According to this paper, "LTIs are chapter-by-chapter lists of detailed learning tasks students are expected to master during the course." The paper describes the employment and use of LTIs during an introductory Organic Chemistry I course at Wilfrid Laurier University and investigates "optimal conditions
for implementation of LTIs." The largest impact seemed to be obtained when LTIs helped students determine what they did or did not know. LTIs are an internal Wilfrid Laurier tool, and I wish there was more information or reference to information describing the nature and structure of LTIs, and how they differ from learnring objects and/or competences.