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Virtualisation and the cloud - the Eduserv Symposium 2011, a brief review
Andy Powell eFoundations 2011/05/25

Videos and links to more videos from a recent Eduserv symposium on cloud computing in education. Andy Powell summarizes, "Firstly, that adopting the cloud (i.e. moving to commodity computing) is at least as much about changes to management structure, market competition and disruption as it is about technology (though I must admit that I don't quite understand how this might play out in, say, higher education). Secondly, that the adoption of cloud infrastructure should not be seen primarily as a way of saving money. Rather it is a way of enabling innovation and allowing things to be done that were not possible before. And thirdly, that the sustainability issues (for educational cloud providers) are at least as much about the ability to keep up with a rapidly changing and highly innovative environment as they are about price." Today: Total:1958 [Comment] [Direct Link]

RDFa 1.1 drafts available from W3C
Pete Johnston eFoundations

Some good coverage of the RDFa draft now available from the W3C with plenty of examples. For those who responded well to my post on creating curricula through harvesting, this is a viable alternative to RSS (you could do both, of course). I've also been looking at Google Calendar feeds, which use a similar approach, except within RSS feeds. Today: Total:809 [Comment] [Direct Link]

RDFa for the Eduserv Web site
Pete Johnston eFoundations

Pete Johnston is looking at how RDFa can be used to link some useful data. "On the basis of the above sources," he writes, "I tried to construct some suggestions, taking into account both the Google and Yahoo guidelines, for descriptions of people, organisations and events, which I'll post here in the next few entries." I'll be watching for them (and you should too). Doing something like this is tricky - you want to make it expressive enough to be useful, but simple enough to be used. Very few initiatives have succeeded. Today: Total:912 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Federating purl.org?
Andy Powell eFoundations

Probably the first link-shortener, PURL was intended to create permanent URLs for documents. PURLs would be used for important structural works, such as standards and specifications. This approach - having a stable URL that would underlie potentially dynamic web addresses - underlies the Handle and DOI systems. But PURL, suggests Any Powell, also presents a single point of failure. What happens when the permanent URL system proves not to be permanent? Hence, "Zepheira, the company developing the PURL software, (has) recently announced a PURL Federation Architecture." Today: Total:2261 [Comment] [Direct Link]

HTML5, document metadata and Dublin Core
Pete Johnston eFoundations

Very good and very detailed account of Dublin Core metadata embedded in HTML4 and HTML5 pages. Especially interesting is the use of the HTML5 microdata element, the wayward child of the old microformat specification. "Microdata offers similar functionality to that offered by RDFa in that it allows for the embedding of data anywhere in an HTML5 document. Like RDFa, microdata is a generalised mechanism, not one tied to any particular set of terms, and also like RDFa, microdata introduces a new set of attributes, to be used in combination with existing HTML5 attributes." Today: Total:4793 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Where Next for Digital Identity?
Andy Powell eFoundations

There has been discussion of digital identity recently, with EDUCAUSE giving an award to 'Digital Identity Federations' and various projects being undertaken to provide signons to university systems. And I guess my main question - and which needs to be addressed - what makes universities think they will be the granters of identity? How long before people sign on with either a government identioty or a corporate (eg. Google or Facebook) identity? Identity federations won't make much sense in such a scenario. Today: Total:1135 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Write to Reply
Andy Powell eFoundations

Write to Reply, developed by Tony Hirst and Joss Winn, is a great concept that has yet to achieve mainstream status (perhaps if it were "invented" by one of the more famous internet pundits it would gain more traction - where is Boing Boing when we need it?). It allows people to comment, paragraph by paragraph, on reports, licenses (like the Kindle license), and other longish documents. Today: Total:1108 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Linked data vs. Web of data vs. ...
Andy Powell eFoundations

