the main point here is that "learning by trying something yourself is superior to passively listening to lectures, especially in science", but that students feel they learn more in the lecture. I've certainly experienced the former; When I'm actually trying to create something or solve a problem, I'm far more likely to learn by trying it myself (though I might need someone to help me out as I work through it). "Sports and music instruction make this really clear. Watching [Roger] Federer play tennis can get you really excited about tennis, but it's not going to make you a great tennis player." The latter we see reflected in any number of studies and reports showing students prefer a 'traditional' and 'in-class' presentation of content. Image: Harvard Gazette.