Rebecca Stromeyer writes, "we received detailed survey responses from over 1600 education and technology practitioners, experts, policy makers, administrators and investors.... They took the trouble to answer our questions in detail, to tell us what happened to them and give us their opinions." The result is this detailed report (81 page PDF) on the impact of Covid on education in Africa. Not surprisingly, when in-person classes were shut down (which they were very quickly) most in Africa struggled to respond. " Survey respondents were clear in highlighting the three main obstacles for learners in the midst of school shutdown: a lack of access to technology, an unsuitable home learning environment, and a lack of access to learning materials." The report offers a series of recommendations (pp. 39-44) that are worth a look.