Does 'linked data' have to be RDF/SPARQL? As in:
The URIs identify any kind of object or concept. But for HTML or RDF, the same expectations apply to make the web grow:
1. Use URIs as names for things
2. Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up those names.
3. When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information, using the standards (RDF, SPARQL)
4. Include links to other URIs. so that they can discover more things.
In my view, the problem isn't so much the fact that people are not using RDF. We can actually get by without that. It's a failure to use URIs widely or well. Related: Paul Walk. Today: Total:1755 [Comment] [Direct Link]

e-Framework - time to stop polishing guys!
Andy Powell eFoundations

Is time and patience running out on eFramework, the collection of service descriptions for educational technologies? Andy Powell writes, "as far as I can tell the e-Framework consists only of a half-formed collection of unusable 'service' descriptions. So, how come this thing still has any life left in it?" Today: Total:1316 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Making the UK Federation usable
Andy Powell eFoundations

All is not well in access-federation land. "I'm sorry if all this seems very blunt but the current deployments are so un-friendly that something has got to be done - otherwise we might as well just bite the bullet and go back to having separate login accounts for every service we access." Today: Total:1198 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Share Creep
Andy Powell eFoundations

This post should probably be called "shame creep." Andy Powell writes, "shame might not be the right word for it, but there is some level of discomfort around my digital identity and it's impact on my real-life relationships." People are quite properly hesitant to presume that others will be interested in what they write (that's why self-promotion is so widely found to be distasteful). At the same time, there is an inherent value in working openly and in modeling what we believe to be ethical and productive behaviour. Today: Total:1723 [Comment] [Direct Link]

OpenIDs, Researchers and Delegation
Andy Powell eFoundations

Andy Powell cites Cameron Neylon as posing a question many of us have asked over the years, "ow then is it that we have no way of citing a person? We need a single, unique way, of identifying researchers." But does it follow that we need a specialist OpenID service to provide unique researcher IDs? No. Researchers aren't somehow special - we need a system for identifying researchers, and any OpenID will do for that, not some some specially (self-)appointed registry of researchers. Today: Total:1309 [Comment] [Direct Link]

The Apples and Oranges of Shibboleth and OpenID
Andy Powell eFoundations

The JISC-funded review of OpenID is good enough so far as it goes, and authored by people who actually built an OpenID gateway, which lends it some credibility. I don't think there's a lot in the report that would be new to proponents of OpenID, but it may be new to the report's readers. Andy Powell criticizes the report, saying 'it inevitably ends up comparing OpenID against the Shibboleth / UK Federation which is not comparing like with like - one is a bare technology, the other a technology delivered in the context of a set of national policies." Which is fair enough, I suppose. Today: Total:2935 [Comment] [Direct Link]

SWORD Facebook Application and Social Deposit
Pete Johnston eFoundations

What is a "social deposit"? You had to ask. "Being able to deposit from within a site such as Facebook would enable what I'm going to call the Social Deposit... the social deposit takes place within the online social surroundings of a depositor, rather than from within a repository. By doing so, the depositor can leverage the power of their social networks so that their friends and colleagues can be informed about the deposit." Bloggers, of course, have had this for a long time; in Facebook the marking of a blog post is called "posting anote", and users of Twitter, del.icio.us and other social networking services have long advertised their lengthier content to their friends. The only thing different about a repository is that it's a "deposit", which may be saying something. Today: Total:942 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Building in the Cloud
Andy Powell eFoundations

I'm wondering whether the George Reese cited in this article is the man formerly known as Descartes of Borg. Probably, given his resume. Nice to know what he's up to now. I spent a lot of time in his Nightmare Mudlib, using it to build my own. If George Reese speaks, listen. Today: Total:1376 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Thoughts On FOWA
Andy Powell eFoundations

Overall an interesting post, and I certainly appreciate knowing about the feel of entrepreneurship these days (and you should really listen to Tim Bray's presentation, linked), but I want to focus on the closing remark: "It's easy to knock successful people - particularly ones so young. But at the end of the day I suspect that many of us simply wish we could achieve half as much!?" And I want to say, it's not the question of what, but of how. I think that most decent people are every bit as skilled and creative as, say, Mark Zuckerberg, but are we as prepared to be as shady? And is that shadiness really a quality we want to be celebrating? From where I sit - look closely at how any of these successful 'entrepreneurs' got their start - from Gates to Jobs to Seagrams to Rockefeller to Kennedy, to name only a few - and you see more than a little questionable practice. Let's be careful about what - and who - we celebrate. because, after all, many of last year's business icons are now in jail (and for the record: I hope Conrad Black spends a long time there). Today: Total:1572 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Losing It
Andy Powell eFoundations

