Towards Better Group Work: Seeing the Difference between Cooperation and Collaboration

Olga Kozar, online learning, May 20, 2014
Commentary by Stephen Downes

"Cooperation can be achieved if all participants do their assigned parts separately and bring their results to the table; collaboration, in contrast, implies direct interaction among individuals to produce a product and involves negotiations, discussions, and accommodating others’ perspectives." Olga Kozar, English Teaching Forum (2010).  Is collaboration a reasonable goal? Dividing students into groups and telling them to work together is no guarantee that they actually will. Kreijns, Kirschner, and Jochems (2002) also point to "the social-psychological/social dimension of social interaction that is salient in non-task contexts."

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