Another newly revised article in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. This article is relevant because so many educators use phrases like 'making meaning' without really having a deeper understanding of what they could be saying with that phrase. As someone with a background in these theories (and yes, I deserve your sympathy) it has always perplexed me that this could be what it is that educators think students are doing when they are learning. Students are at best creating (if they create anything) an interpretation of some model or representation when they learn, and not meaning itself. But all this is an artifice anyways; meaning is something societies create, and people just learn how to use the words one way or another.