Andy Powell, on the JISC Services Skills event, Illuminating Event Management: "Where was the stuff about the amplified conference? About using tags successfully? About streaming options?  About Flickr and Crowdvine and blogging and live-blogging and Slideshare and ... oh, you get the picture.  I'd expect these things to be at the forefront of every event manager's thinking these days?  In our sector at least. This stuff isn't that cutting edge after all... look at this paper by Brian Kelly et al. from 2005." Today: Total:1507 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Laws of Identity - the Short Version
Andy Powell eFoundations

Kim Cameron has a rich analysis of identity. This post provides the short and concise version that speaks to the intuitive force of Cameron's ideas. "We need choice in terms of who provides our identity information in different contexts. The system must be built so we can understand how it works, make rational decisions and protect ourselves." Today: Total:1210 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Thoughts On ALT-C 2008
Andy Powell eFoundations

Commentary on this year's Alt-C, recently concluded in Britain, with live-blogs of the keynote sessions and comments about F-Alt, the alternative 'fringe' version of Alt-C, and Crowdvine, the social networking service used to assist participant interaction. Today: Total:1194 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Web Futures - Who Ordered the Pragmatic Semantic Orgamism with Fries?
Andy Powell eFoundations

Andy Powell disagrees with my explanation of why we will complain about the Semantic Web. "Success or failure of the Semantic Web does not rest with context - there is plenty of semantic work in that area it seems to me, typically referred to as the graph or the social graph." Ah, but no. The 'social graph' is not context - it's just another layer of semantics. In pragmatics, meaning varies with use - the meaning of a term is not found within the symbol set, but only exterior to the symbol set. You can describe context with language, but you cannot create context with language -- just as you can describe a knowing glance with language, but you can't create a knowing glance with language. The route to pragmatics does not lie through semantics (let's call this one the 'cognitivist fallacy'). Today: Total:2326 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Facebook Blocks Google Friend Connect
Andy Powell eFoundations

Classic error. Will cost Facebook dearly in the long run, if the current policy is continued. Related: Dear Web Applications: Where Are My Files? Today: Total:1613 [Comment] [Direct Link]

FRBR and Time-Based Media, Part 2: Clips/Segments
Pete Johnston eFoundations

(Part one is here.) I like the Turtle RDF syntax used in this example, the intent of which is to illustrate various was of describing the dependencies between various bits of time dependent media. It makes me pine what might be called RDEnglish (RDF in English). Today: Total:1376 [Comment] [Direct Link]

SWAP and ORE
Andy Powell eFoundations

I've been following this discussion on the mailing list and resisting the temptation to jump into the fray. But I will say, of the Open Archives Initiative, that (a) it's a pain to write code for it, compared to writing harvesters for RSS and Atom, and (b) it seems to be institutionally focused, when most open content initiatives are focused on the author. Do these together account for Google dropping support for OAI? Hard to say - it's Google, there's an all-encompassing plan governing this somewhere. Finally, if you're wondering, here's the link to the Scholarly Works Application Profile (SWAP) and here you'll find OAI's Object Reuse and Exchange (ORE) project. Today: Total:10158 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Jorum to Move to Open Access
Andy Powell eFoundations

This was covered by several sources - Jorum, a national learning object repository in Britain, is moving to an open access model (can Australia's Le@rning Federation be far behind? Even Britannica is doing it, sort of). Here's the announcement at JISC. "This will make it easier for lecturers and teaching staff to share and re-use each other's teaching resources. JorumOpen - as it will be called - will also provide a showcase for UK universities and colleges on the international stage." Today: Total:1290 [Comment] [Direct Link]

The 5 Ps of E-Portfolios
Andy Powell eFoundations

The five Ps are: plan, ponder, promote, prove, preserve. How dull. After they 'populate' their portfolios, they should 'publish', 'propagate' and 'proliferate'. Absolutely essential! They should use portfolios to 'perster'. To 'pontificate'? I'd say. Ponder is good, but should include the capacity to 'project', 'predict', 'parallel' and 'pin down'. And while I support 'planning' I would like to see students using portfolios to 'plot' and 'priorize'. To say the least! Come on. Portfolios aren't for librarians... they're for 'people'. Today: Total:1024 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Institutions, Web 2.0 and the Shared Service Agenda
Andy Powell eFoundations

