
    Sept 13, 2019. , Online, via Zencaster (Interview). Interview for the Gettin' Air podcast with Terry Greene.

  7. The Future of Well-Being in a Tech-Saturated World
    Apr 11, 2019. Transformative Technology Podcast, Online, via Zoom (Interview). When the Pew Research Center asks American internet users for their bottom-line judgment about the role of digital technology in their own lives, the vast majority feel it is a good thing. Yet, over the past 18 months a drumbeat of concerns about the personal and societal impacts of technology has been growing.

  8. Connectivism is key to networked learning
    Jan 09, 2017. University Business, (Interview). Interview with Tim Goral, University Business, Winter 2017 UB Special Report, pp. 5-8.

  9. The Future Trends Forum at the Campus Technology conference, 2016
    Dec 09, 2016. Bryan Alexander, Future Trends Forum, Boston, Massachusetts (Interview).

  10. Federica Interview, MOOC identity
    Sept 05, 2016. , Anacapri, Italy (Interview). Short video interview on the nature of MOOCs, how the concept of MOOC has changed over the years, and what I thin k of as the MOOC identity. By Federica.

  11. 'As pessoas não farão cursos pelo celular, isso é loucura', diz pesquisador
    Feb 08, 2016. Folha de S.Paulo, Sao Paulo (Interview). 'As pessoas não farão cursos pelo celular, isso é loucura', diz pesquisador ('People will not take courses on their cell phones, this is crazy', says researcher). Interview with RICARDO BUNDUKY, 02/08/2016 16h08, Folha de S.Paulo. View this article for translation.

  12. Entrevista a Stephen Downes with Roxana Szteinberg
    Dec 09, 2015. , Vimeo (Interview).

  13. Tiching Interview
    Feb 08, 2015. , Tiching Magazine, (Interview). Discussion of learning 2.0 with Tiching magazine. I also talk at some length about the critical literacies. Here's the article: Los docentes deben retar a los estudiantes.

  14. Stephen Ibaraki interview
    Jan 15, 2015. , (Interview). Discussion of personal learning, workplace support, and the learning and personal support systems program.

  15. MOOCs Interview
    Apr 14, 2014. , (Interview). Interview in which I talk a lot about what I see in the future for MOOCs - serialized MOOCs, social community, etc. I also discuss personal learning environments and describe how they fit in to MOOCs. Also critical literacies.

  16. Sustaining Universities in the Age of MOOCs
    Aug 03, 2013. , (Interview). Looking at the potential of MOOCs and other new technologies to disrupt the traditional university model. Interview by Jacques du Plessis. Sorry about the music track in the background.

  17. Jenni Hayman Interview
    Jul 18, 2013. , (Interview). Fifty Days Fifty Stories podcast. Discussion of what I've been up to recently. Also some discussion of my efforts to learn French, describing how I developed and delivered a talk in French.

  18. Interview with Nicole Christian
    Jul 15, 2013. Nicole Christian, Skype (Interview). Wide-ranging interview on disruptive change, the major new technologies in education today, and where internet technologies are placed historically. Audio only.

  19. Elspeth McCullogh Interview
    Oct 24, 2012. Adobe Connect, online (Interview). Interview on mobile learning and the directions mobile and online learning will take in the future. In this interview I define mobile learning, talk about opportunities and challenges in the field, and address the major issues related to competences, assessment and the design of learning.

  20. #FUSION12 - Discussion about MOOCs with Stephen Downes
    Jul 20, 2012. D2L Fusion, Desire2Learn, San Diego via Hangout (Interview).

  21. Converge Interview
    Jul 17, 2012. , (Interview). Tanya Roscoria for Converge Magazine. This is a discussion of our latest MOOC including some details about how the connectivist courses differ from other types of MOOCs. Also, we discuss just what is being 'opened' by open online courses. Sorry about the music in the background.

  22. Interview with Alexandra Hache on Open Educational Resources (OER)
    Jun 13, 2012. Alexandra Hache, telephone interview (Interview). Interview with Alexandra Hache contributing to a Study for the European Commission regarding sustainable and business models for Open Educational Resources (OER). Sorry about the microphone gain, which is a little bit too high.

  23. A Conversation With Stephen Downes
    Feb 23, 2012. , (Interview). Julie Suarez Interview in which I discuss the nature and application of the theory of connectivism. I talk about how networks form and are used by people (and entities) to create learning.

  24. MFP Interview
    Jan 10, 2012. , News 91.9, Moncton (Interview). Interview with News Radio's Tyler McLean on the founding of the Moncton Free Press.

  25. Stephen Downes - Ana Cristina Pratas - Interview
    Dec 06, 2011. , (Interview). Originally ploaded by AnaCristinaPratas to Vimeo on Tuesday, December 6, 2011 at 11:22 PM EST. . Topics: #Connectivism, #Change, #Education, #Open Access, #Stephen Downes

  26. Interview with Rob McBride
    Dec 02, 2011. , Learn IT to Teach Podcast, Moncton (Interview). Podcast interview focusing on communications and blogging in online learning.

  27. Interview on Blogging
    Nov 20, 2011. , (Interview). Interview about blogging. I talk a bit about my early days on the internet, and there's a history of my first articles on the web. I also talk about how to promote blogs so they will be found by other people. I also talk about how people use the internet, why they don't go to web pages, ranking blogs, etc. ("Would you rank the rivets on an airplane?")

  28. Ed Tech Crew
    Sept 17, 2011. , Ed Tech Crew, (Interview). Online and network learning. MOOCs, personal learning, OLDaily, network learning, and more. Darrell Branson and Tony Richards.

