As always, this slide presentation would be a lot more useful with some audio or a trascript (it's 2020 - we should all be recording our presentations). Still, it gives us our new Phrase of the Day: "Warm Body Badges." I think the meaning is clear (badges you need only to have a pulse to obtain). Helpfully, Selena Chan offers some commentary: "The EU seems to be exploring this concept in a bid to provide badging with recognition and also to bring them into regulatory control.To be relevant, both bundled and unbundled are options depending on individual learners/organisational/national needs. Whether bundled or not, stacking is still the prevalent approach of qualification systems to addressing the recognition of microcredentials."