Without going into the very very heady deatails of this paper: "Analogy is the core of cognition. We understand the present by analogy to the past. We predict the future by analogy to the past and the present. We solve problems by searching for analogous situations (Holyoak & Thagard, 1995). Our daily language is saturated with metaphor (Lakoff & Johnson, 1980), and metaphor is based on analogy (Gentner et al., 2001). To understand human language, to solve human problems, to work with humans, computers must be able to make analogical mappings." Yes. Exactly.
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