In her most recent argument against surveillance ed-tech tools Audrey Watters implicitly draws the connection between this issue and the recent movement to defund the police by drawing on a term coined by Jeffrey Moro back in February. Writes Moro, "I define 'cop shit' as 'any pedagogical technique or technology that presumes an adversarial relationship between students and teachers.'" Moro defines the term broadly, basically including anything that tracks, measures, assesses or rewards. "Cop shit is seductive. It makes metrics transparent. It allows for the clear progress toward learning objectives... and—” here’s the key, “I will presume that you will attempt to flout me at every turn." Wattrers, in her talk, offers a series of responses to it: do not collect data, turn off the cameras, rethink 'openness', trust.