Schools as Knowledge-Building Organizations: Thirty Years of Design Research

Bodong Chen, Huang-Yao Hong, Educational Psychologist, May 11, 2016
Commentary by Stephen Downes
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Good overview of a complex topic. "Knowledge creation is proposed as a third 'metaphor' of learning—in addition to the
learning as acquisition and participation metaphors," write the authors, and now "Knowledge Building (KB) aims to move beyond metaphor to the realization of education as a knowledge-creating enterprise." This article provides an overview of Knowledge Building "to articulate its key ideas and explore its applications in various educational contexts." The result is an examination of topics such as collective intelligence, World 3 knowledge (ie., "the body of human knowledge expressed in its manifold forms"), knowledge communities, knowledge building principles, and ultimately, the role of the teacher and the role of technology. A secondary task of the paper is to consider the empirical evidence for KB approaches and assessment of the methodology, particularly from the perspective of basic and domain-specific literacies. Note that the final article is behind a paywall; this link is to the ResearchGate version.

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