Stephen Downes

Knowledge, Learning, Community
Donald Clark offers a nice critical refresher with this look at Gagnè's nine steps of instruction. For example, his isertion of a discussion from Bandura at step six ('elicit the learning by demonstrating it'): "Bandura's theory is often referred to as social learning theory as it emphasizes the role of vicarious experience (observation) of people impacting people (models). Modeling has several affects on learners:
- Acquisition - New responses are learned by observing the model.
- Inhibition - A response that otherwise may be made is changed when the observer sees a model being punished.
- Disinhibition - A reduction in fear by observing a model's behavior go unpunished in a feared activity.
- Facilitation - A model elicits from an observer a response that has already been learned.
- Creativity - Observing several models performing and then adapting a combination of characteristics or styles."

[Direct link]

Stephen Downes Stephen Downes, Casselman, Canada
stephen@downes.ca

Creative Commons License.

Copyright 2021
Last Updated: Mar 30, 2021 11:59 a.m.