How to Cite Tweets in an Academic Paper

Jummy Daly, Higher Education Strategy Associates, Feb 20, 2014
Commentary by Stephen Downes

I actually think the format suggested here is wrong. Here's a sample of the MLA version:

Daly, Jimmy (jimmy_daly). "72% of college students own a smartphone: #highered". 31 Jan 2014, 17:01 UTC. Tweet

I think it should say "" and not "Tweet". is the source. 'Tweet' is a nickname. A person could use (which uses, which would use the same sort of reference, but you would neither call it a 'Tweet' or "Identi' (or whatever). Additionally, each tweet has a unique URL. The Daly tweet cited above can be found at - but you'll never find it without the actual URL. Not without months or years of endless scrolling.


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