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Draft: Introduction to the IEEE LTSC Technical Advisory Group on xAPI's Forthcoming Technical Report, Shelly Blake-Pock, CC BY, Nov 29, 2017

I'm helping with this, though not nearly as much as I should (NRC withdrew support for work in e-learning effective today so the work I do on things like this is pro bono). This is "an early draft of the introduction to the Technical Report on xAPI being written by the IEEE LTSC Technical Advisory Group on xAPI.," which is being led by Yet Analytics' Shelly Blake-Pock. "As an open source project, xAPI has been very successful in bringing together a wide ... [Direct Link]

Free White Paper - Cracking The Mobile Learning Code: xAPI And Cmi5, Steven Westmoreland, eLearning Industry, Nov 26, 2017

I downloaded this so you don't have to. My advice? Don't. eLearning Industry will require that you sign in with your LinkedIn credentials, then require additional information if they're not satisfied with what LinkedIn provides. Then you'll get a 32 page PDF (a far cry from the book that appears in the illustration). The first 11 pages cover a well-worn path outlining mobile learning in general. The explanation of xAPI and cmi5 is minimal and consists mostly of a case study. ... [Direct Link]

xAPI Video Profile Demo, Pankaj Agrawal, Next Software Solutions, Nov 07, 2017

This is a demo of the xAPI video profile. It's an extension of xAPI that provides activity reports on the use of video. "Progress is tracked as actual percentage of the video watched. Completion is calculated only based on entire video being consumed. Video resumes from where the user left." You can log in to the reports interface and view the activity logs for yourself (Email: Password: demo). Here's the reference implementation on ... [Direct Link]

3 Short Videos On Creating Custom xAPI Statements For Storyline, Melissa Milloway, eLearning Industry, Sept 14, 2017

This is an interesting and useful guide describing in detail how to use xAPI. It thereby serves as a good way to understand xAPI as a concept. This is the second article in a series (see the first, from last March, on getting started with xAPI and Storyline).  In this article she shpws "how to create custom xAPI statements for Storyline, that is how to send data from Storyline triggers to your LRS." You need to develop the xAPI triggers at specific points in your ... [Direct Link]

What is cmi5?, Experience API, Sept 12, 2017

Think of cmi5 as a set of "extra rules" for xAPI. It is a "specification intended to take advantage of the Experience API as a communications protocol and data model while providing definition for necessary components for system interoperability such as packaging, launch, credential handshake, and consistent information model," thus defining "interoperable runtime communication between Learning Management Systems (LMS) and Assignable Units (AU)." The ... [Direct Link]

Useful xAPI Queries eLearning Designers Should Know, Anthony Altieri, Learning Solutions, Aug 14, 2017

Good article with real code examples showing both how xAPI data is stored in a Learning Record System (LRS) and how queries can be executed on this data. "Queries are where xAPI really shines," writes Anthony Altieri. "By understanding how queries work and what their limitations are, you can begin to build much better, and more meaningful, statements." You can find the full code used in the examples on GitHub. [Direct Link]

xAPI Conformance Research & Future Requirements, Advanced Distributed Learning, Aug 10, 2017

Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) is gathering community feedback on the xAPI specification and associated Learning Record Stores (LRS) requirements. To this end, they've posted the relevant documents on GitHib. There are three documents: the xAPI LRS Conformance Requirements, the xAPI LRS Certification Requirements and Recommendations, and the xAPI Profiles specification (subdivided into three parts). As thewy say, "Please take a few minutes to help influence the future ... [Direct Link]

Demystifying the Connections Between the LMS, LRS, and xAPI, Brian Carlson, Margaret Roth, Michael Hruska, Learning Solutions, May 29, 2017

The sort of this article is a set of use cases (they're hardly case studies though they're labeled as such) describing storage and use of "data in the Learning Record Store (LRS) from multiple platforms including asynchronous learning in an LMS, synchronous in-person training, a soft-skill development game, and team member collaboration in a mobile communication app." I think it makes a lot of sense (and would be surprised if this weren't done) were the LRS also used for ... [Direct Link]

SCORM and Moodle: A Long Relationship That May Last Forever, Moodle News, Apr 28, 2017

What is not mentioned in the headline, but which becomes abundantly clear as you read the article, is that this is a dysfunctional relationship. SCORM never fit easily into Moodle and developers faced a lot of "backwash" from poorly implemented packages from other LMSs. "Prominent cases of interoperability failure where SCORM was involved did not help its cause." Meanwhile, loss of traction raised "the question of whether anyone other than the US DoD really needed a learning ... [Direct Link]

xAPI Profiles, Data Interoperability Standards Consortium, Apr 21, 2017

Background information and updates on the xAPI profiles project. Follow the orientation link to the background document on Google Docs. "The Experience API (xAPI) Profiles Specification is a technical document that aims to improve practices for creating Profiles as defined in the xAPI Specification. The xAPI Profiles Specification lays out a structure that describes profiles uniformly, describes how profiles can be discovered and reused, and how profiles can be published and managed." [Direct Link]