  29. Campus Technology Interview
    Sept 17, 2010. , (Interview). Looking at trends such as federated authentication and integrated modules. As time goes by the LMSs are becoming less stand-alone and more integrated with a wider ecosystem of services and applications. Interviewer's voice is very very faint. Transcript here.

  30. Chip Ramsay Interview
    Jun 18, 2010. , (Interview). Interview for the Intellium blog. What I do with the NRC, and what the NRC does. I also talk at some length about my presentation audio and video recordings. You can also see the interview on Intellium's Player FM channel.

  31. Futurism
    Mar 16, 2010. , (Interview). Interview with Dave Cormier, who was doing something for George Siemens. Some talk about the old times when the web first started. The idea of using technology for purposes other than those for which it was designed. I look at the technology and I ask, from the perspective of learning, what are people going to want to do.

  32. Graham Attwell Interview
    Jan 05, 2010. , (Interview). Recorded in two parts - Part One, Part Two. Where have wee been, and where are we going? I respond that we've pretty well begin to emulate the classroom online, but now we need to ask how we can move beyond that. The date is a guess; it's probably earlier.

  33. A Conversation on Learning
    Mar 31, 2009. ACER Informal, Australian Council for Educational Research, Sydney, Australia (Interview). Informal conversation covering the range of learning 2.0 with guests John Oxley and Greg Kretschmann. Recorded at the ACER offices, Sydney, Australia, March 31, 2009.  

  34. Stephen Downes talks about OLDaily and online learning
    Jan 28, 2009. Xiphos, Xiphos, Online, Skype (Interview).

  35. Roves Interview
    Oct 05, 2008. , (Interview). Interview conducted no long after the start of the CCK08 course, and we discuss the course quite a bit - how the course started, what we intended to do in the course, what new technology we were using in the course. Interview date is a guess, but it's definitely in the early fall of 2008.

  36. It can be done!
    Sept 17, 2008. , Skype (Interview). This is an interview I recorded with Jochen Robes in preparation for the SCOPE online conference, held October 1. I talk about the CCK08 course and about connectivism in general. Interesting bit, I think, where I talk about my role in the course. Also some stuff near the end on my understanding of knowledge.

  37. Ellyssa Kroski Interview
    Sept 14, 2008. , Skype (Interview). In this interview with Ellyssa Kroski from mid-September Interview I discuss our current CCK08 online course and open education generally. Kroski's course, with numerous resources and a number of interviews from other people, is available online.

  38. Women of Web 2.0 Show # 27
    May 14, 2007. Women of Web 2.0, Online, Ed Tech Talk (Interview).

  39. George Siemens Interview
    Jan 10, 2006. , University of Manitoba, Online (Interview). George Siemens and I in conversation some time in 2006 (the precise date is just a guess; perhaps George has better information). We're talking about the nature of knowledge and in particular connective knowledge. "Seeing the forest is kind of like seeing connective knowledge... something is a forest only as a result of our perceiving it (that way)."

  40. Future of FLOSSE: Interview with Stephen Downes - Part 2
    Mar 02, 2005. Future of FLOSSE, online (Interview). This is the second part of my interview with Teemu Arina. The sound quality is so-so, but it was the first experience for both of us recording a Skype conversation. Arina summarizes, "Stephen talks about communities and what is actually a community and what kinds of communities people belong to. The internet allows people to pick very specific communities by topic out there. Communities are not anymore tied to a place but are more like networks, clusters and clouds." Interestingly, people looking for clarification of my Northern Voice talk, which was actually given after this interview was recorded, will find it here.

  41. Future of FLOSSE: Interview with Stephen Downes - Part 1
    Feb 28, 2005. Future of FLOSSE, online (Interview). FLOSSE continues with its series of interviews, releasing part 1 of its interview with me today. As they did with Alan Levine, extrapolated from my remarks is a timeline of projected future events. Interesting. I think that the dates are a bit late - but then again, I always think things move too slowly, so maybe the dates are more accurate than I would pick. So here's the MP3 of Part One and we'll all wait with bated breath for Part Two.

  42. Learning Objects, Metadata, Blogs And RSS: The Future Of Online Education According To Stephen Downes
    Dec 10, 2004. Robin Good, online (Interview). Robin Good and I had a nice chat on Friday; he had the audio recorder running and links to the interview (the audio is also available on my site in MP3 format. Just to be clear, because a couple of people have raised this: I did not say I would never link to Robin Good again (my goodness), I asserted merely that I would not link to posts sponsored by Marqui. Quite a difference!

Internal Presentations

A partial list only as some internal presentations remain proprietary.
  1. A Timeline
    Sept 27, 2016. Internal Presentation, NRC, Ottawa (Internal Presentation). This is a very brisk autobiography from my early childhood through to today.

  2. Learning Networks
    Dec 15, 2005. In-House Presentation, National Research Council, Moncton, New Brunswick (Internal Presentation). In-house presentation of the concept. We were pitching it to whomever would listen. Core concepts based around learning as a network phenomenon included the web of user-generated content (eg. Wikipedia), social networks and communities (entails a genuinely portable (and owned)identity, networks of interactions (aggregate, remix, repurpose, feed forward) – syndication, and the personal learning centre.

Creative Commons License. gRSShopper

Copyright 2015 Stephen Downes ~ Contact:
This page generated by gRSShopper.
Last Updated: Oct 20, 2022 10:17 a.m.