Andy Powell points to a basic contradiction in the use of Web 2.0 shared services in academia: "Web 2.0 services tends to leave the institution much less in control of what is happening than they would be in a traditional outsourced 'shared service' approach." With this in mind, he projects a period of adjustment. "I think we have to start by acknowledging that we are entering a period of disruption caused by the use of external Web 2.0 services." Today: Total:1113 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Options for Joining the UK Access Management Federation
Andy Powell eFoundations

See, this is why I don't like federations very much - they exhibit more group behaviour, and less network behaviour. In particular, in the first instance, by delineating just exactly who can join - and more importantly, who can't. And so we get conseqences like: "if you choose to outsource your identity provision then you are not a 'full member' of the federation, whatever that means." More on 'third party suppliers of federated access management' and in particular OpenAthens. Today: Total:1196 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Repositories Follow-Up - Global Vs. Institutional
Andy Powell eFoundations

Andy Powell responds to some of the commentary to a recent talk he gave questioning the current approach to repositories. In this post he argues that "we need to focus on making scholarly content available on the Web in whatever form makes sense to individual scholars." Imagine, ge suggests, a service like 'ResearchShare', similar to Slideshare. "we would end up with something far more compelling to individual scholars than current institutional offerings." Like iPaper, maybe.

In another follow-up, Pete Johnston reaches back to Tim Berners-Lee to emphasize four basic rules:
1. Use URIs as names for things.
2. Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up those names.
3. When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information.
4. Include links to other URIs. so that they can discover more things.
Not exactly what we see from a pile of PDFs, is it? He writes, "I was struck (but not really surprised) by the absence... of any of the data about researchers and their outputs that is being captured and exposed on the Web by the many 'repository' systems of various hues within the UK education sector." Today: Total:1460 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Bunfight at the Athens/Shibboleth Gateway
Andy Powell eFoundations

My own take on this is that it shows the danger of relying on a 'solution' for identity management, whether proprietary or otherwise. The people involved in the transition from Athens to Shibboleth, meanwhile, are scrambling ways to find funding for gateways between the systems. Today: Total:1740 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Graphs, Networks, Terminology, Etc (or, Hey, Hey, I'm a Monkey)
Pete Johnston eFoundations

Nice discussion of the 'graphs' versus 'networks' jargon war taking place right now. Pete Johnston, with some judicious linking (really nice job there, good work), puts it into perspective. Which allows me to summarize it all in a pithy one sentence nutshell: a graph is a mathematical representation of a network. Today: Total:1460 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Reflections On a DIY Streaming Experience
Andy Powell eFoundations

Video streaming in a multimedia environment is the new black. The solution we agreed on included the use of a basic Web-cam, a podcasting kit, two laptops (one for the streaming and one for Second Life - note that a very well spec'ed single laptop might have sufficed for both tasks but one wasn't available and using two felt like the safest option). I plan to do some of this sort of stuff while in Colombia next week, as well as from Malaysia in January. So stay tuned. Today: Total:3858 [Comment] [Direct Link]

OpenID - Every Student Should Have One
Andy Powell eFoundations

Summary of the OpenID event that took place in London last Thursday, with links to photos, slides and blog entries. Andy Powell writes, "t seems to me that this is a good example of why the education community stands to gain by going with more mainstream approaches such as OpenID. Mainstream technologies get embedded into the fabric of the tools we all use - community-specific technologies do not..." Today: Total:1798 [Comment] [Direct Link]

UniProt, URNs, PURLs
Pete Johnston eFoundations

This just so neatly underscores my own view, and hnce, my opposition to things like CORDRA: "the draft W3C Technical Architecture Group finding URNs, Namespaces and Registries, which addresses the questions 'When should URNs or URIs with novel URI schemes be used to name information resources for the Web?' and 'Should registries be provided for such identifiers?'. The answers given are 'Rarely if ever' and 'Probably not'." Today: Total:1084 [Comment] [Direct Link]

