Learning should be visible, writes John Spencer. "When students process information visually and make their thinking visible, they improve in their metacognition and the learning tends to stick." So this post addresses how to make virtual learning visible (instead of the ubiquitous head-and-shoulders shot). he recommends such strategies as using Harvard Zero’s visible thinking strategy, or discussing “What is going on in this picture?” in breakout chats, or doing a doing a total physical response (TPR) for vocabulary, or sketching out a concept map in person, or providing a flow chart or having students create Venn diagrams. Spencer includes some product placements in the piece (as always) so be wary of clicking on tool or book links. But the suggestions are good, and should have people teaching either live or by YouTube thinking about what they can do to add a visual element to their videos.