I was listening to Rory McGreal on the L&L podcast yesterday and he talked about how his journal IRRODL is focused on learning, as opposed to learners, and how he wanted to see evidence that learning is taking place. This is laudable, to be sure, but it's not clear how to do it. As this article says, "Whenever we try to directly measure what students have learned, what they have gotten out of their education, the effect is tiny, if any. We can see the overall effects, but we cannot show directly what it is, how it is that we’re changing the kids." And my thinking is that if this is true, then what does that sayabout the papers in the journal (or anywhere else, for that matter) that make claims that students are learning this or that?