So, artificial intelligence will be used in schools. And this introduces what the article calls "a sociotechnical controversy." I can understand the caution, of course, as there are twin challenges of making sure teachers are prepared and making sure the technology doesn't cause more harm than help. So, as the authors say, "From working with diverse stakeholders it became clear that the introduction of AES in education should always work to reprofessionalise teaching and must be informed by multiple stakeholder expertise." And that's fair enough. But I still felt as I read this article that management and control were the only real options. And I'm not so sure of that - I'm not sure it's possible, and I'm not sure it's desirable.