I don't see why the author would limit his attention to the U.S., but this short article starts off on the right track, I think. Sort of. This bit is good: "This political movement requires âxoeemergence,âxx where change is initiated from below, not handed down from above." But this isn't: "For the act of teaching and learning to change at both an institutional level and an active, social level, teachers need to join together and form a unified vision of working conditions and compensation." No. The whole concept of emergence requires that invividuals form autonomous visions and goals. Now this is a bit tricky, because, as the author says, " The call for autonomy of public education is a political act of secession from a government that has clearly failed in its task of defending the real interests of the community in terms of public education." So we have a challenge here.