Experience API and RSS News/Podcast Aggregators in Education, Ted Curran, Ted, Feb 27, 2017

This is an interesting idea. Use RSS (or other syndication formats) to distribute learning resources to people.  OK we've see this bit. Then use xAPI to record reads. It wouldn't be that hard to do this (though feed reading software would have to export this data, which I don't think they currently do). The xAPI statements could be uploaded into a Learning Record Store (LRS) where they will await a welter of applications to analyze and synthesize the data. This (presuming we ... [Direct Link]

Be Healthy or Else: How Corporations Became Obsessed with Fitness Tracking, Cathy O’Neil, Backchannel, Dec 30, 2016

I've talked quite a bit about the Personal Learning Record (PLR) over the last few years as part of the overall concept of the Personal Learning Environment (PLE). I've talked about systems that track all your work - your practice, your actions, your results - and store it in a single record store. I would give examples like FitBit, which monitors your exercise and health. We're approaching this with technologies like xAPI. But I always insisted that the data be private and ... [Direct Link]

xAPI: Beyond the What, Myra Roldan, GP Strategies, Dec 26, 2016

Short article, maybe a 2-minute read, that will give you a good overview of xAPI. Something to pass along to an executive who needs to know but who doesn't have time. [Direct Link]

Learning Analytics Webinar, Aaron Silver, Anthony Whyte, Oct 21, 2016

Michael Feldstein recommends this webinar (66 minute YouTube Video) on xAPI and Caliper. Good discussion, though I wish Silver's audio quality were better. We mentioned earlier this month that discussions are being held between proponents of the two specifications on interoperability. "I suspect that more than the usual care is being taken to make the conversation officially unofficial," said Feldstein. No doubt; there's a lot of overlap. The value propositions ... [Direct Link]

Initial xAPI/Caliper Comparison, IMS Global, Oct 04, 2016

xAPI and Caliper are systems for recording student activities, offered by ADL and IMS respectively. There are ongoing discussions between the two organizations regarding how the overlap and/or interoperate. They note "Caliper and xAPI have very different origins.  The core xAPI is to enable any type of experience and evidence tracking, both electronic and physical performance and not limited to just web-based courses (as is the case for SCORM).  Caliper is the manifestation of the ... [Direct Link]

Experience API (xAPI): Potential for Open Educational Resources – Part 3, Classroom Aid, Feb 25, 2016

This is the third part of a series (part 1, part 2, part 3) on the eXperience API, and in particular, linked data. "Linked Data, frequently described as “the Semantic Web done right” by the Inventor of the World Wide Web Tim Berners-Lee, has emerged as the de facto standard for sharing semantic data on the web," writes the author. "Scholars doing social network analytics found that putting object nodes together with learner nodes can better reveal how interactions between persons ... [Direct Link]

Competency Based Learning and xAPI at Thomson Reuters, Nick Washburn, Connections Forum, xAPI Quarterly, Jan 11, 2016

Short article describing how Thomson uses technology to "losten" for competencies, as expressed by activity reports. "To date, approaches to competency-based training applications involved a challenging and large-scale design process and complex workflows to evidence how competency is attained. With the advent of xAPI, however, working with competencies becomes a more interesting project as we slice through the complex workflows." Related: Data-driven reuse with xAPI. Also: full table of ... [Direct Link]

2016 eLearning Hype Curve Predictions, Andy Hicken, Web Courseworks, Dec 28, 2015

No real surprises here, but I appreciate the slightly different take offered by Andy Hicken. At the top opf the hype cycle are badges. MOOCs and xAPI are on the way down. MOC (Maintenance of Certification) have troughed and are on the way up again. Still on the hype cycle accelerator are subscription learning, gamification, and free online education. Hicken also observes, correctly, that "online learning lags behind other industries in adopting new technologies. This is not because people in ... [Direct Link]

IMS Caliper published – we now have a clearer picture how activity streams should be described, Tore Hoel, Learning Analytics Community Exchange (LACE), Nov 07, 2015

Discussion of the recently published IMS Caliper specification. Caliper describes the method to encode and transfer clickstream data - that is, a recording of each action taken by a user (click of a mouse, press of a keyboard). This data iss especially useful for user interface design. Note that this is not the same as the IMS Caliper RAM (Real-time Analytics Messaging) specification “to implement real-time, actionable messaging alerts”. which has changed its name to IMS HED ... [Direct Link]

Don’t worry…be XAPI !, Fabrizio Cardinali, Learning Analytics Community Exchange (LACE), Oct 20, 2015

As this post notes, "XAPI was “the thing” to have at DevLearn last week." So everybody was talking about xAPI compliance but according to this article there's no body to certify compliance (though I'm not sure personally how much that would help). "XAPI is a huge leap forward from SCORM. Its intent is to reduce everything to a simple yet all-encompassing, highly granular triplet using nouns, verbs and objects, which any 'data producer' can share with others ... [Direct Link]

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