New Dublin Core in X/HTML Spec Available for Comment
Pete Johnston eFoundations

For those who havebn't given over meta tags completely to the spammer, the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative has a new specification for the encoding of 'meta' and 'link' elements in HTML and XHTML. Today: Total:836 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Facebook Usage
Andy Powell eFoundations

Survey of what people do when they're on Second Life. Which is, mostly, to look at people's profiles and to look at pictures. What this tells me is that people are still in the 'browse' stage of Facebook - similar to the way people used to explore home pages in the early days of the web. This means that Facebook needs to evolve, because the browsing stage will end, and if there isn't something to engage people, they'll go elsewhere. Today: Total:1744 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Are We Digitising Into Silos?
Andy Powell eFoundations

So here's the question: when open content activists sneak into the British Library and start photographing these old (and now public domain) texts, in contravention of the Library's deal with Microsoft to create a private archive, is it piracy? Does David Wiley have any comment on how we are going to ensure open access to these public domain resources now that they have been commercialized? How do we protect the right of people to access these materials without charge? Today: Total:10125 [Comment] [Direct Link]

France Telecom Announce Support for OpenID
Andy Powell eFoundations

I'm going to stop running the 'so-and-so supports OpenID' posts pretty soon, though I agree with Andy Powell that this one is pretty big news. Today: Total:1374 [Comment] [Direct Link]

HTTP Client Error Codes in Cartoon Form
Pete Johnston eFoundations

You just know I have to add these to my site some time. The HTTP 4xx status codes are by Adam Koford and are available in poster form from Jesse Friedman. Today: Total:1423 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Group Membership and OpenID
Andy Powell eFoundations

Yes, this is a good idea. I can think of a number of ways passing group membership information (in a distributed environment) would be useful. Wouldn't it be nice to be able to join, say, the 'edubloggers' group without having to sign up on Ning, or Facebook, or whatever? I am meanwhile working on OpenID implementation for edu_RSS, but the installation of Crypt::dh stalls (at "t/01-dh... ok 15/18" if you're wondering) - ack, the worst part of Perl is Perl Modules. Today: Total:1308 [Comment] [Direct Link]

IWMW 2007 in York - OpenID and All That
Andy Powell eFoundations

Here's an interesting suggestion, "that no-one in an institution should ever again invent an ad hoc sign-on mechanism for anything they do on their Web site." There's some serious discussion around identity these days - with it being described as of "strategic importance", and also of ensuring that OpenID remain open. Today: Total:1211 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Nature Network - a Thinking Person'S Social Network?
Andy Powell eFoundations

Coverage of a new social network for scientists, "Nature Network (NN) - a social network for 'scientists to gather, talk and find out about the latest scientific news and events'." So why, asks Andy Powell, is nature - the journal - doing this? "Communication that used to happen primarily thru the peer-reviewed, published article and the conference paper is now beginning to happen in other ways." Good answer. My question is, why would they have to go to Nature to do this? Today: Total:1571 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Efsym2007 Revisited
Pete Johnston eFoundations

Summary of a seminar inside Second Life I attended Tuesday, a follow-up from the one-day conference hosted by Eduserv last month. A couple of things surfaced: first, the use of a moderation system to manage the discussion was less than successful, and second, it was suggested that the Second Life venue didn't add anything over and above a plain text chat such as IRC ("who is looking at the avatars?" asked a participant, "and who is looking at the chat history window?"). Today: Total:1236 [Comment] [Direct Link]

De-Briefing the Symposium - Running a Blended Real Life/Second Life Event
Andy Powell eFoundations

Longish debriefing of the Eduserv event on virtual worlds recently held in London. It would be interesting to see more of this from conference organizers. Today: Total:1200 [Comment] [Direct Link]

JISC Conference
Andy Powell eFoundations

Update on a "pleasant day" at a JISC conference (how about that!) with a link to a slide show about the Open Athens project. "End-user needs will push us down a user-centric identity management road... institutions will need to operate across multiple access management federation." Today: Total:1209 [Comment] [Direct Link]

What Is a Dublin Core Application Profile, Really?
Pete Johnston eFoundations

This is a pretty good post, though the writing is pretty dense - if you are not deeply into metadata and application profiles then you might not be interested in this post. Basically, Dublin Core (as with any metadata specification) leaves open the question of which sort of descriptions ought to apply to which sort of entities in different contexts. An application profiles provides this determination. In this post, the development of application profiles as 'templates' or 'patterns' is discussed, what might be called 'description profiles'.

That said, work is progressing on a Education application profile via a wiki on the Dublin Core site. And Sarah Currier, in a post to the JISC mailing list, reports on the recent DC-Ed working session in Mexico. "Diane Hillmann mentioned at the Mexico session of the DC-Ed group that we should have some criteria for deciding on what vocabularies to consider: she is reported as saying they should be 'intelligently designed, maintained, and either have URIs or are willing to talk to someone about URI assignments.'" For my own part, it is not clear to me that vocabularies ought to be designed in advance of usage. But vocabularies that exist ought, perhaps, to be documented, providing that we understand that such an account is descriptive, and not normative. Today: Total:1249 [Comment] [Direct Link]

WorldCat Institution Registry and Identifiers
Pete Johnston eFoundations

Good articulation of the author's thoughts around the WorldCat Institution Registry service provided by OCLC. What interests me here is that the 'info' protocol being used creates the same sorts of questions in his mind as the use of Handle in things like CORDRA creates in mind. We both wonder, "Why not use HTML?" because "I can't - at least without some additional information - take one of those URIs that has been given to me by email, by telephone etc, and obtain a representation of the resource. While the info URI scheme shares some of the characteristics of the http URI scheme as an identification mechanism, there is no widely deployed mechanism for dereferencing an info URI. While there is no global method for dereferencing info URIs, the info URI scheme does provide for individual 'namespace authorities' to specify dereferencing mechanisms for URIs on a 'per namespace' basis, and to disclose those methods via the info URI Namespace Registry. Clearly that introduces additional complexity - and ultimately cost - for dereferencing." And... and... control. Read IETF's spec: "The 'info' URI scheme applies to a class of resource identifiers whose Namespace Authorities MAY or MAY NOT choose to disclose service mechanisms." Why oh why oh why can't OCLC use real live URLs? There's a lot of people out there with real control issues, and they are determined to break the internet for the rest of us. Today: Total:4054 [Comment] [Direct Link]

TypeKey and the UK Access Management Federation
Andy Powell eFoundations

When the UK Access Management federation announced they were opting for Shibboleth, I was pretty critical. Still am. But now the question becomes more direct: how hard would it be for them to support OpenID? Why would they not do so? Today: Total:996 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Repositories and OpenID
Andy Powell eFoundations

Some buzz is beginning to build around OpenID, which is good, as it (or something like it) is the best (and only) hope against the morass of logins we've found ourselves in. here's the question: "Why don't we just use OpenIDs as author identifiers in institutional repositories?" Some indications of what the institutional response (which must own everything) will be: "I'm not sure that Traugott was very impressed... possibly for good reason! He was particularly concerned about legacy issues for example." Yeah, well, were I a student I would be worried about an institutional ID that isn't portable and that disappears when I graduate. See also Wesley Fryer on OpenID. Dave Tosh also mentions it in passing. Also worth a look is this short (4 page) summary of the Identity management Summit (people have to stop calling their private discussions a 'Summit'). Today: Total:1090 [Comment] [Direct Link]

The Importance of Being Open
Andy Powell eFoundations

I have started uploading some of my PowerPoint slide presentations into Slideshare and am sympathetic with the observations in this post. "It is hard not to be tempted to make simplistic comparisons between JORUM and Slideshare and the other social tools... but I wonder how the 1200 resources deposited into JORUM over the last 11 or so months compare with the rate of presentations being deposited into Slideshare currently (even while it is still in beta)?" Why is this? It's hard to say, but the author suggests, "I think we fell foul of being too rigid in the use of a particular set of standards." Also, "Does JORUM's current registration process indicate a trust in the end-user?" When you create an online service, making it hard to use and restrictive makes it less likely people will use it. And raises the question: why bother? Today: Total:1436 [Comment] [Direct Link]

Links

(Still working on this)